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In the fishing way!
The government approved a list of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs that are banned from being imported into Russia. In the list of forbidden there was also a fish.
Analysts are sure that the Far East can fully cover the needs of the Russian market in fish. However, the chance to try and evaluate wild salmon, herring, pollock from the inhabitants of the central regions of Russia will appear only if the way is cleared away by removing unnecessary checks and barriers that its Rosselkhoznadzor is building.
6 August, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the application of certain special economic measures to ensure the security of the Russian Federation." Within a year from the date of the enactment of the decree, it is prohibited or restricted to carry out foreign economic operations that envisage the importation into Russia of certain types of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs. It is a question of goods, "the country of origin of which is the state, which has decided to impose economic sanctions on Russian legal and (or) natural persons or has joined such a decision".
According to the Government's decree, published on 7 August, the import ban applies to fish and seafood (including fresh and chilled), as well as processed products from the countries of the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia and Norway.
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev instructed the Federal Customs Service to promptly block the supply of relevant goods, and the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Agriculture to begin daily monitoring of commodity markets and price levels.
According to Nikolai Fedorov, despite the fact that the share of Norwegian fish and fish products in the total volume of imports is quite high, it is really possible to find a replacement for it. "We export almost 2 million tons of aquatic biological resources, including enough red fish and red caviar. We import - 600-700 thousand tons. Therefore, we, of course, will have to make additional efforts. We did not just talk about trade networks about this, but now we are even preparing to sign an agreement on the reorientation of some logistical flows, so that in the possible temporarily scarce regions, if they are accustomed to receive from Norway, the replacement was at the expense of either Russian fish, Russian aquatic biological resources, Or from other countries that can compete to replace the Norwegians, "the minister said.
Let's note, according to experts, from the total volume of fish imports under sanctions - because of the country of origin - about 600-650 thousand tons of products fall. First of all, this Norwegian salmon and trout in a cooled form - about 200 thousand tons and about 100 thousand tons of frozen salmon.
"Perhaps the Far Eastern fish will be slightly more expensive than the imported fish, but this will be high-quality products. After all, it is still unclear to us what the product comes from abroad: what kind of food this fish is grown on, what parasites are in it, what kind of veterinary control is there, etc., "the head of Rosrybolovstva believes.
The main "fish" subjects of the Far East also supported the government's decision.
"The ban on the import of a number of food products will significantly replace the foreign artificially grown salmon with high-quality Far Eastern fish," said Vladimir Ilyukhin, Governor of the Kamchatka Territory. - Today the main stream of Kamchatka fish goes to the central regions of Russia. Our task is to expand the sales of products to the western part of the country. With the introduction of restrictions on imports, our fishermen have already received significantly more applications from the regions. We have a good experience in supplying Kamchatka fish to St. Petersburg along the Northern Sea Route. So far, due to relatively small volumes, the shipping cost is quite high. However, now, with the increase in supplies, we again intend to return to this issue. Kamchatka is the fish capital of Russia and our main task is to provide Russian regions with quality Kamchatka fish. " Let us note that annually the enterprises of the Kamchatka Territory produce more than 800 thousand tons of commercial fish products.
In general, the fishing industry of the Far East also assess the Government's decision as positive. In their opinion, this is a good incentive to strengthen the position of domestic products in the domestic market. The balance of exports and imports in principle, it is quite possible to replace the drop-out products.
“We have long spoken about the restriction of imports as one of the measures to support domestic fishermen. Therefore, we believe that nothing critical has happened, ”says Vyacheslav Moskaltsov, General Director of OAO Dalryba. - Mostly delicatessen products came from Norway, which are not made to be eaten every day. As for frozen salmon, the Far East is quite able to cover this volume. Finally, they will take our herring, which by its characteristics is not inferior to the imported one, just the processors did not want to “bother” with its logistics. Processing plants that worked on foreign raw materials, retailers will have to spend some time searching for new contacts and solutions. Some hysteria is associated with this. Objectively, it is not justified, ”the interlocutor concluded.
