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Vladimir Putin inside and out
About what and how the Russian leader at the WEF conferred with subordinates and fellow presidents
For three days in Vladivostok, Russian President Vladimir Putin managed to hold a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council with local officials and a plenary session of the Eastern Economic Forum with leaders of four Asian countries: China, Japan, South Korea and Mongolia. EastRussia compared the tone of communication between the Russian president and his subordinates and the heads of partner states.
All the key officials of the Russian government and the Far Eastern regions, Vladimir Putin, by tradition, gathered for a meeting of the State Council presidium on the eve of the Eastern Economic Forum (WEF). The meeting was devoted to measures to implement the so-called "new May decree" of the president, which appeared immediately after the elections. The Far East to fulfill the ambitious goals set by the country's leader in front of the whole of Russia, as already written by EastRussia, will not be easy for a number of reasons. One of them - the outflow of population from the region continues, the president stated, opening the Presidium of the State Council.
"The conclusion is clear: people do not like the current conditions for life, the Far East is still behind, there are still many problems, of course, low housing, high-quality health care, education, communications, lack of modern cultural and sports facilities, poor transport accessibility , lag in the improvement of cities and towns, "- listed the main Far Eastern problems Vladimir Putin. "The foreseeing development of the Far East is a task of national scale, I have repeatedly said this, we should act actively, with full dedication, do not delay, do not dilute the content of decisions already taken," he called.
The leader of the Kolyma Sergey Nosov, who took the floor first, spoke about the "sick" one: health care: the regions are forced to finance the activities of over-standard medical institutions because of the position of the Ministry of Health, but the Ministry of Finance recognizes this as an unjustified expense, in remote settlements there are not enough personnel, and exit brigades are not a panacea . Then he moved on to housing (there is no special mortgage product for the Far East, they do not build housing for public employees) and personnel (institutes do not train specialists who are needed by the economy), the governor enumerated. And in the end, he formulated the main idea: "a fundamental decision to achieve an average Russian level in all regions of the Far East must be accomplished," but "taking into account the Far East specifics."
The thesis on the specificity of the Far East was developed on specific examples by the head of Minsk region Alexander Kozlov. So, the support of the Ministry of Transport for repairing roads in the regions will extend only to administrative centers and cities with a population of over 200 thousand people, the minister recalled, excluding from support recipients all Far Eastern cities that are not the capitals of the subjects of the Russian Federation, except Komsomolsk-on-Amur (250 thousand people). "Our proposal to take into account in the national project, having in mind the specifics of the region, the cities of the Far East with a population of 50 thousand people to 200 thousand people.This will allow us to include an additional seven cities, and we have only 16, the other nine have already become regional centers economic growth, "- suggested Alexander Kozlov.
The second example of the minister concerned health care, which, according to a number of subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, is underfunded by the federal center because of the method used by the Ministry of Health for the distribution of subventions. Funds from the MHIF are allocated taking into account the cost-of-service index, but based on the values in the range from 1 to 3, whereas in the four regions of the DFO, the coefficient is significantly higher: in Chukotka - 13, Kamchatka - 5,3, Kolyma - 4,8, Yakutia - 4,5. "Specificity of the Far East at such rates is simply not visible, as a result of such a restrictive approach, four Far Eastern regions annually receive less than 13 billion rubles, according to regions estimates, while the mortality of the able-bodied population is above the Russian average for these regions," explained Alexander Kozlov , proposing to make changes in the method of distribution of MHIF funds.
