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Valentina Matvienko: "It's time to go to the North! .."
The Federation Council highly appreciated the activities of the authorities of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
"Who has ever traveled to Chukotka - he will necessarily fall ill with this wonderful edge ... Let's think about how we, within the Federation Council, organize this visit in order to communicate with the residents and see on the spot how Chukotka is living. I give the commission to organize and prepare such a trip! "- in such words, the chairman of the upper chamber of the Russian parliament, Valentina Matvienko, accompanied her report on the results of the Days of Chukotka, which took place in the Federation Council from 23 on 25 October.
The traditional event (when one or another constituent entity of the Russian Federation, in the person of its head, reports to the senators and demonstrates the indicators of the social and economic life of the region) included meetings of the SovFED profile committees, reports of the governor of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Roman Kopin and the chairman of the regional Duma Alexander Maslov, their communication with the press. Well, the cultural component of the event was the speeches of an ethnographic Chukchi ensemble and an exhibition dedicated to the region, held, respectively, on the first and second floors of the Federation Council building.
As a result, the senators gave a high assessment of the activities of the current executive and representative government of the most distant and cold Far East region, thanked its first persons - Roman Kopin and Alexander Maslov, and also adopted a resolution on the social and economic development of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. Specific content of the document will be filled in early November of this year, when the resolution will be adopted as a whole. But it is already clear that it will outline the ways of solving the key social problems of the polar region by the federal center: transport accessibility, outflow of economically active population, increased level of alcoholism in comparison with the average Russian level, access of indigenous peoples of Chukotka to traditional activities: reindeer herding, hunting, sea mammal hunting.
"Accelerated development of the northern territories, the development of the Far East - and Chukotka is the Far Eastern Federal District - today this is the most important strategic priority of the state ... We must pay attention that within the state program for the accelerated development of the Far East, the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug was paid enough attention, Stressed Valentina Matvienko.
She also pointed to the positive achievements in the sphere of economy and social life, which had already been achieved with the active participation of the current governor of the ChAO, Roman Kopin (from 2008) and the speaker of the regional Duma, Alexander Maslov: an almost doubling of the gross regional product for the last six years the growth of gold mining and other types of subsoil use; the implementation of projects of modern transport and energy infrastructure - in particular, the construction of the road Kolyma-Anadyr, the reconstruction of airports for the needs of small (intraregional) aviation, the involvement of regional air carriers to connect Chukotka with other subjects of the Russian Federation, the creation of the first in the Baltic plant in St. Petersburg floating nuclear power plant (PAES) "Academician Lomonosov", designed to become part of the energy bridge "Magadan-Chukotka"; the formation of the advanced development area "Beringovsky" and the industrial park "Anadyr", intended for development of new deposits and erection of construction enterprises; creation of a favorable business and investment climate in the district through the adoption of a number of relevant regional laws; increasing the financing of the reindeer husbandry sector (in fact, only the entire regional agricultural sector is represented in the permafrost zone) and bringing the deer population to a stable population of about 180 thousand heads; the creation of meat processing complexes, oriented not only to domestic consumption, but also exports to Sweden and Finland; preservation of the cultural identity of the indigenous peoples of the Okrug through the study of the Chukchi language in secondary school and the conduct of television and radio broadcasting on it; proper execution of social obligations by the regional authorities to the people of the District; creation of unique reserves and natural ecological parks in ChAO.
STATE DEBT REDUCES
On the sidelines of SovFed correspondent EastRussia managed to talk with the governor of Chukotka himself - Roman Kopin. The first question was about the dynamics of the state debt of the ChAO. It's no secret that the region's debt burden in 2014 was very heavy - more than 144% in relation to the sum of all budgetary and extra-budgetary revenues of the region or 13,1 billion rubles.
"Today we managed to reduce the amount of public debt to 9 billion rubles - this is about a third of the revenue side of the regional budget. And our policy is aimed at further reduction of this indicator. In particular, due to the growth of the extractive industry and its flagship - gold mining. The average annual level of 27 tons achieved by us (or 10% of gold mining in the country) allows us to do this. In general, over the past ten years we have managed to qualitatively change the structure of the regional budget revenues: the share of own revenues has increased by 4,6 times, which can not but affect positively the fulfillment of social obligations to the population of the region, "Roman Valentinovich said.
Just you can not live here ...
Judging by the statistics, it is possible for the regional authorities to maintain a stable and demographic situation in the ChAO. People continue to leave from here to warmer areas, but at the same time for the last 12 years the population remains stable - a little more than a little less than 50 thousand people. According to the governor, "a relatively high birth rate is affecting, he is one of the highest in the country - 13,6 newborns per thousand of the population." For example, by the middle of the current year, the increase in newborns in Chukotka was 30,8% compared to the same period last year.
Migration of part of the adult population from the region the governor explains by various factors: "Chukotka 2 is a region where you can not just live like this. You can live here, fulfilling a certain mission. For example, I have to work out deposits, Or mine a sea animal. Or fly the plane. Recently, we (the authorities) had to take an unpopular decision - to close the mine "Beringovskaya." We managed to arrange some of its former employees inside the region, for example, on new projects in gold mining. But someone was given the opportunity to travel outside Chukotka. In general, practice shows that in general, more or less comfortable to live and work in such a difficult climatic region can about 50 thousand people. Today this is our target demographic indicator. "
TOP RESIDENTS GROWS
A territory of advanced development (TOP) "Beringovsky" is a kind of indicator of the growth of economic activity in the region. "Following the results of 2016, twelve residents were registered there. And already today this figure has doubled - 24. Plus under consideration are still order of 20 applications. Both small and large projects are applying for participation in the TOP. Basically, related to mining. Anchor residents, established by the Australian company Tigers Realm Coal, have already started shipment of coal from the port of Beringovsky. Hundreds of tons of fuel are sent to China and Japan.
Chairman of the Duma of the ChAO, Alexander Maslov, as well as Governor Roman Kopin, believes that the locomotive and the main economic basis for fulfilling all social obligations is the mining industry, but in common with other industries and industries. And to stimulate the development of the entire socio-economic spectrum, regional laws are called to work to create a favorable business climate and attract investors. Speaking before the senators of the Council of Federation, the speaker of the Chukchi parliament reported: "We have established a regulatory framework in the region that defines mechanisms for supporting investment activities and guarantees for investors. We also support small and medium-sized enterprises in the framework of a regional law that provides preferences for special tax regimes. As a result, 2016 year was a record year in the number of entrepreneurs - recipients of financial assistance from the state. "
Recall, the strategy of socio-economic development of the Chukotka Peninsula to 2030 involves the implementation of several large-scale projects on the territory of the district, primarily related to subsoil use, modernization of transport and energy infrastructure. These include: the development of the Bering coal deposit, the development of gold and copper deposits in Baimskaya area in the north-western part of Chukotka, the creation of an energy bridge between the Chukotka and Magadan regions on the basis of the pooling of the facilities of the Chaun-Bilibinskaya and Magadan power systems.
Investments in these projects are attracted and stimulated both at the federal level (special regimes of tax and customs preferences under the TOR "Beringovsky" and the free port of Pevek) and at the district level (regional laws - "On the implementation of certain provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation with regard to implementation investment projects on the territory of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "," On some issues of tax regulation in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug "and a number of others).