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Vanino brick requests
The story of how the builder turned into a producer of building materials
A large-scale production of building materials was put into operation in the Vaninsky district - a local businessman Vadim Moskvichev opened a brick factory in Toki. His company received the status of a resident of the free port, which will significantly save on taxes, recognizes the entrepreneur. But there are still a lot of problems with the “promotion” of the project, from the debugging of sales to the modernization of existing facilities. On the basis of all his companies, Mr. Moskvichev plans to create a "wheel" to provide all the services and materials needed for any construction.
“It was during the construction of these facilities that we first encountered the wretchedness of the municipal infrastructure, primarily power grids, so we had to build four kilometers of power lines to support our own projects,” says Vadim Moskvichev. - And then it turned out that the delivery of building materials to the village is an extremely costly business, it costs more than the material itself. For example, a brick, which cost 7-8 rubles in Sindh, cost 22 rubles at the Youth House. Naturally, this greatly affected the cost. To meet the norm of 36 thousand rubles per "square", I had to look for alternative solutions. Therefore, the "Youth House" has 48 percent of the building envelope made of glass. This became a Vanino highlight: at night the house just glows. But the high cost of building materials remains a problem. "
The standard scheme, which is currently used in the market for housing construction from brick, explains Vadim Moskvichev, suggests a layer of a basalt insulation, a subsystem and a hinged facade outside the brickwork. In the conditions of Vanino it is too expensive. Therefore, the entrepreneur suggests using a different scheme that will allow you to escape from the hinged structures: build a layer of masonry from hollow bricks, then spread the insulation, and behind it - facing bricks. "Hinged structures in the region are not produced at all, that is, the means for their purchase go from the edge. Weak in quality are imported from China, expensive ones are from Japan, the nearest Russian producer is in Krasnoyarsk, "Vadim Muscovites stresses.
That is how an entrepreneur and the next business idea was born. It is possible to meet the needs of the construction industry of the region in brick through the creation of a new brick factory on the coast, he is sure. “Why in Vanino? First, we will be able to eliminate expensive hinged facades by saving technology, save at least 25 percent and “freeze” the cost of housing construction in the local market. Vatu-insulation will still have to carry from Khabarovsk, but it is light and easy to transport. Brick delivery is expensive, ”he explains.
But the needs of the local market, Vadim Moskvichev assures, the project will not be limited. The need for objects in bricks in the village itself is about 500 thousand pieces per year. Furnace capacity - up to 5,5 million pieces per year. Komsomolsk-on-Amur, where there are no brick factories left at all, is ready to accept Vanino bricks, the entrepreneur claims, up to 2 million pieces a year. For example, the company "Metallurgstroy" is interested in purchasing about 700 thousand pieces of bricks, but it is too early to talk about a contract - first you need to form warehouse stocks. “Sakhalin, Magadan, Kamchatka had an interest - it’s real to bring building materials from us there, we’re a port,” he adds.
It was not easy to go from an idea to a working production, Vadim Moskvichev admits. His company bought out a dilapidated old sawmill, took out a bank loan for 13 million rubles, and issued a license for a clay deposit in Dutta. In fact, about 80 million rubles have already been spent on the preparation of the site and equipment, the entrepreneur estimates. The equipment was purchased in China, the design of the kiln was made by the design institute in Cheboksary. “The furnace was built, but for a long time they could not start it - they tried four times. Each time it turned out better and better. But there was little experience, and even the specialists from Cheboksary failed. It turned out that our clay is refractory, and the sintering temperature needs 1050 degrees, and we only reached 850 degrees maximum, ”he says.
For a solution to the problem, I had to go to Poland, to specialists in European ceramics. “They offered to hand over all equipment for scrap and buy used European equipment. But we have learned useful experience for ourselves. As a result, coal burners were purchased near Warsaw - two are already with us, the third is purchased. The essence of the technology is simple: the coal is filled up, rubbed into dust and supplied with oxygen, allowing the temperature to be raised to the desired level, ”he says.
Now the Tokinsky brick factory has two types of certified products: solid brick received the M-175 brand, hollow brick - M-100. Ordinary brick, Vadim Moskvichev believes, will go to the local market. “But, I think, in the future we will be able to expand the line by adding high-strength, close to clinker products. We will try to make paving slabs and other types of products. We declare both glazed and facing bricks. The idea was to take the cullet, sort it, wash it, powder it, and hand cover one side of the brick. The task of the plant for the future is to produce high-quality products with great added value. Such products are not made here now, ”says the entrepreneur.
The products of the Tokinsky brick plant can also enter the Khabarovsk market, Vadim Moskvichev believes. Here you might be interested in a double brick with 30% voids - the so-called microblock. "I think if we try to introduce it into the low-rise construction market, it will be a success. Today a low-rise building in Khabarovsk is built mainly from gas, foam, and blockage blocks. But this technology with hinged facades, which I already spoke of as expensive. According to our technology, blocks plus facing brick will reduce the cost of construction. Would accept it only developers, "- he says.
