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In Albazino, a mass grave was discovered

In Albazino, a mass grave was discovered

Andrey Cherkasov

Scientific secretary of the Petropavlovsk Foundation

Andrey Cherkasov, Head of the Albazin Expedition, Scientific Secretary of the Petropavlovsk Foundation:

- “Albazinskaya Expedition” was initiated and organized by our Foundation and the Center for the Preservation of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Amur Region in 2011. The project involves a complex of activities of a different nature. In particular, the conduct of archaeological research at the site of the monument of federal significance “The Settlement“ Albazinsky Ostrog ”” with the use of high-precision technologies; support and modernization of the largest cultural institutions of the region; research work with artifacts; replenishment of museum funds; restoration of historical and cultural monuments; educational work through the publication of scientific articles in major specialized publications and participation in specialized events; patriotic work with young people.

During the expedition this year, during excavations of the monument "Gorodische" Albazinskaya Fortress ", a mass burial of Cossacks was discovered. Presumably, this could be one of the "scoundrel" - the communal graves of the defenders of the 17th-century prison. Already at the time of the clearing of the burials the remains of more than twenty people have been uncovered. The last time such a mass grave was found here, in Albazino, in 1992 year. Then the earth was lifted and reburied 57 bodies. We have every reason to believe that we will be able to obtain a significant archaeological material.

The fact that it is the XVII century confirms the found objects, for example buttons, and the very form of burial. The discovered skuadelnitsa is a large semi-dugout with the remains of a pillar structure and a door jamb. The buried ones lie in rows in several tiers. Usually such burials were arranged during any extreme events - wars or epidemics, in which there was no possibility to bury individually.

Above the main excavation there is a large tent, which allows us to work in all weather conditions. Ahead of us is a long and laborious work, as the analysis of burials is one of the most complex operations in archeology. All the results are carefully recorded, photographs and sketches are made. All the soil taken from the dugout is carefully washed and sieved to not miss the smallest finds.

After a thorough study and fixation - the remains of the dead Cossacks will be reburied in accordance with the Orthodox tradition.

I want to note that the discovery of the burial of the defenders of Fort Albazin is a very important event for historical science and society. The burials of the Russian population of Siberia and the Far East during the period of the excavation movement are now practically not studied. And this is a great opportunity to get unique archaeological and anthropological material. Its study will help to better understand the process of settling the territory of the Amur region by the Russian population, as well as shed light on the problems of the genesis of the Russian ethnos in the XNUMXth century.

The discovery of the burial is another reason to remember the defenders of the Albazin fort, who defended the borders of our Motherland at the cost of their lives. Their study and subsequent reburial in accordance with the Orthodox tradition is our moral duty.

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