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At the crossroads of all roads

On the unique transit potential of the region - in an interview with the governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Vyacheslav Shport

At the crossroads of all roads
- Vyacheslav Ivanovich, you have repeatedly stressed the convenient geostrategic position of the Khabarovsk Territory. What competitive advantages does the region have for the development of transport routes and logistics, to increase the flow of goods to the APR countries?
- Our region is not just convenient, but also a truly advantageous location. Its territory is located in the geographical center of the Far East. It intersects the automobile, river, air and sea routes, pass the main pipelines and railways.

At the same time Khabarovsk Krai has long "grown" from the concept of the buffer zone. Today, without straining it can be called a contact zone - both domestic and international. This is especially important in the light of the new economic policy pursued by the country's leadership in the east of Russia. After all, the outstripping socio-economic development of the district also implies its integration into the Asia-Pacific region. And then it's a sin not to use the colossal transit opportunities of the Khabarovsk Territory.

Another question: what is needed to realize these opportunities? Of course, improve the transport infrastructure. We must form a core network to engage the region’s industrial potential in the economy of Russia and the APR.

- What types of transport do you bet on?
- Of course, for everything. It is necessary to make full use of the navigable Amur (inland waterway transport occupies a special place in the life support of the northern regions), and the available outlets through sea ports to the APR countries. Also, the most urgent tasks for us are the expansion of "narrow" places on the railway, the reconstruction and creation of highways, the development of pipeline transport, air traffic.

By the way, at the last I want to stop especially. We carry out the reconstruction of the international airport Novy in Khabarovsk. This is an important project for the Khabarovsk Territory, as well as for the entire Far Eastern Federal District. We will implement it on the basis of the mechanism of public-private partnership. It's about serious money. The total investment in the development of the airport to 2030 will be 18,8 billion rubles.

At the expense of the federal budget is the reconstruction of the airfield complex. And for the construction of a new passenger terminal will go non-state funds. Foreign investors from Japan confirmed their participation: Sojitz Corporation and JATCO. Ernst & Young has developed a concept and feasibility study for a commercial territory development project (AirCity). Currently, the facilities are being designed, negotiations have been held with international hotel operators on the management of the future hotel and business complex, we are also interacting with relevant investors and commercial commercial infrastructure operators.

We are aiming to create a modern hub airport of federal significance, a hub. It is just about using the competitive advantages of the region to the proper extent. After the airfield Khabarovsk - spare for airports in the Far East region. It is located at the intersection of Trans-Siberian and Trans-Eastern air routes, in the most favorable climatic conditions, and has the ability to receive ships in all weathers.

However, our airport and now is not only the largest in the Far Eastern Federal District and the first in it in terms of traffic volumes. He retained leadership in 2016 year, serving 1,9 million passengers (including transit). This is 2,6 percent higher than the 2015 year.

- Is the cargo flow at the airport also growing?
- Of course. Last year it amounted to 24,5 thousand tons (5,8 percent more than in 2015). We have new flights. For example, AirBridgeCargo Airlines is one of the largest cargo carriers in the world, which carries out intercontinental flights through Russia - began to perform transit landings in Khabarovsk on routes to the United States.

Since the end of the year 2016, a new freight line has opened in our route network the aircraft of the "Post of Russia". This department also planned the construction of a logistics postal center on the territory of Khabarovsk Airport - the only one in the Far East!

In general, the cargo flow in our country has grown in all directions, including road and water transport. The absolute leader in terms of growth was pipeline transportation - it showed an increase over 2016 year at 14,1 percent. Over half of all cargo is transported by the railway (an increase of 4,8 per cent).

Moreover, in the Khabarovsk Territory about 40 percent of the freight turnover of the railway transport of the Far Eastern Federal District, 23 percent of the total cargo turnover of the ports of the region and 31 percent - of the entire transport complex of the Far East is provided.

- You told about the reconstruction of the airport. And what are the prospects for financing in 2017 another major projects implemented in the region in the field of transport logistics?
- To begin with, the modernization of the railway infrastructure of the Baikal-Amur Mainline and the Trans-Siberian Railway continues. The project is large-scale, where the projected total volume of capital investments is more than 560 billion rubles. Of these, 300 billion is invested by JSCo Russian Railways. On the territory of the Khabarovsk Territory, RZD has financed 2013 for 2016 year of work by almost 40 billion rubles. In 2017, more than 12,4 billion rubles are planned.

In addition, the railway department is reconstructing a pedestrian tunnel at Khabarovsk-1 station. This year, the cost will be 216,2 million rubles, by August the tunnel should be ready.

Another large-scale project is the construction of a trans-shipment complex for coal transshipment in Muchke Bay (Vanino seaport). It is sold by VaninoTransUgol. The total cost of the project is more than 27 billion rubles. These are the means of the investor; They will go for the creation of a reloading terminal, the development of transport infrastructure, energy and water supply networks. And for budgetary money, dredging will be performed at federal property facilities.

Plus, it was decided to allocate for this project 3,2 billion rubles federal subsidy - for the construction of the railway and power networks. We plan to deliver the first stage of the complex in the third quarter of 2019.

An important topic for us is to increase the capacity of the Vanino bulk terminal with the development of the railway infrastructure of the Toki park. This Daltransugol project, worth more than 6,1 billion rubles, will provide 2020 with transshipment of up to 24 million tons of thermal coal per year.

In addition, within the framework of the long-term plan for the comprehensive social and economic development of Komsomolsk-on-Amur, three sections of the Khabarovsk-Lidoga-Vanino highway will be built in 2017 with an entrance to Komsomolsk. This is intended 583 million rubles, of which federal budget funds - 450,5 million rubles, the rest - regional money.

