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In the fishing way!

The government approved a list of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs that are banned from being imported into Russia. In the list of forbidden there was also a fish.

In the fishing way!

While the Far Eastern fishermen are optimistic about the “opening” of the domestic market, because they have been asking for export restrictions for a long time, the Rosselkhoznadzor is looking for supplying countries whose products, despite the fact that they were previously subjected to severe Ostarksism, will be able to cover the resulting deficit.

Analysts are sure that the Far East can fully cover the needs of the Russian market in fish. However, the chance to try and evaluate wild salmon, herring, pollock from the inhabitants of the central regions of Russia will appear only if the way is cleared away by removing unnecessary checks and barriers that its Rosselkhoznadzor is building.

6 August, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the application of certain special economic measures to ensure the security of the Russian Federation." Within a year from the date of the enactment of the decree, it is prohibited or restricted to carry out foreign economic operations that envisage the importation into Russia of certain types of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs. It is a question of goods, "the country of origin of which is the state, which has decided to impose economic sanctions on Russian legal and (or) natural persons or has joined such a decision".

According to the Government's decree, published on 7 August, the import ban applies to fish and seafood (including fresh and chilled), as well as processed products from the countries of the European Union, the United States, Canada, Australia and Norway.

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev instructed the Federal Customs Service to promptly block the supply of relevant goods, and the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Ministry of Agriculture to begin daily monitoring of commodity markets and price levels.

In the Ministry of Agriculture, there is no shortage of food. According to the head of the Ministry of Agriculture Nikolai Fedorov, providing the population with fish and aquatic bioresources, fish products is at the level of "almost threshold values" of the Doctrine of Food Security. As an example, Nikolai Fedorov cited statistics on consumption, catch and imports. "Fish: we consume 3,44 million tons and even more, they supply 457 thousand tons of these five countries. By the way, here I can make a comment: we export fish and fish products 1,8 million tons, while we import somewhere 700 thousand tons of everything, that is, we are now very quickly able to solve the problem absolutely imperceptibly for the consumer ", The minister said.

According to Nikolai Fedorov, despite the fact that the share of Norwegian fish and fish products in the total volume of imports is quite high, it is really possible to find a replacement for it. "We export almost 2 million tons of aquatic biological resources, including enough red fish and red caviar. We import - 600-700 thousand tons. Therefore, we, of course, will have to make additional efforts. We did not just talk about trade networks about this, but now we are even preparing to sign an agreement on the reorientation of some logistical flows, so that in the possible temporarily scarce regions, if they are accustomed to receive from Norway, the replacement was at the expense of either Russian fish, Russian aquatic biological resources, Or from other countries that can compete to replace the Norwegians, "the minister said.

The head of the Russian Fishery Agency, Ilya Shestakov, expressed confidence that the Far Eastern fishermen are quite capable of feeding the Russians with fish and seafood. “To cover the needs of the Russian market, including its western part, due to the imposition of sanctions on the import into the country of fish and seafood, the Far Eastern people are able to. Today's catch, export and import figures clearly demonstrate this possibility, ”he said.

Let's note, according to experts, from the total volume of fish imports under sanctions - because of the country of origin - about 600-650 thousand tons of products fall. First of all, this Norwegian salmon and trout in a cooled form - about 200 thousand tons and about 100 thousand tons of frozen salmon.

"Perhaps the Far Eastern fish will be slightly more expensive than the imported fish, but this will be high-quality products. After all, it is still unclear to us what the product comes from abroad: what kind of food this fish is grown on, what parasites are in it, what kind of veterinary control is there, etc., "the head of Rosrybolovstva believes.

The main "fish" subjects of the Far East also supported the government's decision.

"The ban on the import of a number of food products will significantly replace the foreign artificially grown salmon with high-quality Far Eastern fish," said Vladimir Ilyukhin, Governor of the Kamchatka Territory. - Today the main stream of Kamchatka fish goes to the central regions of Russia. Our task is to expand the sales of products to the western part of the country. With the introduction of restrictions on imports, our fishermen have already received significantly more applications from the regions. We have a good experience in supplying Kamchatka fish to St. Petersburg along the Northern Sea Route. So far, due to relatively small volumes, the shipping cost is quite high. However, now, with the increase in supplies, we again intend to return to this issue. Kamchatka is the fish capital of Russia and our main task is to provide Russian regions with quality Kamchatka fish. " Let us note that annually the enterprises of the Kamchatka Territory produce more than 800 thousand tons of commercial fish products.

