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In the oil captivity
Why did the prices for gasoline go up in Kamchatka and how to get them back now?
Now a liter of AI-92 gasoline in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky costs 40,6 rubles, although in early March it could be bought for 38,8 rubles. Kamchatnefteprodukt (KNP) is engaged in retail sale of petroleum products in the region. The company raised prices twice: on March 9 (for AI-92 +50 kopecks) and on April 9 (for AI-92 +1,3 rubles), for a total of 1,8 rubles.
Recently, Kamchatnefteprodukt is a subsidiary of the Alliance Oil Company. The asset was acquired, as experts explain, to ensure the sale of products from the Khabarovsk refinery. Since the beginning of April, Kamchatnefteproduct has canceled the planned supplies of oil products from Rosneft - Vostoknefteprodukt - now Alliance will itself provide the subsidiary with gasoline and diesel fuel: Rosneft in March offered a price of 3 thousand rubles. (per ton of AI-92) higher than the price of the previous delivery and at the same time by 600 rubles. higher than the current price tag of its Vladivostok branch (delivery from the Komsomolsk refinery of Rosneft). The price of the Alliance is 500 rubles. cheaper than the offer of Rosneft and 500-1600 rubles. cheaper than the latest exchange prices (with delivery from the Achinsk refinery of Rosneft, from Gazpromneft, brought to the Primorsky terminal), "Alliance spokesman Andrei Rumyantsev told EastRussia.ru.
According to A. Rumyantsev, the cost of gasoline and diesel fuel of Kamchatnefteprodukt consists of the purchase price of auto fuel, transshipment through sea terminals, tanker freight, and the cost of delivering and delivering fuel through gas stations. “The incoming price increased from December to March, in terms of AI-92 liter, by 2,3 rubles, plus the handling (+ 40 kopecks) went up from January,” A. Rumyantsev said. At the same time, the price per liter of AI-92 on Kamchatnefteprodukt has risen by 1,8 rubles.
A representative of NK "Alliance" assured that the company was working on the possibility of reducing the price: "The General Director of Kamchatnefteprodukt Pavel Repetun arrived in Moscow, then the representatives of the head structure will leave for Kamchatka - we are ready to discuss the whole range of issues, taking into account the economics and social significance of oil products," A. Rumyantsev. - However, while we did not see the opportunities for cheaper prices. It will depend, first of all, on the dynamics of the price of oil raw materials. "
According to the OFAS for the Kamchatka Territory, there are no violations of the antimonopoly legislation in the actions of Kamchatnefteprodukt. However, UFAS checks only whether there has been a violation of the antimonopoly legislation. The company during the checks shows a minimum profitability. "We all understand that with a profitability not exceeding 10%, there can not be any monopoly price", - quotes the head of the economic department of the Kamchatka OFAS, Svetlana Porfiryeva, the official website of the Krai government.
One of the most effective measures that could stabilize the situation, the government sees the introduction of regulation of margins on fuel and lubricants. The government is scheduled to negotiate with the Alliance Oil Company on Monday, and concrete decisions should be expected next week. According to experts, it is interesting to follow the prospect of the case, which was also initiated by the OFAS in the Kamchatka Territory against OJSC Kamchatnefteprodukt - on the grounds of violation of Article 10 of the Law on Protection of Competition (“Prohibition on abuse of dominant position by an economic entity”).
Earlier, the governor of the Kamchatka Territory, Vladimir Ilyukhin, stated that the residents of the Kamchatka Territory had become “hostages” of the commercial interests of individual fuel companies: “The problem of rising gasoline prices in the region must be addressed comprehensively. In addition to the limitations of the allowances for the sale of gasoline, including in remote areas of Kamchatka, it is necessary to maximize competition in the fuel market of the peninsula, ”said the governor.
Meanwhile, experts interviewed by EastRussia.ru correspondent called for a broader approach and pay attention to new, including foreign, sources of fuel supplies. For example, the head of the department of oil and gas business and petrochemistry of the FEFU, Alexander Gulkov, is sure that under the current conditions "a reduction is possible only under the following circumstances:
A. Initiation of a government order to reduce the selling cost of delivering motor fuel from the mainland to remote areas (offsetting the costs of refineries due to taxes).
B. Creation of an alternative company for the production and sale of petroleum products (delivery of oil to Kamchatka and production on site, then using its oil from the shelf). Today, the construction of a mini-refinery in Kamchatka is quite realistic - this is 1-2 of the year.
B. Procurement of petroleum products abroad (South Korea) in cases of significant excess of the cost of oil products, since the transportation costs of supplies from Primorye and the Khabarovsk Territory are approximately equal to the cost of supply from South Korea, "A. Gulkov believes.
The co-director of the analytical department Investkafe Gregory Birg believes that lowering prices to the level of the beginning of 2014 of the year is unlikely, given the introduced tax maneuver mechanism and the increase in excise taxes on gasoline: “Carrying out tax maneuver, that is, increasing the mineral extraction tax and reducing export duties in the coming years will one of the reasons for the rise in oil prices in the domestic market, and as a result - the rise in fuel prices. This will also contribute to the growth of excise and stable high oil prices in international markets. According to the results of 2014, it is worth waiting for the increase in fuel prices within 7-10% ”.
“Transportation of petroleum products to Kamchatka is possible due to deliveries from Korea on a give-and-take basis. In addition, in South Korea there is a supply of fuel production capacity. In addition, in the 2011 year, even with duties, it was advisable to import oil products from Japan due to rising fuel prices in the Far East due to its shortage, - said G. Birg. - The capacities of the existing Sakhalin refinery will most likely not be able to cover the needs of Kamchatka for petroleum products. Transportation of petroleum products through the Northern Sea Route will be inefficient, since the main processing facilities are located in the Volga and Central Federal Districts ”
Reducing the price of petroleum products in the Kamchatka Territory is possible only after modernization at the Khabarovsk and Komsomolsk refineries, as well as their accession to the ESPO, which can reduce production costs, the expert said.