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Carried out how they build

Why cement transportation in the Far East grows

Sometimes indirect signs indicate the decline or revival of the economy. Some of them seem to be happy: in the Far East, more cement was transported. Have people started to live better from this? Why in the macroregion more cement, found out EastRussia.

Carried out how they build
Photo: Igor Mikhailov
The increase in cement transportation is evidenced by the data of the Far Eastern Railway. During the first half of the year, 589,9 thousand tons were sent from the Far Eastern Railway stations, which exceeds last year's result by 17,6%, while in general, according to the network of Russian Railways, there was a decline in this nomenclature in January-June: 12,5 million tons of cement products were shipped, which is 1,4% less Than a year earlier. Last year, the opposite tendency was observed: the shipment of cement along the Far Eastern Railway was reduced to the previous period by 3,5% - to 1,1 million tons.

Transportation of cement products is carried out by various modes of transport, depending on geography, delivery times, location of the suppliers themselves. In addition, the dynamics of production by enterprises are still different. So, "Spasskcement" for six months produced 770 thousand tons of cement. This is an increase of 12% over the same period last year. In turn, Yakutcement reduced the output of the finished product by almost 8% - up to 126,5 thousand tons. The main production of the "Teploozersky Cement Plant", which produced 73,1 thousand tons of cement, was the most severe, down almost 30% less than a year ago. According to the manager of the company Evgeny Sysoev, the lack of large projects, which the manufacturer is mainly oriented towards, affected.

Nevertheless, during the recent visit to the Teploozersky plant, the Governor of the EAO Alexander Levintal was optimistic about its further loading. "Construction of industrial facilities, transport facilities, other infrastructure will create demand for the enterprise's products," he said. According to statistics, in the construction sector in the EAO since the beginning of the year there has been a noticeable revival. In the first half of the year, the volume of construction work exceeded last year's level by almost 80%, reaching 3,5 billion rubles. At the same time, in June, it actually doubled.

Another region where the industry is on the rise is Primorye. In January-June, 17,1 billion rubles were spent on construction projects carried out by organizations of all forms of ownership. The growth was 17%. As a result, according to Primorskstat data, the output of reinforced concrete structures and parts (by 22%), cement and mortar (by 18%), of ready-mixed concrete (by 15%) increased in the region.

At the same time, the statistics on housing construction is negative. In the Khabarovsk Territory, where residential buildings with a total area of ​​71,4 thousand square meters have been introduced. M, the decline was 21% to the level of 2016 year, in the EAO (14,6 thousand sq. M.) - by 44,3%. In Primorye in quantitative terms, housing is more (129,2 thousand square meters), but this is still a quarter less than last year's result. The decline is also indicated by data on the reduction in the Primorsky Krai of brick, technological chips, parquet, window and door blocks.

The construction industry of the Far East continues to be supported primarily by infrastructure projects, as well as by new production facilities. Cement is actively shipped to such facilities as the Vostochny Cosmodrome, Nizhne-Bureyskaya Hydroelectric Power Plant, the coal terminal in the Eastern Port, the Zvezda plant in Bolshoy Kamen, the Khabarovsk airport, the railway bridge across the Amur in the vicinity of the village of Nizhneleninskoye, the linear section of the "Siberia Power" "In Yakutia.

About the Republic of Sakha should be said separately. Only river transport for the period of navigation this year in the region need to transport about 50 thousand tons of clinker, 15 thousand tons of cement, and also 30 thousand special plates for the Power of Siberia pipeline. In June, Yakutcement launched the horizontal slime pool - the first project of the cement plant expansion project, located in the village of Mohsogollokh. At the beginning of 2018, there is a plan to launch a new furnace there. At the expense of an additional technological line, the company will be able to increase the annual output of cement to 500 thousand tons. “If earlier 320 thousand tons of cement was enough for Yakutia, today much more is required. Cement will be in demand, ”said Yegor Borisov, head of Yakutia.