According to Alexander Yefremov, General Director of Yuzhmorrybflot, in the current “truncated” form, the adopted sanctions will limit the supply of fish raw materials of foreign origin to Russian fish processing industries, and this will inevitably cause them to be ousted by foreign producers on the Russian market.
"The reverse economic effect will be achieved," he said. - Local fish processing industry is not developed enough, in addition, now is not the best situation on the salmon fishery - the main raw material for deep processing. So we can confidently assume that such measures can lead to a sharp decline in entrepreneurial activity in the sector of deep processing of fish. And this, in turn, will lead to higher prices and a reduction in the assortment of Russian fish products in the consumer market of the central regions of Russia. "
However, analysts are confident that fishing enterprises will become easier, the demand for their products will increase. But this does not happen automatically.
“We have a large fish surplus, the question is in logistics. Often it was easier and cheaper for retailers and processors to import goods to the western part of the country from Norway and Iceland than to pull from the Far East, despite the fact that our products are objectively better in terms of consumer properties, - agrees General Director of Engineering & Development Company Anton Sukhorukikh ... Today, using mechanisms, including non-tariff regulation (for example, phytosanitary and other measures), it is possible to deliver our salmon, pollock, herring to “non-prohibited” foreign products and, at the same time, having worked out the logistics, and not only frozen, but also processed products , to the central regions. And everyone will benefit from this. We will be able to make the domestic market quite competitive in a relatively short time, and further use this advantage, ”the expert believes.
According to the Federal State Statistics Service, 751,1 thousand tons of products from aquatic biological resources (-11,8% to the level of the previous year) were exported abroad with the customs procedure of exporting abroad, 204,1 thousand tons (-4,5%) were exported from the fishing areas to foreign countries, In the structure of fish deliveries for the first six months, production directly from the sea amounted to 21,4% vs. 20,1% for the same period of the year 2013.
Exports to 86,8% consisted of frozen fish, on 6,6% - from fish fillets and other fish meat, on 3,1% - from crustaceans and mollusks, on 1,1% - from ready-made or canned products.
The decline in exports of fish products is due to frozen fish. Its supplies decreased by 14% - from 963,9 thousand tons to 829,3 thousand tons.
At the same time, there is an increase in exports in such major product categories as fish fillets and other fish meat (by 3,8% - to 62,8 ths. Tons), crustaceans and mollusks (by 45,1% - to 29,9 ths. Tons), finished or canned fish products (by 0,9% - up to 10,9 th. tons).
167,1 thousand tons were supplied directly from the areas of the frozen fish trade compared to 196,2 thousand tons for the same period last year. The share of fish fillets - 22,8 th. Tons (in 2013, xNUMX th. Tons).
In the first half of the year, the import of fish fillets and other fish meat to Russia (by 15,8% - to 52 thousand tons), finished and canned fish products (by 13,6% - to 55,9 thousand tons) and mollusks (by 13,7% - to 15,8 Thousand tons). Imports of frozen fish decreased by 0,5% (up to 225,8 thousand tonnes), fresh or cooled fish - by 13,6% (to 56,6 thousand tonnes), crustaceans - by 12,3%, to 27 thousand tonnes.
According to the Center of the Fisheries and Communications Monitoring System, on 29 July domestic fisheries management companies have mastered 2399,4 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources. This is 0,8% higher than the level of the previous year.
Meanwhile, in the first six months, fish and seafood for the total amount of 464 million were imported from Russia to Norway. Compared to the same period last year, exports decreased by 8,4%. In quantitative terms, it amounted to 113 thousand tons (-13,7%). June shipments increased by 3,8%, but their cost decreased by 3,4% - to 69,8 million dollars.
As reported in the NKR, the June exports of salmon increased by 3,3% compared to the same month last year. The volume of supplies increased by 17,5% - to 8 thousand tons. The price of fish decreased by 12,1%, (from 6,95 to 6,11 USD for 1 kg).