"Another acute issue on housing problems is the condition of the housing and communal complex in the Far East.The actual cost per square meter in the district, according to Rosstat, is much higher than the standard set by the Ministry of Construction, which leads to the fact that federal housing programs in the Far East are underfinanced - The minister continued: - I can give an example: there was an order for Komsomolsk-on-Amur to build 10 thousand square meters of housing.The cost was brought, according to the order of the Ministry of Construction, to 35 thousand rubles per square The actual cost is 48 thousand .This has not been built yet. "
Alexander Kozlov called his colleagues from the Ministry of Construction "to take the real price of a square meter." A little later, the head of the Ministry of Construction Vladimir Yakushev promised to reassess the "square" for all 85 subjects of the Russian Federation until 1 January 2019, and the president instructed him "to do it in the Far East faster." In addition, added Alexander Kozlov, the construction of standard facilities due to a limited construction season in the Far East takes three years, and most of the FTP requires building facilities in two.
Separately, Roman Kopin, Governor of Chukotka, mentioned the techniques. Since this year, he reminded, payments began for the third child, but only for subjects of the Russian Federation with an unfavorable demographic situation, and also for those where the birth rate does not exceed 1-2. Chukotka, where the value of the corresponding coefficient is more than 2, does not fall under the program, than Roman Kopin was dissatisfied. "This measure is necessary because it is support for families, especially in the conditions of the Far North.Therefore, we ask you to consider and support the change in the existing methodology when paying to a third child at the expense of the federal budget in the subjects of the Far East," the Chukchi head suggested.
"It's necessary to revise the entire methodology or make an exception for the north, but we are hardly ready to reconsider the entire methodology, because serious budget expenditures will be incurred, to which the budget is not ready today." As for the north, I think you can think about it, "Vladimir Putin promised. . "Maybe then something is addressed?" asked the governor. "Let's work on it. We'll write in the instructions to work out the issue," the president agreed.
THREE BRIDGES, TWO SHIPS AND BILLIONS OF SUBSIDIES
Sakhalin Governor Oleg Kozhemyako, listing the achievements of the region in the "social network", asked the president about only two measures: "to create in the Far East a modern international medical cluster with the best equipment and highly qualified specialists", and to make a decision to build a Sakhalin-Mainland railway crossing. "We have an opportunity to exchange opinions, but I would like to listen first to my colleagues from the government." Let's start with transport, "Vladimir Putin suggested in response and gave the floor to the head of the relevant ministry, Yevgeny Dietrich.
The report from Mr. Dietrich turned out so optimistic that after the official had finished, the president asked Yury Trutnev, deputy prime minister and envoy for the Far East: "Yuri Petrovich, what of the problematic issues in this part, in terms of transport?". He immediately oriented himself, reminding the head of state that subsidized tickets for air travel in the Far East "usually end within a week, and from other regions we take unused subsidies." "Therefore, in general, it seems to me that the Ministry of Transport has something to do, than to work out," the deputy prime minister said.
"No, what does it mean, what is there to do than work out, specifically, what needs to be done?" asked the president. "We have to allocate this money to the subjects, there are only three of them: Kaliningrad, Crimea and the Far East, we just need to write by the years: 2019, 2020 and 2021, as far as the Far East," suggested Yury Trutnev. Yevgeny Dietrich explained that 59% of the total funds is set aside for the Far East, to which Yury Trutnev proposed to "raise the standard", and Vladimir Putin - "to increase subsidies, that's all."
But Yuri Trutnev was not everything. He recalled that the president instructed the Ministry of Transport "to submit proposals for the construction of a cargo and passenger vessel for the organization of communications between the Kamchatka Peninsula and the ports of Sakhalin and the Magadan Region," funds for the two ships were reserved in the corresponding state program, but "proposals for redistribution of funds are not supported by the Ministry of Economic Development." Vladimir Putin appealed to the head of the department Makim Oreshkin with a brief question: "What's the problem?". "I simply do not know the problem," Yuriy Petrovich (Trutnev, EastRussia), "we'll figure it out," the minister replied. "You came to a meeting on the Far East, you should be aware of this problem, I ask you to find out and report separately," the president instructed.
