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In the new year - with a new law!

Kamchatka Krai - again the leaders in the extraction of fish

In the new year - with a new law!

Despite the excellent performance, 2014-th became very difficult for the fishing industry of Kamchatka. However, after long months of struggle with the supervisory authorities, complaints and court decisions, a federal law was issued that provides for the notification procedure for the crossing of the state border by fishing vessels.

As a result of 2014, Kamchatka's regional enterprises produced about 890 thousand tons of fish products. This is the best indicator among all the subjects of the country. The leadership of the peninsula was also maintained in terms of the volume of investments attracted into coastal processing. This, summarizing the results of the past year, said the deputy chairman of the regional government, the minister of fisheries of Kamchatka Vladimir Galitsyn. According to him, over the past few years 17 investment projects have already been implemented in the province, 3 of which is in 2014.

"Basically, these are projects in the field of coastal processing. The total amount of investments in the fishing industry in Kamchatka in recent years has amounted to more than 13 billion rubles. This is the best indicator in the Russian Federation, "said Vladimir Galitsyn. - The implementation of the two largest investment projects for the construction and modernization of the Vostochny Bereg and Ozernovsky RKZ plants with investments of 1 billion and 1,2 billion rubles, respectively, continues. Once again, Kamchatka has shown the best result in Russia, being the leader for the sixth year in terms of catch volumes in our country. If in 2013 the development amounted to 873 thousand tons (132,5 thousand tons only for salmon species), then by the results of 2014 year it will be about 890 thousand tons (135,5 thousand tons for salmon). I hope that with the preservation of the achieved rates of updating the onshore processing enterprises, updating and modernization of the fleet, we will be able to work more effectively next year. "

Despite the good performance, last year was very difficult for the fisheries complex of Kamchatka. Due to administrative barriers and multi-million dollar fines for formal violations, many companies had to think about survival. However, the end of the year still made a positive.

The State Duma adopted a bill providing for a notification procedure for repeated crossing of the state border of the Russian Federation by vessels for the purpose of merchant shipping, including vessels whose activities are related to fishing.

According to Vladimir Galitsyn, for the fishery complex of not only the Far East, but the whole country, this was the most significant event. The Minister of Fisheries recalled that the matter with the adoption of the law had moved from the dead center after the days of the Kamchatka Territory in the Federation Council. There, the Kamchatka delegation once again told the whole country about the problems of our fishermen. The amounts of fines and losses shocked even the most reserved senators. The speaker of the Federation Council, Valentina Matvienko, then assured the governor of an early resolution of the problem. Contrary to popular belief, the adoption of the law was not far off. Already on the eve of the large-scale pollock Putin many industrialists breathed a sigh of relief.

The author of the bill was State Duma deputy Irina Yarovaya and senator Viktor Ozerov. The amendment to the 19 part of the 9 article of the law "On the State Border of the Russian Federation" has been waiting a long time.

"Simplification of this procedure will significantly increase the economic effect of fishermen's economic activities," State Duma deputy Irina Yarovaya said. - Today, the situation when a vessel should interrupt fishing and return to the port to unload the fish looks ridiculous. It is impossible to do this, as a result of which companies incur huge additional financial costs. Moreover, today's situation places bona fide fishing companies in the category of offenders.

The cry of the Kamchatka fishermen’s soul was heard in Moscow, and work began on the mistakes that cost the industry’s infarction, hit the region’s budget painfully, gave a powerful tool to frontier guards for knocking out fines. ”

The fishermen sensed the sensible press of the controlling organs of the fishermen when the scandalous RF Government Resolution No. 560 "On obtaining permission for repeated crossing of the state border of the Russian Federation by Russian fishing vessels engaged in fishing for aquatic biological resources in inland sea waters, in the territorial sea, exclusive economic zone and (Or) on the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, and on exercising control over these fishing vessels ". This "cudgel" Kamchatka border guards waved since 5 September 2007 year. In addition to the immediate ones, they assumed the functions of customs, quarantine and sanitary, law enforcement bodies. The situation worsened many times, when last year an unfortunate amendment was passed prohibiting fishermen from repeatedly crossing the state border without permission. For a single violation of a single ship, the entire enterprise could forfeit the right to fish for a year. 30 steamships were forbidden to work the whole year for the fact that border guards for some reason did not accept the notice, although it was noted in the ship's log. This was the case with the company "Peoples of the North".

