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Eastern range of traction
On the way to the ports of the Far East a new locomotive will operate
Bryansk Engineering Plant (part of ZAO Transmashholding) received a certificate of compliance with the technical regulations of the Customs Union for the main diesel locomotive 3TE25K2M, specially designed for operation on the Baikal-Amur Mainline. A powerful locomotive is only part of the solution to the problem of missing the growing freight traffic to the ports of the Far East. EastRussia figured out whether the region's trains lacked fuel, sand and traction.
Replenishment of the locomotive fleet is necessary not only due to the increase in traffic to the Far Eastern ports, but also the aging of existing equipment. At present, diesel locomotives of the 3TEXNUMMK series remain the basis of traction rolling stock on the northern latitudinal route of the Far Eastern Railways, although they were modernized, but they were launched in the Soviet period.
According to the calculations of the Institute of Economy and Transport Development, in order to ensure the growth of freight traffic on the railways of the Eastern testing range (except for the Far East, it is the Transbaikal, East Siberian, Krasnoyarsk highways) in 2018-2020, 589 freight locomotives, including 338 diesel locomotives, need to be purchased.
If the reliability of the new equipment is confirmed, it is expected that due to the wide use of 3ТЭ25К2М diesel locomotives, operational costs can be reduced. In the design of the machine, in addition to improved traction characteristics, an increased mileage between the equipment and the frequency of maintenance and repairs are laid. For example, at the moment there is a great need for equipping the locomotives 3TE10MK, which ensure the export of coal from the fields in the south of Yakutia towards the Pacific ports. When approaching the station Fevralsk (Amur region), they usually run out of sand and do not always have enough fuel to reach New Urgal (Khabarovsk Territory). Therefore, in February, the item of equipment is organized. "In the future, the revision of the technology of the diesel locomotive park on the direction of Berkakit-Tynda-February-Novy Urgal (the length of the section exceeds 1,1 thousand km-EastRussia) is not excluded, if new three-section locomotives 3ТЭ25К2М come here that can work without equipment on longer shoulders. That is, this locomotive can go to the passage of the station February ", - explained in the regional directorate of traction JSC Russian Railways.
At the same time, the press service of Transmashholding says, the use of more powerful locomotives will solve the issues of carrying capacity and expeditious cargo delivery in the Far East. Thanks to the diesel locomotives 3TEX25K2M it is possible to increase the weight norms of trains, which include innovative carriages with increased axle load. Now such rolling stock is already used on such coal routes as Inskaya - Nakhodka (length 5861 km), Yerunakovo - Nakhodka-East (5751 km) Chelutai-Vanino (3556 km). While on the Far-Eastern railway line wagons with maximum load of 23,5 t per axle are being addressed, the issue of a broad access to the railway car network with loads of 25 t and 27 t per axle is still being considered (so far such cars are not in operation).
By the way, the Far East Railroad Administration notes that within the framework of the 1st stage of the modernization of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and the Trans-Siberian Railway (the Eastern polygon), the Russian Railways undertook to increase the 2020 transport to 2012 million tons per year, number of 66 million tons due to the treatment of heavy trains and innovative cars.
Rolling stock with an increased internal body size has an increased load capacity - up to 75-77 t versus 70 t for a typical model. So, the freight train, formed from 71 gondola cars produced by the Tikhvin Carriage Works with a mass of 7100 t gross, transports almost 500 tons of cargo more than typical cars.
The advantages of using innovative rolling stock to increase exports are indicated by coal miners and stevedores, in particular, representatives of SUEK (owns a terminal in Vanino) and the Managing Port Company (under its management is Vostochny Port JSC). "The new cars have a greater margin of safety, greater inter-repair mileage. RZD decided to inspect them less often. Due to this, the order of 10% of travel time is saved. Such practice needs to be developed, "- said Deputy Director General - Director for Logistics of JSC" SUEK "Denis Ilatovsky.
The production of such cars is planned to be developed also due to state support measures. In February 2018, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree on granting state subsidies to organizations that provide services related to railway rolling stock to recover part of the costs of purchasing a freight car fleet. The subsidy will be provided per unit of equipment in the amount of 450 thousand rubles. and 350 thousand rubles. depending on the technical characteristics of the wagons - with the load 27 and 25 t per axle. In total, the federal budget for this year for the implementation of this mechanism of state support provides 2 billion rubles.
However, the regular circulation of innovative cars at the Baikal-Amur Mainline is difficult today, primarily on the technical condition of man-made structures. On the highway there are more 140 bridges with the restriction of the speed of trains with cars loading 25 t per axle and higher.
According to preliminary forecasts, the annual total volume of transfer and unloading of cargoes on the Far East Railroad will exceed 2025 million tons by 300 year. For comparison, last year this figure amounted to 137 million tons. Accordingly, there will be a shortage of carrying capacity, which could be minimized by increasing the weights of trains . In general, to remove barriers on the Far Eastern road, it is proposed to send 2025 billion rubles to 124,8. Now proposals are being formed for the second stage of the program for the development of the Eastern range, which will be submitted to the final consideration of the government of the Russian Federation.
The fact that this issue is important is evidenced by the decision taken the day before by the Russian government to expand the free port regime to the territory of Sovetskaya Gavan. The status of a free port will allow starting projects in addition to those being implemented today in neighboring Vanino, which means that the growth of traffic in this direction will noticeably increase. Let us recall that when Sovgavan planned to organize a special port zone, LLC Sovetsko-Gavanskiy Sea Commercial Port intended to act as its residents with a terminal project for transshipment of 7 million tons of iron ore per year, LLC Sea Port Novaya Sovetskaya Gavan with a project for a complex for transshipment of up to 6 million tons of container, grain cargo and fish products, Remstal LLC and Terminal Black LLC with projects of oil depots with a capacity of 10 million and 0,4 million tons, respectively.