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Here is such a Chekunda
How the collapse of rocks in the Khabarovsk Territory threatens to change the fate of the residents of two villages at once
At the end of December, a sensation was found in the Verkhneburinsky district - a huge piece of the hill was in the Bureya River. The first thought that visited local people - the fall of a meteorite. Later, special groups, including scientists, traveled to the site several times. They dismantled the space version almost immediately: the NASA and Roscosmos satellites did not record any outbreaks in this area, the data on any shocks were not received by the seismologists, and the radiation background was normal there.
After consulting, the scientists decided that it was a gathering ground. According to one version, it occurred because of the heavy rainfall that occurred in the Amur basin in the summer and autumn of last year. Because of them, the earth was saturated with water, froze at low temperatures, and then broke the ground, causing a landslide. Among the versions of the anomaly, by the way, and the fall of the rocket, and the influence of UFO forces. It sounds fabulous, but in the Verkhnebureinsky district, many people tend to believe in any other explanation than the official one.
Meanwhile, the river turned out to be about 34 million cubic meters of soil, of which only two million "cubes" are above the ground. The height of the collapse is about 80 meters, the length is about 700 meters. Blocking the Bureya, the avalanche stopped the normal flow of the river. As a result, the Bureyskaya hydroelectric power station has little water, but the village of Chekunda, which is 73 km from the site of the collapse, has a lot.
Now the water threatens to flood the rural cemetery, and in the spring, scientists predict a flood, because of which the settlement may flood. Due to the lack of water in the Burea, dangerous voids appeared in the ice. The threatening situation forced the Khabarovsk Territory authorities to introduce an emergency situation in the region. The same regime is valid for the same reason in the Bureysky District of the Amur Region.
The president himself joined the solution of the problem in Bureya. In early January, Vladimir Putin sent the military to the site of the collapse so that they blew up the ground and “liberated” the river. Scientists agreed with this decision, because naturally the river will dissolve such a huge amount of soil only in decades. Military engineers have already made three explosions and are planning the fourth one today. The explosions helped to virtually level the mash with the height of the ice.
“They hit 28 tons. The military are deepening, increasing the power of explosions and today they will blow up already 56 tons. On February 1 they plan to turn the water over the Bureya. Now explosions do not affect the settlements in the area. People are waiting, no one knows what will happen. After February 1, there will already be something in more detail known, ”said Alexey Maslov, head of the Verkhnebureinsky district, EastRussia.
The main task of the military is to create a duct for February 1. However, after this work will not end - the security forces plan to carry out the explosions until February 20.
Now more 500 people are working on the ground. They created a camp, brought several hundred tons of explosives, laid a dirt road along the ridge of the dam from the field camp to the site of explosions. Using a bulldozer and an excavator, the channel is cleared and leveled, working in three shifts. At the same time, scientists do not exclude that the situation during blasting at any time can get out of control: there is a high probability that the remaining part of the hill will collapse. In addition, a wave height of up to 20 meters can rise during blasting.
Even if the explosions take place quietly, without new collapses and huge waves, hydrologists fear that the channel that forms after the explosions may be too narrow to allow a large flow of water. In March, the water level is expected to rise near the village of Chekunda, according to experts' forecasts - about a meter. There is a high probability that by June after snowmelt the river will reach marks that occur in August. The authorities of the Khabarovsk Territory are mentally prepared that the residents of Chekundy will have to be resettled, and they have already calculated the costs of this.
"The amount of funds, in case we need relocation, and it is most likely needed, will be about 300 million. If relocation is needed, this money will be allocated unconditionally," said the governor of the Khabarovsk Territory, Sergei Furgal.
232 citizens who are registered in this locality will have to be resettled. On instructions from the head of the region, residents should hold a village gathering and decide whether they agree to resettlement. The first-aid post, school and boiler room work for residents of another settlement - Elga. If Chekundy will not, this village will not be able to exist either. Its residents want to relocate, but do not fall into the area of possible flooding. Sergei Furgal promised to relocate the residents of Elga, if they themselves want it.
“We are preparing four resettlement schemes. We will work on the one that will take the governor. Where to relocate people will depend on their desire. The day after tomorrow I plan to meet with the governor and discuss with him the option of housing certificates. It is much easier, more democratic and cheaper. It will take three years to build, and if Chekunda will float in April, there will be no place to keep people, ”said district head Alexei Maslov, EastRussia.
Now the military is monitoring the situation on Bureya - they are watching the river from helicopters, using drones. Barrier posts have been set up in the area so that no one will be near Bureya during explosions. The collapse did not affect the operation of the hydroelectric station - the station is operating normally. At RusHydro, we are sure that there is enough water in the reservoir to work until spring.