Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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In pursuit of the iceberg

Cruise liners are increasingly coming to the Russian northeast

In pursuit of the iceberg

In recent years, Arctic tourism has become in demand on the global tourism market. Given the poor transport accessibility of the Far Eastern regions, as well as the underdevelopment of local infrastructure, they have little chance of attracting large incoming flows. In the case of cruise tourism, wild and unexplored territory is more of a bait for travelers. It remains to resolve legislative issues - and build berths that could receive cruise ships.

Closed port is open

Fatigue from urban civilization, growing environmental threat and craving for adventure - all this prompts the modern tourist to choose uninhabited and harsh corners of the planet. Such assessments are contained in the materials of the PROArctic tourism summit, which was held in Arkhangelsk with the support of the Federal Agency for Tourism. Let us add that Norway is still the recognized “pearl” of Arctic tourism. However, the routes of the polar travelers deviate more and more to the east.

During the 2014 navigation of the year, Chukotka 16 once visited foreign ships, a year earlier there were 12 flights. The total number of tourists arriving this year by sea is small - about 3 thousand people, while the inbound flow to the territory of the district is consistently at the level of 25 thousand. In the state program on the development of culture, sport and tourism, adopted in 2013, it is expected to bring this figure to 26 thousand only by 2018 year. At the same time, the visa-free regime of entry into the territory of Russia during 72 hours is in effect for cruise liner passengers. On the one hand, this rule provides tremendous opportunities for both visitors and recipients. But the potential of such tourism is constrained by a huge number of bureaucratic delays.

An example is the situation with Silver Discoverer ship Pacific Network, the general operator of tourist flights in the territory of the Chukotka Autonomous District, in the summer of this year. In July, more than 60 foreign tourists arriving at the port of Providence on a cruise liner from Alaska could not get ashore. As explained then the chairman of the Committee on Sport and Tourism of the ChAO Irina Ryabukhin, in November last year the cruise company sent an information request about the permission of this route to Rosturizm. In February, the government of the Russian Federation adopted a resolution on the resolution of these cruises. However, in May, Rosturizm adopted a document that does not recommend cruising. On the basis of this document, the frontier department of the FSB in the Chukotka district did not allow passengers of the liner to descend to the land of Chukotka. It took a personal intervention of the governor of Chukotka, Roman Kopin, who sent telegrams to Rosturizm and the siloviki. The ship stood on the quay for about seven hours before the permission was received. At the same time, UFSB representatives claimed that the cruise liner was well aware of the fact that the route was not coordinated. In Rosturizm recalled that the cruise itinerary should be coordinated six months before the arrival of ships on Russian territory. In the future, with the assistance of the Far Eastern representative office, all tourist flights of Pacific Network are 2014 year (the company operates liners L'Austral, Silver Discoverer, Silver Explorer and Hanseatic), were agreed.

A part of the problem is likely to be helped by the recent decision of the Russian government to "open" the Far Eastern ports. It turns out that until recently 51 was a Russian port, legally closed to foreign ships - many of these ports have long hosted foreigners and carried on brisk trade. "Indeed, the last almost 25 years, our ports existed de jure in not definitively defined status, although de facto most of them were open for foreign seagoing ships. Nevertheless, a number of ports have so far failed to find documents even in archives. Speech about such ports as Anadyr, Vanino, Kaliningrad. According to them, documents were lost, these are documents of Soviet times. On a number of ports, the documents were classified in secret, were classified "secret", also published in Soviet times. This is Vladivostok, Arkhangelsk, Vyborg. Although, I repeat, they acted de facto as international seaports, "Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich said in September.