Thus, this year we are planning to complete this important route for us. It will not only connect the center and the districts of the region with Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Vanino seaport, but it will also be the last part of the motor transport of the Eurasian international corridor Transsib. In addition, there will be a transport exit from the federal highways Chita - Khabarovsk and Khabarovsk - Vladivostok to the seaports on the Pacific coast.

- The investments are expected to be large. Therefore, it is also natural to question how much the GRP and deductions contribute to the consolidated budget of the Khabarovsk Territory by the transport complex?
- If very briefly, then - the lion's. In 2015, transport in the total gross regional product accounted for 24,9 percent, in 2016, 26,8.

The situation is analogous to the deductions to the regional budget. As a result of 2015, the share of the transport industry in tax revenues was 15,2 percent, in 2016 year - 15,6 percent (11,8 billion rubles), and this is the largest figure in the province.

In general, the investment projects of several major companies provide the most promising growth in the region's transport sector: Russian Railways, Transneft-Far East, Daltransugol, VaninoTransUgol, Khabarovsk Airport.

Of course, not all areas of transport activities have a positive tax return. For example, passenger transportation in the province (however, as in many other regions of Russia), because of significant distances and relatively small passenger traffic, need subsidies. But we are talking about socially significant routes, for example river, air! They can not be closed, otherwise remote areas, already having low transport accessibility, will be cut off from the "big earth". Just recently, in February, we added Nelkan settlement to the existing route Khabarovsk-Mykolaiv-on-Amur-Ayan. They did it according to the numerous requests of the residents of Ayano-May district. The new route will be subsidized from the regional budget.

- Vanino and Sovetskaya Gavan have always been a point of attraction for private companies wishing to develop products export to the APR countries. Do you estimate that the benefits provided by the free port regime are more likely to be for large investors or for small projects that are not necessarily related to transport?
- The development of Vanino - Soviet-Gavansky transport and industrial hub is one of the main tasks of the transport complex of our region for the long term. This approach is consistent with the Program for the Development of the Coal Industry of Russia for the Period to 2030 of the Year. Let me remind you that it envisages the development of deposits in the Zabaikalsky and Khabarovsk territories, the Irkutsk and Amur regions, the Republic of Buryatia, South Yakutia, the Jewish Autonomous Region and Kuzbass, the construction of mining and processing plants and — very important for us — specialized port terminals in the ports of Vanino and Sovetskaya Harbor. All this will ensure the growth of coal exports to the APR countries.

The projects are large, and they are implemented by serious investors. They, of course, will be interested in the possibilities of a free port, to the regime of which the Vanino municipal district has been classified from the second half of the year 2016. After all, for residents, it means tax privileges, and simplification of customs and visa procedures, and administrative preferences.

But we are counting, and not without justification, that a smaller business will come here. The preliminary list of potential residents included 20 investors with an investment volume of more than 87 billion rubles. So, more than 70 percent of them are representatives of small and medium-sized businesses in various fields of activity: construction, fish processing, agriculture, transport.

Moreover, today Minvostokrazvitiya RF is working on the possibility of reducing the minimum amount of investments from 5 million to 500 thousand rubles in the implementation of investment projects in the Khabarovsk Territory included in the free port of Vladivostok. This is done just to attract small and medium businesses.

- What is currently hindering the economic development of Vanino and Sovgavan most of all and what can be done about it (in the competence of the RF subject's authority or through addressing initiatives at the federal level)?
- The answer to the first question, I think, you know yourself: the main deterrent of the development of the Vanino-Sovgavan junction is the undeveloped railway infrastructure on the approaches to the ports.

The perspective cargo flow in the direction of the seaports of Vanino (included in the number of 10 largest ports of Russia) and Sovetskaya Gavan is declared to 2030 year in the amount of 130 million tons per year, including potential residents of the free port of Vladivostok - about 100 million.

RZD to 2012 implemented the project "Reconstruction of the Oune-Vysokogornaya section with the construction of a new Kuznetsovsky tunnel on the Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Sovetskaya Gavan section, which has already made it possible to increase the carrying capacity of the road. In 2008, it was 8,1 million tons per year, in 2017, 37,1 million is planned.

It is clear that this is not enough - with the planned something 130 million!

Now about what can be done. To ensure the declared flow of goods, it is necessary to perform the second stage of modernization of the railway infrastructure of the Baikal-Amur and Trans-Siberian railways. A general scheme for the development of the Vanino-Sovgavan railway junction was developed. It provides for the synchronization of the terms of the development of the railway and the construction of transshipment terminals. Now this scheme is in agreement with RZD.

- Will the airport be reconstructed in Vanino?
"Did you mean in Soviet Harbor?" Yes, in 2017 we are planning a major overhaul of the airport terminal at Sovetskaya Gavan Airport (May-Gatka). To carry out the reconstruction of the airfield, to build a continuous fence of the runway and patrol road, we work with the Ministry of Defense as the owner of the airfield.

- Now in two coastal regions of the region, mainly cargo handling, logging and timber processing, extraction and processing of aquatic bioresources are developed. Will the establishment of a free port regime contribute to the development of new branches for the Vanino-Soviet-Havana transport and industrial hub of the economy? Do they need it there?
- According to the current legislation, the resident of the free port of Vladivostok can carry out any kind of activity. Well, except for banned, of course - as far as I remember, there are oil and gas production, production of a number of excisable goods, administrative activities.

That is, we have prospects for the development of new agricultural, food and industrial industries, mining, construction, fuel and energy complexes, housing and communal services and, of course, tourism. As a result - the opening of new jobs, the development of transport infrastructure, the creation and modernization of production, focused on the production of competitive products.

Is it necessary? I think that such a question is not even worth it. Necessary! Of course, if we seriously talk about the accelerated socio-economic development of the municipal entities of the Khabarovsk Territory and the consolidation of the population there.

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