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East as a premonition
EastRussia monitors developments at the Vostochny Space Center
On the main construction site of the country, really hot days have come, and it's not just in the summer that has finally settled: until the delivery of the most important objects for the builders is about a month and a half. Plus, there are three more news: the first party of student detachments has arrived in the East, the delegation of the State Duma visited the construction site, and the first cosmopolitan conference in the Amur region was completed.
But first things first.
The fact that the All-Russian student building under the proud name “Vostochny Cosmodrome” in 2015 will be special was clear as early as September last year, when President Vladimir Putin during the inspection of space objects personally appreciated the contribution of young people to the construction of the first civilian cosmodrome. As a result, in the spring, the organizers formed unparalleled lists, which included a record number of "fighters" from across the country - as many 1200 people who divided into 2 groups: almost 200 should go to the shift camps before 20's June numbers and 900 after .
On average, each group visits 2 for the month. But even for a not so long time, the youth draws out rooms according to all the traditions of construction teams.
"We have the required elements - the flag of our squad, the pennant of the squad. This year we chose the name of Hero of the USSR Alexei Old - this is such an action of memory in honor of the 70 anniversary of the Victory. We also have figures of our commander, commissioner - this is our tradition, the symbol of our city, badges and equipment that we use, ”- Konstantin Rybakov, a commissioner of a student detachment from Novosibirsk, leads a tour of the dormitory.
For many guys, such a construction is the first experience of independent work, and even living away from home. One of them (by the way, Amur’s resident) - Yevgeny Artishchev met his coming of age at the cosmodrome, which he didn’t regret.
"This is my first construction and watch, so, of course, I was worried," smiles Eugene, "but when I came in, all the fears took off like a hand: I liked everything, I found a common language with everyone - with the authorities and with the team. "Well, he's every year, but it was very difficult to get here."
Meanwhile, some of the construction workers are already eyeing the apartments in the future city of Tsiolkovsky, where by July four houses will be fully prepared to receive tenants. Now the guys are provided with everything necessary - from comfortable housing to food, and for a shift each one is promised a salary from 25 thousand rubles and more - depending on the output.
“In the future, I plan after I unlearn in Samara, come here and work here at the cosmodrome as an engineer,” says Dmitry Smolkin, a student from Samara’s studio team, “as far as I know, students and graduates are not satisfied with such“ views ” - show, of course, production, but it is different. There is a special atmosphere. "
“And we’ve already 2-th time here,” Dmitry’s colleague Vadim from Barnaul picks up, “last time they were completely delighted with the conditions, equipment, salaries. We’re all builders, and here we are like fish in water — even on such complex objects, everything is easy for us. "
"This is not a factory, it's a construction site, a guy, you have a cosmodrome, and we have Gagarin." Let the birches spread their buds, the NSC came to build the Vostochny cosmodrome! " - Later a rap for his own work for beatbox, guitar and maracas, a detachment from Novosibirsk met a delegation of high-ranking guests from the State Duma on the opening table - the deputies decided to check what the money allocated with their help is that they did not have time to cut into rhinestones for Mercedes and yachts. We started, as expected, with the most interesting - an inspection of future systems.
"All probably saw the powerful tail of the rocket, which goes at the start-up, now the injection system will be mounted here, which will compress the flame, move away from the inner wall and go to the flue, ie this system controls the flame coming out of the rocket, - Deputy Director General of FSUE "ZENKI" (the structure that installs equipment in the East) Andrei Okhlopkov personally conducted the excursion - thanks to this the launch resource will be much increased. "By analogy: the Gagarin start still lives, the Plesetsk battle stations are still district work and fly well, and our ... Our will be smarter! "
At the moment, the installation and installation of technological equipment is continuing at the Vostochny cosmodrome. Some systems have already passed tests - just before the day before the upper force field of the launch facility was assembled - the “hands”, which will hold the “Union”, are among the people.
That these tests were completed successfully, and all the construction projects 3 were needed. First, the builders had to build the launch pad itself, then pour the fire ring on it and install the maintenance cabin to it with millimeter precision. Moreover, the deviation even in centimeters at any of the stages was fraught with failure.
"Clearances between the starting structure when lifting the service areas and carrier rocket are from 20 to 50 mm," says the head of operations at the launch complex Viktor Ermakov. - "It turns out that if someone made a mistake, they could hit either a rocket or a starting structure when lifting the service platforms - count, all the work was in vain."
Also, the Duma members announced that starting from January 2016, construction of two launch complexes under the Angara will begin - a type of missile that uses environmentally friendly fuel. According to the adjusted plans, the automatic launch of the Angara is assigned to the 2021, and the manned launch is scheduled for 2023 year. All this inspired the guests.
"Today is a day of solid positive emotions," - commented the meeting chairman of the State Duma Committee on Industry Sergei Sobko. "Now we do not just believe that Russia can again be ahead of the planet in the exploration of outer space, but we also see it with our own eyes." This is indeed the national project that we had been waiting for so long. in information programs, and even the children are discussing it, which is why the deputies so vigorously and unanimously supported the law on Roskosmos, because we are perfectly aware of the ambitious tasks that lie ahead. "
"Personally, as a member of the defense committee, I have no doubts that there will be a launch in December," smiles the first deputy chairman of the State Duma Defense Committee, Sergei Zhigarev. "I am probably the only Duma deputy who comes here on a regular basis and knows in detail all the background.First, launching the cosmodrome as an industrial facility will give dynamics to the entire Far East - large industrial enterprises are already moving here, and secondly, Russia simply does not can have a cosmodrome outside its territory - it's logical, that's why we have no doubts that the federal budget will finance the second stage. "
“And it seems to me that we have time to do everything in the character of our people: when the Olympics were, everyone said“ we’re not going to make it, we’re not going to have time, ”but someone very wise said that when we set impossible tasks, it’s easier for us to solve them than usual ones” RBC channel general director Alexander Lyubimov added. - "In routine work, it turns out somehow crooked, oblique, sideways, and when I rushed through - everything works very well. So, by the way, it happened with the Olympics. I think the same thing will happen here too."