"Now, retailers will be forced to pay attention to products from Russian fishermen, including our salmon," said Dmitry Matveyev, president of the Sakhalin Fisheries Association. - Such a "change of tastes" will only benefit the consumer, because it is a question of wild, ecologically clean fish from the Far Eastern seas. The impetus will be given to processors of domestic raw materials, "he said. Let's note, in 2013 year according to the territorial body of statistics Sakhalin enterprises produced 462,5 thousand tons of fish products (102,9% to the level of 2012 year).

In general, the fishing industry of the Far East also assess the Government's decision as positive. In their opinion, this is a good incentive to strengthen the position of domestic products in the domestic market. The balance of exports and imports in principle, it is quite possible to replace the drop-out products.

“We have long spoken about the restriction of imports as one of the measures to support domestic fishermen. Therefore, we believe that nothing critical has happened, ”says Vyacheslav Moskaltsov, General Director of OAO Dalryba. - Mostly delicatessen products came from Norway, which are not made to be eaten every day. As for frozen salmon, the Far East is quite able to cover this volume. Finally, they will take our herring, which by its characteristics is not inferior to the imported one, just the processors did not want to “bother” with its logistics. Processing plants that worked on foreign raw materials, retailers will have to spend some time searching for new contacts and solutions. Some hysteria is associated with this. Objectively, it is not justified, ”the interlocutor concluded.

Moreover, fishermen say that sanctions are of a "half-hearted" nature and are not terrible already because of this. On the one hand, there is already a list of importing countries that can replace the drop-down list of goods (Latin America, China, Chile, etc.), on the other hand, frozen fish and seafood, fish fillets and minced meat have been banned, but not deep processing products , Canned fish and fish delicacies. They are still allowed to import.

According to Alexander Yefremov, General Director of Yuzhmorrybflot, in the current “truncated” form, the adopted sanctions will limit the supply of fish raw materials of foreign origin to Russian fish processing industries, and this will inevitably cause them to be ousted by foreign producers on the Russian market.

"The reverse economic effect will be achieved," he said. - Local fish processing industry is not developed enough, in addition, now is not the best situation on the salmon fishery - the main raw material for deep processing. So we can confidently assume that such measures can lead to a sharp decline in entrepreneurial activity in the sector of deep processing of fish. And this, in turn, will lead to higher prices and a reduction in the assortment of Russian fish products in the consumer market of the central regions of Russia. "

However, analysts are confident that fishing enterprises will become easier, the demand for their products will increase. But this does not happen automatically.

"Fishermen represent only the primary link - extraction, but it is necessary to build the entire supply chain of fish products, develop an import substitution system at the level of the Ministry of Agriculture, and maybe even on the site of a government commission. It is necessary to work out the schemes of interaction directly between the miners, the enterprises that transport the products, wholesalers, retailers, and determine the payment schemes, "says Alexander Fomin, president of the All-Russian Association of Fisheries Enterprises, Entrepreneurs and Exporters (VARPE).

“We have a large fish surplus, the question is in logistics. Often it was easier and cheaper for retailers and processors to import goods to the western part of the country from Norway and Iceland than to pull from the Far East, despite the fact that our products are objectively better in terms of consumer properties, - agrees General Director of Engineering & Development Company Anton Sukhorukikh ... Today, using mechanisms, including non-tariff regulation (for example, phytosanitary and other measures), it is possible to deliver our salmon, pollock, herring to “non-prohibited” foreign products and, at the same time, having worked out the logistics, and not only frozen, but also processed products , to the central regions. And everyone will benefit from this. We will be able to make the domestic market quite competitive in a relatively short time, and further use this advantage, ”the expert believes.