Large requirements for building materials, in particular, are associated with plans for the construction of the federal highway "Vilyui" (Vilyuy-Mirny-Irkutsk) with a length of about 3 thousand km. In addition to the road surface proper, bridges and pipes are built here, which will ensure unimpeded passage of flood waters, barrier fences, etc. This year, builders of the road network require 33 thousand tons of cement and other inert materials. To fulfill the order, a part of the production comes from "Yakutcement", the other - is imported from the Jewish Autonomous Region and Primorye. With the expansion of capacity at the plant in the village of Mohsogolloch it is supposed to fully cover the needs of Yakutia with its own product.

It is worth mentioning that cement enterprises today ship not only finished cement, but also other products for the construction industry. For example, the crushing and sorting complex (DSC) of the "Teploozersky Cement Plant" in January-June increased the release of crushed stone by 60% - to 192,6 thousand tons. "DSC started 2017 year with good performance, the production and shipment of ballast ballast is actively proceeding. When the plan for the implementation of 8,6 thousand tons for the first quarter realized 56,2 thousand tons - this is more than the plan in 6,5 times. The main consumer of ballast is the structural divisions of JSCo «Russian Railways», in particular, the Far Eastern and Trans-Baikal Railways, »says director of the DSC of the Teplooozersky Plant Galina Mikasheva.

Due to the modernization of BAM, the production of rubble is developing at the Kuryan plant (its owner is the Bamstroymekhanization company), not far from Tynda. It is used by track engine stations when upgrading the track, as well as by builders when dumping ballast pillows at the new journeys of Glukhariny, Mokhovoy, Moskovsky Komsomolets, Mokhortov, Fedoseev, Ulagir, Tangomen, Gvozdevsky. Also, Kuryan rubble goes to the Lena federal highway.

The rocky ground is in demand in Primorye, where the development of road infrastructure on the directions of Vladivostok-Nakhodka-Vostochny and Zima-South-Razdolnoye-Khasan continues. In particular, "Vladivostok Butoshebenovy Zavod" in the first half of the year produced - 297,8 thousand tons of rubble, which exceeded the last year's volume by one third.

With the new requirements for the road network, high demand among road builders is observed for mineral powder - one of the components for the production of asphalt concrete, which gives the road surface increased strength and resistance to deformation. Not so long ago, it began to be used on Sakhalin (this year 47,8 km of public roads with asphalt concrete are planned to be commissioned in the Sakhalin region), since there is no local production of raw materials on the island, it was supplied from the mainland. A multimodal island delivery scheme was organized. Bulk cargo, which is tared in soft specialized containers, from the factory “Spasskcement” is sent by rail to the port of Vladivostok. Then it is loaded onto a ship and goes by sea to the southern part of Sakhalin, where it is already delivered by cars to the final consumer. Another delivery scheme is also used, but already for the consignees in the north of the island. In this case, the mineral powder follows a direct train connection via the Vanino-Kholmsk ferry to the Sakhalin station Onor.

Currently, the Vostokcement group of companies works with 11 operator companies, with the help of which most of the products are transported by rail - 67% of cement and clinker from Spasskcement and Teploozersk Cement Plant. In addition, the manufacturer of cement products once decided to invest in its own car fleet. At present, Vostokcement has 250 units of its own cement hopper trucks and 164 gondola cars. "Received gondola cars will work in those directions for which the owners (operator companies - EastRussia) refuse to allocate their cars or provide them unevenly, in small numbers and at very high rates," Valery, Deputy General Director of Vostokcement, explained earlier for railway transport Tarabarov. “For example, it is very difficult to ensure in a short time the delivery of shiploads of cement or clinker to the commercial and fishing ports of Vladivostok, where the ships arrive according to a strictly agreed schedule by the appointed date”. According to him, own cars will guarantee uninterrupted delivery of goods to the construction market in the regions of the Far East and not depend on the constant growth of tariffs for gondola cars, especially in the context of their deficit this year.
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