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Visa simplification stopped in the step from switching on
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has designated a new term for the beginning of the work of an electronic visa for entry to the Free Port of Vladivostok, this time 8 August
On the first day of August, many Russian politicians related to the Far East emitted a serious visa optimism to the media space: since that date, an electronic 8-day visa officially started, which can be obtained right at the border, driving into the territory where it operates the free port mode of Vladivostok (SPV). You do not need to go to the consulate and pay something: it’s enough to submit an application on the website of the consular department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs four days before the visit. “The Far East of Russia includes electronic green light for friends and guests from 18 countries of the world, it’s almost 1 / 3 of the world's population, more than 2 billion people! This certainly increases interest, accessibility and mobility in visiting our country,” For example, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Irina Yarovaya.
The Law on the Free Port of Vladivostok, adopted in 2015, assumed that the specifics of the entry of foreign citizens into the territory of the PWV would be spelled out in the changes that were to be introduced into the basic law No. XXUMX-FZ "On the procedure for leaving the Russian Federation and entering the Russian Federation." “Our goal is to launch a simplified visa entry regime from 114 July 1 on the first two checkpoints: at Vladivostok International Airport and at the Sea Passenger Terminal of Vladivostok,” said Alexander Galushka, Minister for Development of the Far East, at the beginning of 2016. However, at the beginning of 2016, he no longer recalled that at the stage of drafting the law on the Free Port, it was proposed to make the entry into the free port simply visa-free, and not simplified.
In order to make the simplified visa regime work for the second Eastern Economic Forum (the participants of which, we note, since 2015 have the right to visa-free entry to Russia for the period of the event by a special presidential decree), the ministry developed not only a draft amendment to federal laws, but And the draft government decree. The document proposed to introduce simplified visas for 1 July 2016 year in Vladivostok, and then, to 1 April - at the railway border crossing point "Pogranichny", automobile checkpoints "Pogranichny" and "Kraskino". By 1 May 2017 year to admit to Russia by electronic visa had to start at the car checkpoints "Markovo", "Poltavka", "Turiy Rig", railway "Mahalino", "Hasan", offshore "Vostochny", "Zarubino" "Nakhodka", "Olga", "Plastun", "Poset", "Slavyanka".
This draft government decree, however, was never meant to be adopted. The cabinet of ministers decided to go the other way - first to amend the legislation. Harmonization of changes in federal laws, as it often happens, was delayed. As a result, a simplified visa was not seen in 2016 year, as the legislation was corrected only in March of the year 2017 - then the FZ-28 was adopted, which amended the 114 Law, Law No.115-FZ "On the Legal Status of Foreign Citizens in the Russian Federation" and the law on the Freeport of Vladivostok itself. With an important nuance: the government was granted the right to approve the procedure for issuing electronic visas by a separate resolution, and by order - a list of countries with which the simplified regime will operate.
The order came out on 14 on April 2017 of the year, pretty surprising everyone interested. The fact that the document gives a reason for surprise was probably understood by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, who, at a meeting with the Deputy Prime Ministers, commented on it this way: “The list includes 18 states from different regions. For obvious reasons, on the basis of reciprocity. Not because these states closer or further, namely the principle of reciprocity acts: with those who are ready to apply to us with the same approach, we, accordingly, conclude bilateral agreements on visa-free travel. "
So, the “lucky ones” who can take advantage of the simplified regime for a trip to SPV: Algeria, Bahrain, Brunei, India, Iran, Qatar, People’s Republic of China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Morocco, Mexico, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Tunisia, Turkey, Japan. Everything.
The list puts a definite diagnosis of the current geopolitical situation. In the list - only one country from the "big seven". Or seven countries from the "big twenty". Or two countries from 10 ASEAN states. Or only six economies of 21, part of APEC. There is only one state on the list, where Christianity is the prevailing religion. And 12 Muslim countries. Only seven countries belong to a sustainable understanding of the Asia-Pacific region. At the same time 11 countries (most) are the Persian Gulf and the north of Africa.
It can be argued that the Free Port Vladivostok regime is not at all comprehensive. At the moment, it extends to the 21 municipality in five regions of the Far East. These are the key ports of the southern Primorye, including Vladivostok and Knevichi Airport, Vaninsky district in the Khabarovsk Territory, Korsakov urban district and Uglegorsk district on Sakhalin, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Pevek on Chukotka. At the end of June, the Ministry of Development and Development introduced a draft law to the government to extend the regime to the international airports of Khabarovsk and Elizovo on Kamchatka, as well as to the Soviet-Gavansky municipal district.
At the same time, a simplified visa may not reach at all points of the Free Port. According to the new version of the chronology of implementation, by 1 August 2017, e-visas should begin to apply at the airport Knevichi and in the seaport of Vladivostok. By January 1 2018 - on the railway points "Pogranichny", "Hasan", "Makhalino", automobile "Poltavka", "Turii Rog", sea "Zarubino", "Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky", "Korsakov", "Posit". To start using simplified visas to the sea port of Nakhodka and through the border checkpoints "Pogranichny" and "Kraskino" will begin no earlier than "the completion of construction (reconstruction) within the framework of the federal target" The State Border of the Russian Federation (2012 - 2021 years) ". And in all other paragraphs - “as they are equipped with appropriate software and hardware complexes based on decisions of the Government of the Russian
Thus, the Ministry of Transport should provide the appropriate equipment with checkpoints in the list above so that they can interact with a unified system of migration and registration, as well as the manufacture, processing and control of the circulation of identity documents (the Mir system). There, the Foreign Ministry will enter information on issued electronic visas, for which foreign citizens should apply to the website of the consular department of the ministry (we will return to it). But the system will not work without the efforts of several other agencies. The Ministry of Communications and Mass Communications and the FSB should "develop the departmental segments of the Mir system until 1 August 2017," the Ministry of Internal Affairs - until 1 December 2018.
This is also important: it turns out that before the end of this year and almost all the next in the police simply can not check through a single database, a foreign citizen has an electronic visa or not.
In other respects, the accepted order presupposes in general a simple scheme. The foreigner sends an application for a visa with a photo through the Foreign Ministry website. The Ministry in case of making a positive decision on the application within two days unloads information about this in the "World" - in its departmental segment of the system. For two days, the information should be transferred to the departmental segment of the FSB, and from there to the checkpoints. To a foreigner, however, these subtleties are not important: on the Foreign Ministry's website, within two days there should be a visa refusal or within four days - a notice of its provision. As a downloadable PDF-file. It must be printed and presented to the carrier company and border guards along with the identity document. And also to have medical insurance and tickets or their reservation confirming departure from the Russian Federation within the subject of entry.
Everything seems to be very clear.
Next, the features of law enforcement begin, and the first of them did not wait for 1 August.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
A specialized site launched, As announced, 1 August. But the submit button does not work. The inscription on it informs that it will start accepting applications from 8 August.