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Vladivostok is crucified in the Far East

Vanino, Korsakov, Petropavlovsk and Pevek "covered" with the law on the Freeport Vladivostok

The bill "On Amendments to the Federal Law" On the Territories of Advanced Social and Economic Development in the Russian Federation "and the Federal Law" On the Free Port of Vladivostok "was adopted this week at the final meeting by the deputies of the State Duma, according to which the regime of the Freeport will be expanded to a number of Far Eastern ports - it will appear in the Khabarovsk Territory (Vanino Municipal District), the Sakhalin Region (Korsakovsky City District), the Kamchatka Territory (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky), the Chukchi Autonomous Area mnom District (Pevek) Besides, the free port of Vladivostok is extended to the territory of another district -. Lazovsky.

Vladivostok is crucified in the Far East
As EastRussia correspondent was told in Minvostokrazvitiya, for the distribution of the Free Port regime to Chukotka, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk and Sakhalin, the developers went in a simple way - they simply added the new law "On the Free Port of Vladivostok" with new territories. Accordingly, from the legal point of view, the regime that the Far Eastern ports "cover" is not just identical to the Freeport of Vladivostok - this is the same regime applied in different territories. Accordingly, all the things that are currently provided for by the Free Port of Vladivostok-the 24-hour regime at the checkpoints, the simplified visa-will appear in the entire Freeport, which, in addition to the areas of the South of Primorye, now includes the municipalities of the Khabarovsk and Kamchatka Territories, the Sakhalin Region and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug regime, free customs zone regime for residents. In turn, residents of the new port-franco will receive the same tax preferences and administrative benefits as the residents of the SPV. Yes, and be called, in theory, they will be residents of the Free Port of Vladivostok, only actually located in Petropavlovsk, Pevek, Korsakov or Vanino.

At the same time, it was noticed in Minvostokrazvitiya that all the peculiarities of control over the passage of persons, vehicles, cargo, goods and animals at the Freeport of Vladivostok border crossing points, will be applied only at the checkpoints located on the territories of the municipal entities of Primorsky Krai. These features will not be distributed in the territories of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Kamchatka Territory, the Sakhalin Region, and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.

Recall that the issue of expanding the regime of the free port to key Far Eastern ports went right after the entry into force of the law on the Free Port of Vladivostok. The initiatives of the Free Ports in their regions were made by the authorities of the Sakhalin Region, Kamchatka and Khabarovsk Territories. And now it is not far off that time when the Far East will abound with a variety of tax and administrative benefits in its key ports. Meanwhile, in the business community today, on the whole, they are generally positive about such state support distributed by the federal center in the Far East.

"All the Far Eastern TORs and Free ports can easily be brought together in a single table, which will simply be covered with real benefits from the use of these models by business.One of them is a legal opportunity to pay less taxes.No, taxes existing in Russia can not be called overstated, But only a stupid leader now neglects the possibility of their preferential payment, "says Dionis Vasiliev, deputy general director of JSC NEO Center, in conversation with EastRussia. It can be precisely stated that all the measures envisaged by the Free Ports and TORs are a significant support for the Far Eastern producers from the state.This is why the initiators and investors of the project for the production of planed and profiled sawn timber in the Khabarovsk Territory, selected in the past by the state to support its infrastructure, Decided to build their next timber processing enterprise in the port area, which, according to them, should also become free. "

According to Dionis Vasiliev, since Russian producers are now more and more tied up for export, it is more convenient and more profitable for them to organize their production in the port and port areas, and not near the raw materials, respectively. "We planned to locate our future large sawmill initially near the raw material, but after careful calculations and analysis of all the possible advantages of having a short distance from the free port, we realized that it's completely inappropriate to orientate ourselves in the location of the new production for raw materials," explained Dionis Vasiliev.

At the same time, the expert noted that each of the two types of state support - TOP and SPV - differs in its specificity. "The functioning of the TOP is good for manufacturing enterprises - producing products with high added value, while the Free Port regime is important for shippers - those companies that form cargoes, but manufacturers only indirectly, and those who are located deep inside that or other Far Eastern region - to a small extent, "- explained Dionys Vasilyev.

For their part, in a business environment with an EastRussia correspondent they shared skeptical opinions. For example, the management of the company ZMPH "Zarechnoye", operating in the territory of the Kamchatka Territory, regarding the appearance of the Free Port in it: "No new tax and administrative benefits in the ports of the region will be of great interest to local businesses until then , until the rail transportation of Kamchatka cargoes through Russia is improved - all the acute problems with which RZD is currently suffering serious losses are solved with RZhD, for example, it will not begin to be fully provided Entire necessary rolling stock. "

At the same time, the company added that in any case, since most of the producers of the Kamchatka Territory do not work for export, but for the Russian market, so the appearance of the Freeport will not be of great importance for them.

In turn, in the expert community there are positive assessments of the distribution of Free Ports in the Far East.

"All that is provided by the Free Port regime is a serious privilege for investors who are going to implement their projects on the territory of its distribution," said Elena Zaostrovskikh, a junior researcher in the regional and global transport infrastructure sector of the Institute of Economic Research of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. "For example, such as the possibility of customs clearance of goods, as well as the provision of benefits for port operators, will inevitably entail a reduction in the cost of calls, and easing the visa regime for foreigners for up to eight days is an increase in the interest of foreign investors in the Far East" .

In general, the spread of the Vladivostok Free Port regime to new territories in the Far East was much more calm than the initial formation of this regime. Recall, a year ago around the law were quite sharp discussions. "Undoubtedly, the developers to some extent" cheated ", simply adding new territories to the current law - shared with EastRussia one of the experts. - The formula in order to allow the "grow" to Free Vladivostok throughout the Far East, of course, ensured the speed of decision-making and the comparative ease of administrative approvals. However, now Minvostokrazvitiya will find it difficult to provide individual "configuration" of Free Ports - by law this is all one zone. And from the point of view of increasing the effectiveness of such a setting, maybe, and would not hurt. "

Vlad Verevkin

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