Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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In debt for a long time?

EastRussia understands the attempts of the Trans-Baikal Territory to pay off with state employees

In debt for a long time?

March will be remembered for the residents of the Trans-Baikal Territory, the first for 10 years of teachers' strike and meetings of large families under the windows of the regional government. The total debt of the region on social payments and salaries to state employees, according to the governor of the region Konstantin Ilkovsky, has approached 2 billion rubles. By April, the authorities managed to partially pay off their debts, but Mr. Ilkovsky is sure that without federal assistance in the future can not do.

Not enough billion

The first alarm bells sounded in Trans-Baikal schools at the end of last year - teachers received December salaries on the twentieth of January, and January salaries only in February, and even then not completely. However, the problem reached an alarming scale in mid-March: in several schools in the region, holidays began a week earlier - more than 60 teachers went on strike and refused to go to work. "Until March 14, teachers were supposed to receive an advance payment for February, but this never happened," Told the newspaper "Kommersant" the chairman of the trade union of workers of education of the Trans-Baikal Territory Nina Okuneva. At the same time, interruptions in wages in the region were noted not only by teachers, but also by all employees of the public sector. Pensioners, families with many children and orphans also did not receive their payments on time.

In March, mothers with many children went to pickets at the building of the government of the Trans-Baikal Territory four times. They receive benefits three months late and in reduced amounts. “Some were given the January allowance for the third child in full, some - only a part. Some received 7192 rubles, others - 8611 rubles, - Told participant of one of the rallies, - The fact is that since the new year the allowance has been indexed. But why did this indexing turn out to be so “selective”? Why does some well-fed official decide whether to give me my money or not, and how much to give? Is this a private shop? Where is our money? How should we feed our children? How can we live? We try to find out about the money at least by phone, and officials either feed us "breakfast", or openly rude and hang up! "

After the strikes began, the prosecutor's office of the Trans-Baikal Territory became interested in the situation. In the Office Found outthat the actual amount of wage arrears is not less than 1 billion rubles, although "the executive authorities of the region do not have uniform and agreed information about the arrears." The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the region reported a debt to state employees in the amount of about 1 billion rubles (local budgets owe 448 million rubles, and the regional budget - 592 million rubles). However, the regional Ministry of Finance calculated that only the regional budget did not pay 890 million rubles. Salaries were not received not only by teachers and doctors, but also by employees of institutions subordinated to the regional Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Industrial Policy, the Ministry of Physical Education and Sports, the State Veterinary Service, the State Forest Service, the State Employment Service, the Department of Civil defense and fire safety, the Department of State Property and Land Relations, as well as employees of the executive authorities of the region.

In addition, the Prosecutor's Office noticed and non-fulfillment by the regional authorities of "social obligations aimed at ensuring state support for families, motherhood, fatherhood and childhood." During the inspections, numerous facts of delays in various social payments were revealed - this led to "an increase in social tension in society", and in a number of cases the parents were "unable to provide their children with adequate nutrition." The January monthly child allowances for low-income families, as well as payments to large families, were paid only in March, and arrears remained in February and March. Worst of all, according to the prosecutor's office, is the situation with the provision of additional guarantees to orphans studying in colleges and technical schools - the regional ministry of education, science and youth policy owes them a total of 31 million rubles. In addition to a monthly stipend (784 rubles) and travel expenses (500 rubles), such children are entitled to 100 rubles a day for meals. “In such a situation, in some educational institutions for students of this category, teachers were forced to feed the children at their own expense,” the department was horrified.

"We are not insured against delays"

According to the prosecutor's office, millions of debts were formed due to “the lack of tax and non-tax revenues in the consolidated budget of the Trans-Baikal Territory,” and are also associated with the inaction of regional executive authorities. The Minister of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Dmitry Livanov called the delay in teachers' salaries unacceptable, and explained the arrears of arrears with a "cash gap". “What is called a cash gap has happened — income does not cover expenses,” explained Mr. Livanov. “The situation was the same last year. Then the region received a loan from a commercial bank, but not this year, which led to a delay in salary. The State Duma also reacted to the regional crisis - deputy from the Trans-Baikal Territory Joseph Kobzon Advised teachers should show tolerance and remember how during the war years school teachers had to go out with their children to be shot. “Yes, now is not a war, but you have to endure. There must be some kind of tolerance of society towards what is happening in the country, and the country needs to take care of its citizens as much as possible, ”Mr. Kobzon instructed the strikers.

Based on the results of the inspections, the prosecutor's office made a submission to the governor demanding to eliminate violations of the budget and labor legislation. In addition, the unnamed leaders of the executive authorities of the Trans-Baikal Territory received warnings. They were reminded of criminal liability for articles on negligence (Article 293 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) and on non-payment of wages, benefits, scholarships and other payments (Article 145.1 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation). After the adopted measures, salaries were partially paid, and striking teachers returned to schools, but the regional budget's resources to pay off the debt in full are unlikely to be enough.

March 29 live regional TV channel "Chita", Mr. Ilkovsky did not give hope to the residents of the region. “We are not insured against delays,” the governor said, “We take, of course, all efforts: today the salary of the entire budgetary sector for February has been paid in full.” He added that “normative public obligations”, including veteran and guardianship payments, and also allowances to large families will be paid in early April. Immediately after that, the authorities will take up the March commitments. "Nevertheless, I want to say that the situation is not easy," Ilkovsky admitted.

How difficult, it became clear two days later: at a meeting of the Russian Trilateral Commission for the Regulation of Social and Labor Relations, the governor asked the government for a subsidy of 6,3 billion rubles from the federal budget and 9,2 billion rubles in the form of a budget loan, noting that the salary debt to public sector employees in the region is about 2 billion rubles, and for social benefits - 785 million rubles. “Without a special subsidy to support measures to ensure a balanced budget in the amount of 6,3 billion rubles, it will be practically impossible to get out of the current situation, and we will have to go with a constant monthly delay,” Mr. Ilkovsky complained to the members of the commission. In his report, he noted that although the February salaries were paid to public sector employees, the carryover March arrears still amount to 2 billion rubles. According to the governor, difficulties arose due to the fact that the regional budget expenditures in 2015 increased by 10 billion rubles, while revenues remained at the same level. In addition, the regional authorities failed to agree on loans with banks. “We announced a competition, but no one even wanted to take part,” the governor complained.

In response, Deputy Prime Minister Olga Golodets instructed the regional authorities to draw up a cash execution plan for their budget. “I will ask the working group to look, because for the first time we have such a precedent in recent years that the salaries of state employees are not paid in the region,” said Ms. Golodets. "There is revenues in the budget, it's just a matter of priority, as I understand it." What the final amount of federal aid to the region will be remains unclear. According to Governor Ilkovsky, the decision on the budget loan (9,2 billion rubles) has already been made, and the region will start receiving money in the near future, but it is not clear whether a subsidy (6,3 billion rubles) will be allocated. “The final decision will be made in the second half of 2015,” the official said.

By the way

The last major public-sector strike took place in the Chita region in 2004. Then the wage arrears in the regional education system amounted to 40 million rubles, in connection with which the teachers of 26 schools did not come to work. Teachers' meetings were joined by doctors, cultural workers and pensioners. This year on salary delays complained teachers of the Murmansk region и Ingushetia.

In accordance with the May decrees of President Vladimir Putin, signed in 2012, teachers' salaries must be equal to the average salary in the economy in the region and cannot fall below this level. The presidential administration regularly monitors the implementation of the decrees, and Mr. Putin himself has repeatedly stated that failure to comply with these requirements threatens "public political personal responsibility."

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