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Khabarovsk Territory: the edge of the Seven Wonders
Seven wonders of the Khabarovsk Territory (although in fact there are, of course, many more)
The Khabarovsk Territory, washed by two seas and two straits, is a land where man exists in absolute harmony with the majestic contrasting nature drowning in the bright heavenly light. It is here that the harsh taiga adjoins the thickets of southern grapes, and the diversity of flora and fauna amazes imagination. More and more tourists are rushing to the east of Russia to touch the mysteries of nature and see the wonders of the Khabarovsk Territory with their own eyes. We will present seven miracles, although in reality there are, of course, many more.
About a hundred years ago, on the banks of the Amur, in the area of the village of Sikachi-Alyan, stone boulders with images carved on them were discovered. Sheremetyevo stones, as they are called, according to scientists, are more than 12 thousand years old. 147 stones, from a distance - ordinary boulders, covered with writing from and to, you can look at them for hours. But what exactly the ancient masters wanted to say with their inscriptions and drawings is still a mystery. These petroglyphs have survived very well, which is explained by the proximity of the historical monument to the border outpost: access here for "outsiders" has always been limited not only by natural conditions, which is rather the norm in the Khabarovsk Territory, but also by the protection activities of the authorities. The main subjects of the "paintings" are hunting and fishing. Among the concentric circles and points one can see images of animals, snakes, birds, masks ...
Fifteen Shantar Islands are located on the outskirts of the Sea of Okhotsk. The climate here is perhaps the most severe in the region. The islands are completely free of ice for only two months a year, and sometimes less. Icebergs are most likely to be seen here in July, and the first snow falls by the end of September. Nature itself protects the infant purity of these places: getting to the islands is very difficult. But if the travelers still decide to overcome all the obstacles, their reward will be great: here numerous tourist groups will not interfere with your rest, you will forget about the noisy crowd at all, you will not see garbage on the sea and on land. There used to be a few whalers on the islands, but now only the employees of the meteorological station. Around only multi-colored, variegated rocks, wild taiga and the sea, living its own, separate life. Probably the most incredible thing is to watch the tide in these places. During low tides, the seabed with all its wealth is exposed for several kilometers. But the tide reaches a height of 7 m with a current speed of 8 knots, and each time it looks like a giant dam burst. The roar of the tide can be heard several kilometers away. The strait between the islands, in which the greatest fluctuations in sea level occur, is not accidentally named Dangerous. Whales now and then pass by the coast, seals feed fat here. There is also something to see on land: rocks of all colors of the rainbow (jasper, marble, malachite emerge from the soil to the surface); fogs like clouds descending to the ground, and the richest fauna. Paradise for photographers! Island landscapes change with the seasons. So, in the summer, steep cliffs drop dozens of waterfalls (by October they cease to be active).
Toki Island is located in the Tatar Strait, between the mainland and Sakhalin Island. Seal seals, or motley seals, spend their leisure time on the island. Their distinctive feature is their unusually light, variegated, spotted fur. Males reach 1,7 m in length, females - 1,6 m. Seal rookeries on Toki Island are so numerous that the sound of the surf is lost behind the roar of animals. Seal seals are very shy and cannot stand human society, so you will have to work hard on camouflage and imperceptible movement on dense grass. But the game is worth the candle! The island is a private nature reserve and is included in the list of specially protected natural sites. Fishing, hunting, shipping and any other economic activities are prohibited in the two-kilometer zone around it. However, tourists are free to visit these places. In recent years, free tours of the island have begun to be held for everyone.
Lighthouse in Sovetskaya Gavan
Today this lighthouse bears the name "Red Partisan" in honor of the forest fighters shot during the Civil War, but its history began in the 1893th century, when the emperor issued a decree on the construction of a lighthouse on Cape St. Nicholas, at the entrance to the bay. The reason for this was the wreck of a steamer in 1896, which lost orientation in the fog and sat on the rocks. The main construction work was carried out in 300, 15 people took part in them - mainly exiles from the island of Sakhalin, as well as hired workers from Japan and Korea. The new lighthouse met all the technological standards of its time: French crystal lenses provided a light intensity of 1945 thousand candles. Incredibly, these same lenses are still in production today. Until 2, there was a match cannon at the lighthouse, which fired the last two volleys on September XNUMX in honor of the victory over Japan.
Until now, scientists can not come to a common opinion about what the nature of this phenomenon is. Whether majestic pillars were sculpted by a man and they were the object of a cult hundreds, thousands or even millions of years ago, either, like the Nikolayev Pillars, they are the result of seismic processes and arose as a result of an instant eruption or displacement of rocks.
The ancient Nanai had their own explanation for the origin of the unusual mountains. According to legend, the daughter of a local shaman, the beautiful Adzi, fell in love with a simple hunter. The father did not consent to the marriage, and the lovers attempted to escape. But the angry shaman rushed in pursuit, turning into a bear. The shaman and the hunter seized life or death, but the girl, equally dear to both men, turned with a fiery prayer to the good spirits, and they stopped time to prevent the murder. So the shaman, the girl and the hunter froze like stone blocks ...
The only thing that contradicts the beautiful legend is that there are actually much more pillars in the valley: they would be enough for a small internecine battle. But an epic is an epic - in every culture there should be a place for its own Romeo and Juliet.
Komsomolsk-on-Amur is the second largest city in the region. It was built in the 30s of the last century by the forces of political prisoners, free-hired citizens and detachments of Komsomol activists from the central regions of the USSR. True, thanks to Soviet propaganda, the role of the first two categories of builders was hidden for many decades, and the city in the middle of the taiga not only became Komsomolsk, but also received an unofficial name - the City of Youth. Today it is one of the largest industrial centers of the Far East, which is based on the enterprises of the military-industrial complex. The city is developing high-tech machine building, oil refining industry, ferrous metallurgy, as well as electric and heat power engineering. During the Soviet period, the city was closed to foreigners, and all enterprises were classified. For example, the Komsomolskoye-on-Amur Aviation Production Association named after Yu. A. Gagarin allegedly produced Kosmos bicycles and furniture, and the Amur Shipyard - furniture and washing machines. The cultural life of Komsomolsk-on-Amur began at the same time, in 1932. It was in the year of the foundation of the city itself that the first local club "Udarnik" was founded - albeit a barrack-type club. Today, you can learn in detail about the history of the city in the Regional Museum. Its employees organize thematic excursions around Komsomolsk, hold seasonal exhibitions, and give lectures.
Annenskaya Mineral Water
Annenskie Mineral Waters is the first resort in the Amur Region, it has been operating since 1866. Today it is a sanatorium where you can have a great rest, as well as undergo a course of treatment with the waters of thermal springs. The temperature in them reaches 53 ° C, the composition is alkaline, slightly mineralized. Those who wish can order mud baths or masks. The indications for treatment are diseases of the joints, peripheral nervous system, skin and gynecological diseases. There is a children's sanatorium and a balneological hospital near the waters. The modern resort was founded in the mid-60s of the last century, but even before the revolution there was a hospital here, in tsarist times - the most popular in the state. At that time, patients and tourists traveled to the "health improvement zone" by steamer along the Amur.