"Some documents that previously confirmed the opening of seaports for international traffic were either obsolete or in some cases simply even lost, and this discrepancy led to various legal delays. Now border and customs procedures for arriving foreign vessels will be much easier, no additional permits and approvals will be needed. And, of course, the ports themselves will be able to work in such a more energetic way in full force, "Dmitry Medvedev explained in his turn, which on June 30 signed an order to open these ports for foreign vessels. In particular, the list included Anadyr, Beringovsky, Providence in Chukotka; Alexandrovsk-Sakhalin, Korsakov, Moskalvo, Nevelsk, Poronaisk, Kholmsk, Shakhtersk on Sakhalin; Vanino, De-Kastri, Nikolaevsk-on-Amur, Okhotsk, Sovetskaya Gavan - in the Khabarovsk Territory; Vladivostok, Vostochny, Zarubino, Nakhodka, Poset in Primorye, Magadan in the Magadan Region, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in the Kamchatka Territory.

From the ship to the volcano

However, eliminating legislative obstacles alone is not enough. L'Austral class vessels, for example, are luxury cruise liners with a passenger capacity of up to 300 people and a tonnage of up to 11 thousand tons. And these are very small ships, on average, modern cruise liners of mass demand take on board more than 3 thousand passengers. It will be extremely difficult to receive a large ship in a port where there is no long quay wall, a spacious checkpoint with a large number of employees. But it is the mass tourist who can give the northern regions the desired investment.

In September, at the "Far East 2014" business forum in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, the head of the Baltic Sea Port Administration, Peter Parinov, told Kamchatka colleagues about the experience in attracting sea travelers that was accumulated in St. Petersburg. In 2005, the construction of a specialized passenger port "Marine Facade" began, which in 2008 took the first cruise liner. The port complex includes seven berths for receiving ocean liners up to 330 meters long, three cruise ships and one specialized cruise ferry terminal. Construction cost $ 1 billion, and in 2011, after the completion of the construction and commissioning of 100% of the shares of OAO Passenger Port of St. Petersburg "Marine Facade" were transferred to the city of St. Petersburg.

"In 1994 year in St. Petersburg was 151 call, arrived 64 thousand passengers. In 2000 year - 238 calls, 147 thousand passengers, in 2013 year - 338 calls, 522 thousand passengers. On average, a cruise ship's passenger spends about $ 100 per day. This example shows that even large investments in the development of infrastructure, as it was with us, will bring the region sufficient funds. Moreover, such vessels do not go to the same port, they enter several ports, "P.Parinov said. Although, according to him, the reception of large airliners longer than 300 meters and the capacity of more than 5 thousand passengers in Russia is still a nuisance.

Deputy Prime Minister of Kamchatka Krai Yuri Zubar assured the forum participants that after the reconstruction of the berths of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, which is being supported by the federal budget today (more than 3 billion rubles will be invested by the federation, the owners of the port will invest about 600 million). , the port will receive a mooring wall of at least 320-350 meters in length. “It will allow us to receive almost all cruise liners that previously visited us and were on the raid. Today, we are also building checkpoints at Yelizovo and Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky airports. The entire station square and the central part of the city will be developed as a tourist zone, all so that a tourist arriving in Kamchatka can comfortably come ashore, be quickly decorated, take a bus and go to see our beauties. At the airport, he flew away by helicopter, went fishing on a yacht, climbed a volcano ... And spent those conventional $ 100, and maybe $ 200 per day, which 
Will return to the budget and the cities of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and the Kamchatka Territory, and the Russian Federation, "- he painted the upcoming benefits.

Head of the Agency for Tourism and External Relations of the Kamchatka Territory Gevorg Shkhiyan notes that cruise flights to Kamchatka are almost 18 years old, this business is developing with different success in different years, but in general the number of calls varies from 15 to 20. The main passengers - from America, a quarter - from Europe, and now begin to actively come travelers from the APR. "But tourism is a very dependent industry, and it is very difficult to look forward until the transport infrastructure is established and logistics schemes are defined. But now there are such moments for which you can cling. We are negotiating with cruise companies in order to bring our plans for infrastructure development to them. We explain that we will be ready to start taking them seriously after a certain period of time. What to show - we have, and in addition to the large cruises in Kamchatka are characterized by expedition cruises, they enjoy great interest, "- he said. At the same time 72-hour mode of visa-free stay of foreigners is also not without contradictions. After all, people are allowed to spend the night only on the liner, which restrains the development of hotels and the duration of tours. In general, according to the agency, Kamchatka will receive 2014 thousand foreign tourists in 13.