"Unfortunately, among the first actions of the Rosselkhoznadzor leadership after the introduction of sanctions were not import-substituting steps, but the search for new supplier countries," says Eduard Klimov, chairman of the board of directors of the media holding "Fishnews". -Lesosi, grown on farms in Latin America (previously ostracized by the Rosselkhoznadzor because of its dubious security), suddenly became the center of attention. " Meanwhile, the expert is sure, now is the time to pay attention to domestic fishermen and their products. According to him, the main obstacles to the promotion of their products to the mass consumer on the domestic market are the fishermen called administrative barriers, primarily in the face of the same Rosselkhoznadzor. "While imports are registered for 2 hours with the necessary paper, Russian fish products, in the presence of documents, are also subjected to total laboratory tests for a fee. The account 2 hours against 2 weeks is clearly not in favor of Russian fish. In the conditions of sanctions it is necessary to cancel the veterinary and accompanying documents for catches taken in Russian sea waters. Then lovers of artificially grown salmon will have a real chance to evaluate wild Far Eastern fish, "he concluded.

According to the Federal State Statistics Service, 751,1 thousand tons of products from aquatic biological resources (-11,8% to the level of the previous year) were exported abroad with the customs procedure of exporting abroad, 204,1 thousand tons (-4,5%) were exported from the fishing areas to foreign countries, In the structure of fish deliveries for the first six months, production directly from the sea amounted to 21,4% vs. 20,1% for the same period of the year 2013.

Exports to 86,8% consisted of frozen fish, on 6,6% - from fish fillets and other fish meat, on 3,1% - from crustaceans and mollusks, on 1,1% - from ready-made or canned products.

The decline in exports of fish products is due to frozen fish. Its supplies decreased by 14% - from 963,9 thousand tons to 829,3 thousand tons.

At the same time, there is an increase in exports in such major product categories as fish fillets and other fish meat (by 3,8% - to 62,8 ths. Tons), crustaceans and mollusks (by 45,1% - to 29,9 ths. Tons), finished or canned fish products (by 0,9% - up to 10,9 th. tons).

167,1 thousand tons were supplied directly from the areas of the frozen fish trade compared to 196,2 thousand tons for the same period last year. The share of fish fillets - 22,8 th. Tons (in 2013, xNUMX th. Tons).

The volume of imports of fish products to the Russian Federation in January-June amounted to 440,4 thousand tons, which is 1% more than last year. In the structure of imports 51,3% is frozen fish, 12,8% - fish fresh or chilled, 11,8% - fish fillets and other fish meat, 12,7% - ready or canned fish products, 9,7% - crustaceans and molluscs.

In the first half of the year, the import of fish fillets and other fish meat to Russia (by 15,8% - to 52 thousand tons), finished and canned fish products (by 13,6% - to 55,9 thousand tons) and mollusks (by 13,7% - to 15,8 Thousand tons). Imports of frozen fish decreased by 0,5% (up to 225,8 thousand tonnes), fresh or cooled fish - by 13,6% (to 56,6 thousand tonnes), crustaceans - by 12,3%, to 27 thousand tonnes.

According to the Center of the Fisheries and Communications Monitoring System, on 29 July domestic fisheries management companies have mastered 2399,4 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources. This is 0,8% higher than the level of the previous year.

Meanwhile, in the first six months, fish and seafood for the total amount of 464 million were imported from Russia to Norway. Compared to the same period last year, exports decreased by 8,4%. In quantitative terms, it amounted to 113 thousand tons (-13,7%). June shipments increased by 3,8%, but their cost decreased by 3,4% - to 69,8 million dollars.

For the first half of 2014, Norway exported salmon to our country for 303 million dollars. This is 6,1% less than at the reporting date last year. At the same time, the average price of fresh whole salmon grew by 6,9% - from 6,77 to 7,24 dollar. In quantitative terms, the supply of all types of products from this fish decreased by 12% compared to the indicator for January-June 2013 - to the level of 43 thousand tons. As a result of the first half of the year, 2014 Russia ranks third among the export markets of Norwegian salmon, second only to Poland and France.

As reported in the NKR, the June exports of salmon increased by 3,3% compared to the same month last year. The volume of supplies increased by 17,5% - to 8 thousand tons. The price of fish decreased by 12,1%, (from 6,95 to 6,11 USD for 1 kg).

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