Last year, the following happened: the transport ship Okeanrybflot, following the port of Petropavlovsk, fell into a hurricane in the Kuril area. The captain decided to take cover from the storm behind the islands. Why did they punish the ship? The salvage of the crew is a direct duty of the captain, his duty according to the charter and conscience. Nevertheless, Okeanrybflot together with the captain have written down for explanatory not one dozen pages, answering the question: "Who gave you permission to cross the border?"

68 (!) Protocols on the illegal crossing of the state border were filed on the ships of Alexander Litvinenko, a fishing merchant.

Fishermen met the bill approvingly. Alexander Litvinenko, General Director of Tymlat Fish Processing Plant, believes that it is "positive that the draft federal law proposes to establish uniform requirements for vessels crossing the state border fishing in the exclusive economic zone and (or) on the continental shelf and other Russian vessels navigating between ports Or sea terminals of the country ".

"This can be adequately assessed by the entire fishing community only if a simplified procedure for crossing the state border is provided by simply notifying the border authorities," he said. "We, the fishermen of the Far East, do not need an analogue of the current Russian government decree 560, which only complicates the situation. There is no need for the next rules, which provide for a permissive order. "

According to him, “the position voiced by President V.V. Putin, in his address to the Federal Assembly, should exclude the creation of additional barriers to business. In this regard, I sincerely hope that the legislative bodies will create normal, simplified working conditions for fishermen for Russian fishing vessels. ” Removing the existing barrier will help to solve a number of tasks to ensure the food security of the population of the Russian Federation and protect the position of Russian producers in fish markets.

A similar opinion is shared by the director of Cargo Pacific LLC Evgeny Efimenko.

“Our company provides services for the transport of frozen fish. On the way from Kamchatka to Vladivostok, transport refrigerators willy-nilly cross the state border 4 times. The border guards stubbornly say that we are fishermen and, going to Vladivostok, must either close the border in the usual way, or use the 560-ruling. But in order to do this, it is necessary to be the owner of quotas, the transport refrigerator, as is known, has no quotas. It is also not possible to “close” in the usual manner and go to the capital of Primorye: we are bringing Russian fish to the Russian market. The border guards say: "If you have declared going abroad, be so kind as to pay customs duty for the cargo." The fisherman, who is provided with a service, replies: "I do not want to pay, I am taking fish from Russia to Russia." And he is right.

For other vessels, for example container ships, a notification order is provided. You go by the sea, when crossing the border, the captain sent a telegram to the border guards, and his actions are legal. For example, as a transport refiner, border guards have proved in court that they are fishermen, even if they do not fish. And for this category there is a declarative order. During the period when this leapfrogging lasted, the border guards "drew" us fines of nine million. (And in relation to the firm, cases were filed, seven protocols on administrative violations from 31 December 2013 on the events of November 2013 year.As if the border guards in Stakhanov fulfilled and exceeded the plan on the eve of the New Year. Note. Auth.) ", - he explained his position.

"From the news of the adoption of the amendment, I have only positive emotions - there will be no serious problem for the fishermen and transport workers ... Local authorities have done much to change the situation, the Minister of Fisheries of the Territory Vladimir Galitsyn did not write where he did not just jerk. But the federal government took a lot of time to make changes in the unfair and wrong law, "- summed up Yevgeny Efimenko.

Published in the newspaper "Fisherman of Kamchatka". - information partner of the publication.

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