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Vladivostok is crucified in the Far East

Vanino, Korsakov, Petropavlovsk and Pevek "covered" with the law on the Freeport Vladivostok

The draft law "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On Territories of Advanced Social and Economic Development in the Russian Federation "and the Federal Law" On the Free Port of Vladivostok "was adopted this week at the final meeting by the State Duma deputies. According to it, the Free Port regime will be expanded to a number of Far Eastern ports - it will appear in the Khabarovsk Territory (Vaninsky Municipal District), Sakhalin Region (Korsakov City District), Kamchatka Territory (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky), Chukotka Autonomous District (Pevek). In addition, the Free Port of Vladivostok itself has been expanded to include one district - Lazovsky.

Vladivostok is crucified in the Far East
As the EastRussia correspondent was told at the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, in order to extend the Free Port regime to Chukotka, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk and Sakhalin, the developers went the simple way - they simply supplemented the existing law “On the Free Port of Vladivostok” with new territories. Accordingly, from the point of view of the law, the regime that “covers” the Far Eastern ports is not just identical to the Free Port of Vladivostok - this is the very regime applied in different territories. Accordingly, in the entire Free Port, which, in addition to the regions of the South of Primorye, now includes the municipalities of the Khabarovsk and Kamchatka Territories, the Sakhalin Region and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, there will be all those things that are currently provided for by the Free Port of Vladivostok - round-the-clock regime at checkpoints, simplified visa regime, regime of a free customs zone for residents. In turn, residents of the new free ports will receive the same tax preferences and administrative benefits as residents of the FPV. And, in theory, they will be called residents of the Free Port of Vladivostok, only actually located in Petropavlovsk, Pevek, Korsakov or Vanino.

At the same time, it was noticed in Minvostokrazvitiya that all the peculiarities of control over the passage of persons, vehicles, cargo, goods and animals at the Freeport of Vladivostok border crossing points, will be applied only at the checkpoints located on the territories of the municipal entities of Primorsky Krai. These features will not be distributed in the territories of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Kamchatka Territory, the Sakhalin Region, and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.

Let us remind you that the talk about expanding the free port regime to key Far Eastern ports went immediately after the entry into force of the law on the Free Port of Vladivostok. The authorities of the Sakhalin Region, Kamchatka and Khabarovsk Territories came up with initiatives to create Free Ports in their regions. And now the time is not far off when the Far East will be replete with various tax and administrative privileges in its key ports. Meanwhile, in the business community today, on the whole, they have a positive attitude towards such state support, distributed by the federal center in the Far East.

"All Far Eastern TOPs and Free Ports can be easily summarized in a single table, which will simply be full of real benefits from the use of these models by business. One of them is the legal opportunity to pay less taxes. No, the taxes existing in Russia today cannot be called too high," but only a stupid leader currently neglects the possibility of their preferential payment, - says Dionis Vasiliev, Deputy Director General of NEO Center JSC, in a conversation with EastRussia. - Thus, now it is absolutely possible to say that all the measures that are provided for by the Free Ports and TOPami is a significant support for Far Eastern producers from the state.That is why the initiators and investors of the project for the production of planed and profiled sawn timber in the Khabarovsk Territory, selected in the past by the state to support its infrastructure, decided to build their next wood processing enterprise in the zoo. not a port, which, in their opinion, should also become free. "

According to Dionis Vasiliev, since Russian manufacturers today are more and more tied for export, then, accordingly, it is more convenient and profitable for them to organize their production in the port and port territories, and not near raw materials. “Initially, we planned to locate our future large sawmill near raw materials. But after careful calculations and analysis of all the possible advantages of having a small distance from the free port, we realized that it was completely inexpedient to be guided by the location of the new production for raw materials,” explained Dionis Vasiliev.

At the same time, the expert noted that each of the two types of state support - TOP and FPV - has its own specifics. "The functioning of the TOP is good for helping processing enterprises - producing products with high added value. While the Free Port regime is important for shippers - those companies that form the goods. Manufacturers - only indirectly, and those of them who are located deep inside one or other Far Eastern region - to a small extent, "- said Dionis Vasiliev.

For their part, in the business environment with the EastRussia correspondent, they shared skeptical opinions. For example, the management of the UMP OPKH "Zarechnoye" company, operating in the Kamchatka Territory, responds to the appearance of the Free Port in it as follows: "No new tax and administrative benefits in the ports of the region will be of great interest to local business until then. until the railroad delivery of Kamchatka cargoes across Russia is improved - all those acute problems have been resolved with Russian Railways, due to which it is currently incurring serious losses. For example, all the necessary rolling stock will not be provided in full. "

At the same time, the company added that in any case, since most of the producers of the Kamchatka Territory do not work for export, but for the Russian market, so the appearance of the Freeport will not be of great importance for them.

In turn, in the expert community there are positive assessments of the distribution of Free Ports in the Far East.

"All that is provided by the Free Port regime is a serious privilege for investors who are going to implement their projects on the territory of its distribution," said Elena Zaostrovskikh, a junior researcher in the regional and global transport infrastructure sector of the Institute of Economic Research of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. "For example, such as the possibility of customs clearance of goods, as well as the provision of benefits for port operators, will inevitably entail a reduction in the cost of calls, and easing the visa regime for foreigners for up to eight days is an increase in the interest of foreign investors in the Far East" .

In general, the spread of the Vladivostok Free Port regime to new territories in the Far East was much more calm than the initial formation of this regime. Recall, a year ago around the law were quite sharp discussions. "Undoubtedly, the developers to some extent" cheated ", simply adding new territories to the current law - shared with EastRussia one of the experts. - The formula in order to allow the "grow" to Free Vladivostok throughout the Far East, of course, ensured the speed of decision-making and the comparative ease of administrative approvals. However, now Minvostokrazvitiya will find it difficult to provide individual "configuration" of Free Ports - by law this is all one zone. And from the point of view of increasing the effectiveness of such a setting, maybe, and would not hurt. "

Vlad Verevkin

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