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Valentina Matvienko: "It's time to go to the North! .."

The Federation Council highly appreciated the activities of the authorities of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug

"Who has ever traveled to Chukotka - he will necessarily fall ill with this wonderful edge ... Let's think about how we, within the Federation Council, organize this visit in order to communicate with the residents and see on the spot how Chukotka is living. I give the commission to organize and prepare such a trip! "- in such words, the chairman of the upper chamber of the Russian parliament, Valentina Matvienko, accompanied her report on the results of the Days of Chukotka, which took place in the Federation Council from 23 on 25 October.

Valentina Matvienko: "It's time to go to the North! .."
Photo: Eduard Popov
The traditional event (when a particular constituent entity of the Russian Federation, represented by its head, reports to the senators and demonstrates the indicators of the socio-economic life of the region) included meetings of the specialized committees of the Council of the Fed, reports of the Governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (ChAO) Roman Kopin and the Chairman of the Regional Duma Alexander Maslov, their communication with the press. Well, the cultural component of the event was the performances of the ethnographic Chukchi ensemble and an exhibition dedicated to the region, held, respectively, on the first and second floors of the building of the Federation Council.  
As a result, the senators highly appreciated the activities of the current executive and representative authorities of the most remote and coldest Far Eastern region, expressed gratitude to its first persons - Roman Kopin and Alexander Maslov, and also adopted a resolution on the socio-economic development of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. The document will be filled with concrete content at the beginning of November this year, when the resolution will be adopted as a whole. But it is already clear that it will spell out ways for the federal center to solve the key social problems of the Polar region: transport accessibility, the outflow of the economically active population, an increased level of alcoholism in comparison with the national average, access of the indigenous peoples of Chukotka to their traditional types of activity: reindeer herding, hunting, marine animal hunting.  
"The accelerated development of the northern territories, the development of the Far East - and Chukotka includes the Far Eastern Federal District - today this is the most important strategic priority of the state ... We must pay attention to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in the framework of the state program for the accelerated development of the Far East," - stressed Valentina Matvienko.
She also pointed to the positive achievements in the field of economy and social life, which have already been achieved with the active participation of the current (since 2008) Governor of the PrJSC Roman Kopin and the Speaker of the Regional Duma Alexander Maslov: an almost double increase over the past six years in the gross regional product for due to the growth of gold mining and other types of subsoil use; implementation of modern transport and energy infrastructure projects - in particular, the construction of the Kolyma-Anadyr highway, the reconstruction of airports for the needs of small (intraregional) aviation, the involvement of regional air carriers to connect Chukotka with other constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the creation of the first floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) "Akademik Lomonosov", designed to become part of the energy bridge "Magadan-Chukotka"; the formation of the priority development area "Beringovsky" and the industrial park "Anadyr", intended for the development of new deposits and the construction of construction enterprises; creation of a favorable business and investment climate in the district through the adoption of a number of relevant regional laws; an increase in funding for the reindeer husbandry industry (in fact, the entire regional agricultural sector is represented in the permafrost zone alone) and bringing the reindeer population to a stable number of about 180 thousand heads; creation of meat processing complexes oriented not only to domestic consumption, but also to export to Sweden and Finland; preserving the cultural identity of the indigenous peoples of the Okrug through the study of the Chukchi language in secondary school and conducting television and radio broadcasting in it; proper fulfillment of social obligations on the part of regional authorities to the population of the District; creation of unique reserves and natural ecological parks in the ChAO.
On the sidelines of the SovFed, the EastRussia correspondent managed to talk with the governor of Chukotka himself, Roman Kopin. The first question touched on the dynamics of the public debt of the PrJSC. It is no secret that the region's debt burden back in 2014 was very heavy - more than 144% in relation to the sum of all budgetary and extra-budgetary revenues of the region or 13,1 billion rubles.
“Today we have managed to reduce the volume of the state debt to 9 billion rubles, which is about a third of the revenues of the regional budget. And our policy is aimed at further reducing this indicator. In particular, due to the growth of the mining industry and its flagship - gold mining. The average annual level we have reached of 27 tons per year (or 10% of gold mining in the country) allows us to do this. In general, over the past ten years we have managed to qualitatively change the structure of regional budget revenues: the share of our own revenues increased 4,6 times, which cannot but have a positive effect on the fulfillment of social obligations to the population of the region, ”said Roman Valentinovich.
Just you can not live here ...
Judging by the statistics, the regional authorities manage to maintain a stable and demographic situation in the ChAO. People continue to leave here for warmer regions, but at the same time, over the past 12 years, the population has remained stable - slightly more, slightly less than 50 thousand people. According to the governor, “the relatively high birth rate is affecting, it is one of the highest in the country - 13,6 newborns per thousand population”. For example, by the middle of this year, the increase in newborns in Chukotka amounted to 30,8% compared to the same period last year.
The governor explains the migration of a part of the adult population from the region by various factors: “Chukotka 2 is a region where you cannot just live like that. You can live here fulfilling a certain mission. For example, he must work out deposits, Or hunt a sea animal. Or fly a plane. Recently, we (the authorities) had to make an unpopular decision - to close the Beringovskaya mine. We were able to arrange some of its former employees within the region, for example, on new projects in gold mining. But someone was given the opportunity to travel outside Chukotka. In general, practice shows that, in general, about 50 thousand people can live and work more or less comfortably in such a difficult climatic region. This is our target demographic indicator today. ”
A kind of indicator of the growth of economic activity in the region is the territory of advanced development (TOR) "Beringovsky". “By the end of 2016, twelve residents were registered in it. And today this figure has doubled - 24. Plus, about 20 applications are under consideration. Both small and large projects apply for participation in the TOP. Mainly related to mining. Anchor residents, established by the Australian company Tigers Realm Coal, have already started shipping coal from the port of Beringovsky. Hundreds of tons of raw materials are sent to China and Japan.
The chairman of the Duma of the PJSC Alexander Maslov, as well as the governor Roman Kopin, believes that the mining industry is the locomotive and the main economic basis for fulfilling all social obligations, but in collaboration with other industries and industries. Regional laws that work to create a favorable business climate and attract investors are called upon to stimulate the development of the entire socio-economic spectrum. Speaking to the senators of the Council of the Fed, the speaker of the Chukotka parliament reported: “We have created a regulatory framework in the region that defines the mechanisms for supporting investment activities and guarantees to investors. We also provide support to small and medium-sized businesses within the framework of the regional law providing for preferences for special tax regimes. As a result, 2016 became a record year for the number of entrepreneurs who received financial assistance from the state. "
Let us recall that the strategy of social and economic development of the PrJSC until 2030 involves the implementation of several large projects in the district, primarily related to subsoil use, modernization of transport and energy infrastructure. These are: the development of deposits in the Bering coal basin, the development of gold and copper deposits of the Baimskaya area in the northwestern part of Chukotka, the creation of an energy bridge between the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug and the Magadan Region on the basis of combining the capacities of the Chaun-Bilibino and Magadan energy systems. 
Investments in these projects are attracted and stimulated both at the federal level (special regimes of tax and customs preferences within the Beringovsky ASEZ and the free port of Pevek) and at the district level (regional laws - “On the implementation of certain provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation in terms of implementing investment projects in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "," On some issues of tax regulation in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "and a number of others).
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