The very same starting table of the East becomes more and more like a variant from the picture - every week new elements appear here. Completing and installation of the only mobile service tower in the country - 52-meter construction will allow to work on the Soyuz-2 launch vehicle in all weather conditions.
And deep under the starting table, equipment is being installed at full speed - somewhere huge machines are being assembled, and somewhere they conduct high-precision welding in vacuum tubes. It is for them that the liquid nitrogen will go to the rocket, so the security requirements are very severe. For example, each pipe seam is checked with gamma rays, and then defects are detected by developing.
“From the beginning of the work, I’ve probably done a thousand photographs already,” smiles the young flaw detector Viktor Nikolaev, “the work is very responsible: one black dot on the negative means a fistula, and this is unacceptable. It’s necessary to redo the welders again, although now there’s less and less marriage ".
In addition, so that when the temperature drops the metal does not break, in addition to the vacuum, the external pipes are protected with accordion-type compensators - they will smooth out the resulting play.
"Now the angular compensator is in its nominal position, in the working one, when the inner tube is filled with liquid - nitrogen, it will become annoyed by 233 mm, - that is, the pipe will shrink-unclench," explains the master of assembly and test works Dmitry Ryakhovsky.
In the midst of work, and on the technical complex, where the designers are already experiencing unique mechanisms specially created for the rocket, for example, a transborder assembly, the only two copies of which exist in the world only in the East. This is a completely Russian development, which is jokingly called the "space waiter", since the components of the rockets will be immersed in it, and then this unit will be delivered to the assembly or test body of a spacecraft or launch vehicle and move on.
The only large-assembly assemblies in the East are more than 14,5 thousand, and over the creation of the mass of the units available here, staffed more than 250-ti enterprises from all over Russia.
"Finally, we have overcome all the critical boundaries, the equipment was manufactured and delivered at 100%", - Elena Toropova, head of the department for control and installation of technological processes and transitions of FSUE "TSENKI" sighs with relief. "At our launch complex 29 special systems and on the technical 39 systems, and almost all the systems that are on the charts - we are ahead of the curve."
80% of premises on East is ready. Builders must hand them over to the engineers by the end of July, and it seems they will have time to do it. Returning to the schedules is one consequence of the fact that the number of subcontractors has almost tripled.
"Today, we have about 145 organizations working at the cosmodrome. This, of course, is not 330 and not 500, which were earlier. This allows for improved manageability and transparency," said Alexander Mordovets, deputy director of Spetsstroy of Russia.
Specific grandiose tasks for the future of the East were discussed later at a youth scientific-practical conference, which brought together several hundred people from all over the country. As Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin noted, in the near future, the Amur region is expected to face serious changes: first, the launch in December this year of the "Union-2" with the satellite "Lomonosov", which was collected by students of Moscow State University. And in-2, the region is waiting for replenishment, no less than 12 thousand people - this is how much should be serviced by the "Eastern".
"Those who choose to live here, in the city of Tsiolkovsky, to work at the Vostochny cosmodrome, can only be envied. Because you will have the opportunity to work on modern technology, and you will have the opportunity to creatively self-actualize. In full not only specialists of the rocket and space industry, we need doctors, teachers, kindergarten teachers, "began the Deputy Prime Minister.
By the way, about Tsiolkovsky: just now the work there resumed with a new force - with the beginning of the heat builders began to flood new foundations and have already laid the foundations of the school, kindergarten and the pool. The development of the future science city and the application of know-how in it became a topic for dialogue with Rogozin right from the audience.
One of the participants inquired whether the city of Tsiolkovsky would become a platform for creating innovative urban infrastructure and a platform for implementing promising projects in the field of public utilities, to which the Deputy Prime Minister replied: “I guess your question will encourage us to deploy an experimental platform here to work out just the software to provide a "smart city." Let's do it, a good idea. "
As the organizers said, the main task of the conference and the festival is to entice the youth with science. Recall, AmSU in cooperation with specialized universities of the country since 2009, purposefully trains staff for the future Vostochny cosmodrome. The first graduates are already involved in the preparation of the December launch of the Soyuz-2 launch vehicle, and from 2016, the university will announce a set of budget places for the space industry for 20. The plans of the university to go on self-training of such specialists - without the need to send them to complete the education in the center of Russia. All this is extremely important things in the opinion of the special guest of the conference - the hero of Russia, cosmonaut Sergey Krikalev.
"The creation of the first Russian cosmodrome will help attract new blood, because this is one of the biggest problems of the rocket and space industry, there is a failure in the staff, there are losses of the middle generation.There are young people who come and go, so we need young people to come and stay" , - said the cosmonaut.
Despite the passage of a critical milestone in terms of time, work on all sites of the East continues in an enhanced mode - testing of new systems will be held here literally every week. Once again, the main construction site of the country is waiting for an inspection in early July.