Maxim Oreshkin with the instructions of the head of state coped quickly: he soon asked for the words and explained that he "found out what the problem". "When Yuri Petrovich had a meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, he instructed the cost of these ferries to be reduced. Now the amount that is not in the budget is present in the application that we are provided with, and there is no justification, so we do not agree on it." Rosmorrechflot "was instructed Yuri Petrovich, and it is not fulfilled, "the minister reported. "We must fulfill," the president said. Thus, the extreme in the situation was Rosmorrechflot, ignoring the instructions of the Far Eastern vice-premier.
Yuri Trutnev tried immediately to settle another problem: in 2019, two cross-border bridges across the Amur should be completed in the Far East, and the president instructed in 2018 to allocate funds for checkpoints in the Far Eastern Federal District. But the order is not executed, and as a result "bridges will stand, but it will not be possible to transport them on them without checkpoints." Deputy Prime Minister Anton Siluanov explained that 11,9 billion rubles. at 13 checkpoints in the Far East will soon be highlighted. "But in 2019 they will not be, and bridges will be built, they will be in 2021, most likely," Yuri Trutnev retorted. "Let's distribute it then," surrendered Anton Siluanov.
I ask you to pay attention to this: if the bridge is ready, but there will be no checkpoints, it will be empty, it will not be used, it's just ridiculous .You need to look and redistribute the money so that everything was ready to be exploited, and you know, they'll laugh at us. "What, we froze money, it turns out, we built a bridge, and he will not work, do not pass, we can not pass on it, why did we build it? This and the list of instructions should be noted, "- said Vladimir Putin.
At the same time, no one, unfortunately, remembered another similar incident: in 2013, near Khabarovsk, a bridge was built on the Russian part of the Great Ussuri island that is still idle - a checkpoint at a natural site flooded five years ago in the course of the floods on the Amur, until it appeared.
Opening the plenary session of the Eastern Economic Forum, which was also attended by the heads of four Asian states - President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping, Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, President of Mongolia Khaltmaagiin Battulga, Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea Lee Nak Yong, - Vladimir Putin exuded optimism about development Of the Far East. Not a trace of the numerous problems discussed the day before at the Presidium of the State Council leaked into the opening remarks of the Russian leader. The only thing he allowed himself was to mention "the demographic and social, economic and infrastructural problems of the Far East region accumulated for decades," which "cannot be solved immediately." “But we must do it, we will do it and we will do it without fail,” Vladimir Putin assured.
"The development of the Far East is an unconditional priority for us. I repeat, this is a consistent, long-term policy. Our efforts are aimed at creating here in the dynamically growing Asia-Pacific region a powerful center for international cooperation and integration, business and investment activity, education, science and culture. The creation of such a center is primarily in the interests of the citizens of Russia, the Far East, their well-being, so that people can fully realize themselves, "the Russian president said.
"In general, for sustainable development, we need to ensure stability, peace and security in the APR. It is important to prevent the emergence of new conflicts and to resolve long-standing disputes only through dialogue. We are convinced that our region can continue to achieve high growth rates and remain a key participant in the global economy. and trade, it must preserve the spirit of economic freedom, be a space for business initiative - without sanctions, prohibitions, political bias, "he said.
The foreign guests supported the generally cheerful mood of the Russian leader. The head of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping said that Vladivostok, during the eight years he was not here, "acquired a completely new look," Blagoveshchensk is approaching the "harvest season" of Chinese-Russian cooperation on the development of the Far East. " "We are ready, together with all parties, to continuously strengthen solidarity and mutual trust in order to find an effective way to maintain long-term peace and tranquility in Northeast Asia, to make unremitting efforts to promote peace, stability and development in the region," he said.
"Mongolia plans to conduct transit traffic through the territories of its neighbors and enter the world market using their seaports. To this end, the parliament of our country adopted a strategy for the development of railway transport in 2010. This strategy is now being very successfully implemented. Signing in June this year, Mongolia -Russian intergovernmental agreement on the conditions for the transit of goods by rail was a big step. In addition, such important documents as an intergovernmental agreement on access to the sea and transit traffic through the territory of China, an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in transit transport by rail were signed with the People's Republic of China, " - said the President of Mongolia Khaltmaagiin Battulga.