Vanino bricks can be delivered to Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur in cars that leave Vanino empty anyway, or in open-top wagons from under coal shipped through the port. “The cost of delivery by road to Khabarovsk is about 5 rubles, empty - about 3 rubles. The railway method is comparable in cost. But there are fewer problems with the automobile: loaded at the warehouse - unloaded at the facility, ”explains the head of the brick factory.
According to him, at the first stage, the main thing is to bring the brick factory to a breakeven level or a minimally negative result. “Now the production of bricks is actually being launched at the expense of Abris, we have funds for this for about two months. During this time, we need to resolve sales issues, learn how to sell and fine-tune the logistics, ”explains Vadim Moskvichev. “If we leave a car with a brick for Khabarovsk, on the return flight you can pick up scarce building materials, including sand, which is all imported in Vanino and costs a lot,” he adds.
At the same time, Vadim Moskvichev's plans are much broader than simply organizing the production and sale of bricks in Vanino: “I have a concept for creating a so-called wheel. There are four companies. "Abris" allocates land, carries out design and survey work, topographic survey and so on. Vostokregionstroy is directly related to construction. Several substations and power transmission lines built by us after the housing projects are the third enterprise, Vanino Energy Company. Fourth - "Tokinsky brick factory". All four companies will be able to provide a full range of services for the creation of any object on the local market when the brick factory starts working.
So on the basis of the site of the Tokinsky brick factory, a center for the provision of all services related to construction may appear, Vadim Moskvichev believes. “For example, a person comes. Says: "I need a garage." - "Which one?" - "For two cars". Works half an hour with an engineer. He gets a complete breakdown of materials - from the foundation to the rafter system - and, most importantly, the specification of what and how much he can buy from us. We gave out a simple drawing and a receipt. As a result, we bring him sand, cement, rebar, ceramics together with halves-quarters, and not give or take two cars. Then our cadastral engineers came, made a survey, put it on the cadastral register, ”he explains.
In this case, the site of a brick factory allows you to place on it a whole series of objects, not just a warehouse-store of building materials. The territory is provided with all infrastructure, first of all with electricity - at the capacity of own substation in 2 MW the consumption of the plant is not more than 500 kW. "I would like to do a house-building plant in general. Pilorama has its own already, "- says Vadim Muscovites.
He also plans to equip the brick factory with new equipment and optimize production. For example, by the end of the summer, the head of the company expects to purchase a robotic arm for $ 17 for stacking products, which will free up 10 working hands. “Another groundwork for optimization is energy saving,” says Vadim Moskvichev. - The furnace is 50 meters long and is divided into segments. Already today, we have installed a boiler in the cooling zone that collects heat - ceramics at 1000 degrees glows like a light bulb. This is how the workshop will be heated. Second, we only have energy-saving lamps. All elements of the furnace, powerful pumps are equipped with "frequency drives" on the motors. We will also install a "frequency drive" on the most powerful motor, a 100-kilowatt extruder, which turns the main shaft of the press. It's not cheap - about 300 thousand rubles. "
“The mood was different at the start of the project. Hopefully, our coast will still develop, the economy will grow - both Vanino and Sovgavan. Therefore, we are afraid, we squint our eyes, but we go further, forward, ”says the entrepreneur. The businessman calls the idea of a free port “very good”. “At the first stage, projects will develop that would have gone without a corporation and the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development. But they will develop more vigorously, ”he adds.
The Free Port regime will allow the company to save at least 2,5 million rubles on the wages fund alone. a year, and this is "absolutely not extra money." “The zeroing of income tax also makes it possible to invest these funds. We will look for other forms of production at the same site. For example, in the processing of tires - there are many of them both in Arkaim and in the Vanino port. We need to make it so that it turns out, relatively speaking, that in the summer we “fry” a brick, in the off-season we saw a board, and in the winter the staff goes to recycle tires, bend iron, whatever, ”says Vadim Moskvichev.
Investment project on the organization of production of construction ceramics of the Tokinsky Brick Plant LLC. The volume of declared investments: minimum 14 million rubles. Sources of financing: own and borrowed funds. Number of jobs created: 25 units. Budget efficiency of the project: payments for 10 years to budgets of all levels and funds will amount to 60 million rubles. Projected capacity of the enterprise: 5 million units of conventional brick per year (10 thousand cubic meters of construction ceramics). Period of capital investments: 2017-2019 years. At the first stage, it is planned to produce full-bodied, hollow and double bricks, the second stage - ceramic blocks and glazed bricks. LLC "TKZ" belongs to its general director Vadim Moskvichev. According to Kartoteka.ru, he also owns LLC Vostokregionstroy, a non-public limited liability company Vanino Energy Company and Abridges Production Enterprise LLC. "