The Rosgranitsa should take care of the reconstruction of the checkpoints, and, for example, in Kamchatka, as head of the agency Constantine Busygin recently visited the region, the crossing point in the port of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is already under construction. The premises of the sea terminal will be equipped with technical and information means for units of state control bodies. During the year, it is planned to resolve the issue with the checkpoint in the international terminal of the airport, which undergoes considerable restructuring.

naval aviation

The fact that the airport-sea port pair can work in the format of cruise tourism, says the experience of Chukotka. The tourist hub on the basis of the main airport of Chukotka, Anadyr ("Coal"), already works as a connecting link of tourist routes. As part of the change procedure, some of the passengers of the cruise liner arrive by plane to the capital of the region. At the same time, foreigners arriving in Anadyr complete their journey in Chukotka and go home. In 2013, the airport served about 200 tourists under this procedure. However, with all this, the airport was experiencing many difficulties with the functioning of the checkpoint, which Rosgranitsa reconstructed from 2011 year.

Inbound tourism is still the least developed among its neighbors in the Magadan region, last year 1,3 thousand tourists visited here. At the same time, Magadan travel agencies mainly offer fishing and hunting tours, ecotourism, diving, river rafting, boat trips along the Okhotsk coast, visits to mineral hot springs, historical sites. The same directions are actively promoted by the tourist agencies of Chukotka and Kamchatka, and in the programs of the Arctic cruises, all such extreme pleasures are often described. After the autumn visit, the Plenipotentiary Envoy Yury Trutnev to Magadan, Governor Vladimir Pecheny, instructed the heads of travel agencies to make their suggestions on which tourism directions are the most promising and what support the state authorities can provide them. On the basis of these proposals, an own concept of the development of tourism in the Magadan Region will be developed.

Alexander Osaulenko, vice president of the Russian Union of Travel Industry, says that for now all the talk about simplifying bureaucratic procedures is nothing more than a rant. The average clearance time for a foreigner entering the territory of the Russian Federation is increasing, although it is decreasing in all developed countries. “We already have this figure on average three minutes per passenger, but can you imagine what will happen when a huge ship arrives?” There is no infrastructure for receiving tourists, and its creation will require huge investments - what do we count on? ”He says. According to Alexander Osaulenko, the principal decision on the development of passenger ports in the Far East has been made, there are people, private entrepreneurs, who are ready to invest. But all these business decisions and construction projects must somehow be combined with our bureaucratic regulations, and many structures are responsible for writing and executing these regulations. “The development program of the Far East contains provisions on deregulation, it pleases. But we still have to get the execution of the decisions made, ”says the Vice-President of the PCT.

According to him, even sea cruise tourism requires reserve logistical schemes, and this is complicated by the extreme high cost and undeveloped air links with the northern territories of the Far East. While the Far East does not receive the "open skies" regime (allowing foreign airlines to fly to the airport of another state in an application form, the airport administration can refuse admission for technical reasons only) until the foreign airlines operate here - nothing will come out. "Recently we discussed tourism projects with Korean Air, this airline does not just want to enter the Far East as a carrier. They have tourist products, and they would like to develop tourist routes with Khabarovsk, Yakutsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky ... But they do not have the opportunity to work (this is hampered by an intergovernmental agreement establishing the rule of "one carrier" that can fly to one from Russian cities. - Author). "A. Osaulenko explains. According to him, the item on "open skies" is also in the current version of the Far Eastern state program, "but for now it is only a paragraph in the document."

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