"We are working on the creation of a Mongolian-Russian-Chinese economic corridor. During our meetings in Qingdao with President Putin and Chairman Xi Jinping, we discussed the issue of starting work on specific projects under this program. We are ready to cooperate on the construction of a gas pipeline from Russia to China through the territory of Mongolia, "the Mongolian leader said. Vladimir Putin reacted to this immediately: “As for the transport infrastructure, Russia owns 50% of the Ulan Bator railway, and partners on both sides have good plans to develop this infrastructure. We have worked with both our Chinese friends and Mongolian friends on the possibility of routes for deliveries of hydrocarbons through Mongolian territory. There are also issues and proposals that really deserve support in the electric power industry. This is all in progress. "
WORLD HERE AND NOW
Shinzo Abe began by saying that he would like to see Japan in the near future as "some kind of giant dot-connector". He called on Asian leaders "to swear that we will continue to speak with North Korea with one voice, in unison, from one position, so that it can follow the path of this hopeful future." He assured that the agreements reached with Vladimir Putin in 2016 in Nagato are "being consistently implemented." "The plan of bilateral cooperation, which we agreed on with President Putin, already includes more than 150 projects. More than half of them are already being implemented or are at the stage when they are about to be implemented," the Japanese prime minister said.
Nevertheless, Shinzo Abe allowed himself to be the first to move away from the extremely optimistic tone of his speeches at the WEF plenary session, recalling the problems between Japan and China, and then between Japan and Russia. "Despite the fact that there are unique opportunities between our countries, which almost never exist between the other two countries, obstacles to their full implementation still remain. Ladies and gentlemen, I repeat, this is precisely the fact that both countries have not yet concluded a peace treaty, "he said.
As soon as the Russian-Japanese peace treaty is concluded, the Kuril Islands "will turn into a symbol of Japanese-Russian cooperation and open up favorable opportunities as a logistics hub, a stronghold," the Sea of Japan will become a "logistics highway", and the "last ones" will be removed from Northeast Asia. remnants of the post-war landscape, "said the Japanese prime minister. "Mr. President Putin, let us once again reaffirm our determination, our intentions in front of numerous witnesses, in front of our entire audience. If we do not do this now, then when? If we do not do this, then who will do it besides us? Let's get together. go ahead, asking yourself these questions always, "he urged.
Vladimir Putin, in response to Shinzo Abe's speech, said that he had just had a thought. “So this is the idea that came to my mind: let's conclude a peace treaty - not now, but before the end of the year - without any preconditions. And then on the basis of this peace treaty, as friends, we will continue to resolve all controversial issues. Of course, it seems to me that it would make it easier for us to solve all the problems that we have not been able to cope with for 70 years. "
The audience cheered for the Russian president, but Shinzo Abe said nothing. Therefore, at the end of the plenary session, Vladimir Putin returned to his idea, saying: "I was not joking about concluding an agreement without any preconditions. You can immediately write in this agreement that we will strive to resolve all issues and, I am sure, someday we will do it. We need to remove everything that hinders us to build relations. Well, if this does not fit, we agreed with Prime Minister Abe that we will work together to organize our joint economic activities for islands ".
Finally, Korean Prime Minister Lee Nak Young devoted a significant part of his speech to the current projects between South Korea and Russia, as well as the future of North Korean settlement. He recalled that on August 15, Korean President Moon Jae In "proposed to create a railway community in East Asia with the participation of Korea, Russia, China, Japan and Mongolia." "This time I came by plane, but next time I want to come by train to Vladivostok, and for this I ask the leaders to help make this dream come true," the Korean prime minister said.
Against the backdrop of the absence of a peace treaty between Russia and Japan, although there are so many and persistently talking about it, the train between Russia and South Korea through the DPRK, about the normalization of relations with which everyone has just started talking, looks not so unrealistic.