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In the light genre of serious
Amursky writer Yevgeny Goncharov on the history of the east of Russia and resettlement campaigns
Eugene Goncharov writes his stories and stories, drawing topics from local border realities. His literary heroes do not carry in themselves anything heroic, they are often even negative characters, and yet they are somewhat sympathetic to the reader. The heroic pathos in these works is replaced by irony, historical facts can be woven into fantastic stories. So a journalist with 20-year experience, a researcher of the east of Russia and China through mass literature tries to convey to the reading public the uniqueness and color of the native land, to make it more understandable for the Russian citizen. Details - in the material from the series "Unsuccessful" on EastRussia.
Many friends and acquaintances of Goncharova moved to permanent residence in other regions and countries. One of his daughters lives in St. Petersburg, the other on the island of Guam. The writer himself spent three years in China.
- Just like 50 years ago, and today, the state conducts various resettlement campaigns. Then it was called the raising of virgin soil, today it is called the Far Eastern hectare. Then there was a stimulus for the migrant - lifting, now - free land. I’m not going to talk about the events of half a century ago, because I didn’t see it myself, but from the very beginning something went wrong with the Far Eastern hectare. A hectare of land in an uninhabited area is akin to a hectare on the moon. So it was with the return of compatriots, and with the adoption of Ukrainian refugees. One gets the impression that people in the capital's offices take away our writer's bread - a sort of Moscow ring-fiction.
The Far East, especially its north - a territory that will never be a priority for a person when choosing a permanent residence, Yevgeny Goncharov is sure. There are natural migration processes. Many northerners tend to move south, because there is elementary warmer, and therefore more comfortable to live. Here, for obvious reasons, there are fewer opportunities to find work for the soul and with a decent salary than in cities with a million population.
- "The fish is looking for deeper, and man - where is better" - so nature is arranged. Our Far Eastern living conditions do not meet the demands of a man of the 21st century, and they are unlikely to answer in the foreseeable future. Always from the villages they try to move to the regional center, from there to the capital of the region, and then on. As a variant of attracting the population to our region - living in the south of the Amur and Primorye with shift work in the taiga and in the north. For some time to suffer mosquitoes and frosts for a decent reward, and then with pleasure to return to a comfortable environment.
The opportunity to leave Blagoveshchensk was with Yevgeny Goncharov more than once, the writer admits. But always at the last moment something stopped.
- In my youth I drove in both directions the conductor of the car on the Vladivostok-Kharkov train. And with the intersection of every time zone observed changes in people. The Far Eastern, Transbaikalian, Oriental, Central and Western Siberians, Urals, Volzhans are like separate ethnic groups of the Russian people. I will not say which of them is better, but they are all slightly different. You meet in Moscow a resident of Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, Magadan - and you feel some kind of kinship of souls, - he shares.
Due to many geographic and economic reasons, the Far East differs significantly from other regions of the country. So it was 150 years ago, so it is now. The story of the writer's family Goncharov is an additional confirmation.
- I am a native Far East already in the fourth generation - the great-grandson of the gold miner, the grandson of the smuggler, the son of a railwayman. My grandmother on the maternal line lived with her husband in the village of Andreevka, Ivanovo district. After the tragic death of his grandfather, to feed the children's gang, she moved to Blagoveshchensk. My mother (then a ten-year-old girl Zoya Fisenko) with her younger sister walked from the village of Andreevka to Blagoveshchensk. It's six dozen kilometers. In the regional center even then it was easier to find earnings, rather than in the village. In Soviet times, as today, Westerners were recruited to relocate to us. So here was my father Peter Goncharov, born under Lugansk. In the ranks of the Red Army, he was in the Far East, and he stayed here. In Belogorsk (the former Kuybyshevka-East), the village shepherd received the profession of an assistant machinist, then he was transferred to Blagoveshchensk. Here, in the maternity home with a view of China, I was born.
With age, Yevgeny Goncharov's interest in local history was awakened. Forgotten and unappreciated, in his opinion. For this, the writer examines historical documents and on their basis creates his own works. In the hope that the Far East will appreciate, perhaps, at least a little more.
- As a writer I try to break free to the all-Russian level in order to convey to the widest possible range that we are losing, - reveals Goncharov's maps. - After all, all modern mass culture (and cinema, and commercial literature) is based on historical events framed in more popular forms. I also do this through my fiction. Her, as people who understand, say, easily and simply put in the script. There are a lot of historical documents that very few people will read just for the sake of their entertainment. Notes of R.K. Maaka, M.I. Veniukova, R.K. Bogdanova - how to make them more attractive? Take as the basis of the adventure story, even with elements of fiction. The main thing is not to overdo it so it does not work out.
In the creative bag of Evgeny Goncharov there are both books and publications in various almanacs and thick magazines.
- My collections of stories and stories, it is possible, get lost in the book shaft. Now it is not a problem to publish a book, there would be money. But the publication in the journal "Far East" and in the almanac "Priamurye" - "netlenka", - the writer smiles. - And the Internet is for us, writers, to help. Digital books do not yet constitute a competition for paper, but this will happen very soon.
Now Eugene Goncharov is writing a new work - this is an easy adventure story with elements of fiction. All elements of the fashionable now "action" are taken from the real diary of one of the Russian pioneers of the Amur region.
- Three miles from Blagoveshchensk is a commemorative sign in honor of the Treaty of Aygun, signed by Russia and China 16 (28) May 1858 - the most important fact of Russian history. It was installed in the place where Nikolay Nikolayevich Muravyov's camp tent stood, then not yet Amursky. No first person of the USSR and the Russian Federation visited this monument. Only once in this sacred place Cesarevitch Nicholas visited. I invite Russian President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, instead of another random meeting with fishermen, to come to Blagoveshchensk and lay flowers to this monument. And there, you'll see, and the imitative imitators will follow. Envy - a bad feeling, but we, the Far East, do not understand why spend so much money on holding an annual jam festival in Moscow. Give us a slice of this budget pie for organizing, say, Albazinsky celebrations.
From such seemingly trivialities, the attitude of people to a place develops. And since this land got us so easily - without many years of bloody wars, they don’t really appreciate it, Yevgeny Goncharov speaks about the current attitude towards his small homeland. With the help of his works, he dreams to somehow influence public opinion, changing it in favor of the Far East.
Hydroelectric power stations, deposits of gold and other metals, coal, forest reserves, now also the cosmodrome - all this we now have thanks to NN. Muraviev-Amursky and his companions, as well as thousands of unknown soldiers, Cossacks and peasants-settlers. The Far East still has untouched wildlife in many places - clear rivers, broad steppes and virgin forests. And the theme of preserving this ecological wealth is as important as the historical one.
"We should not take the quantity, but the quality of the settlers," our interlocutor is convinced. - Those who come here consciously and fall in love with our region, will become true Far Easterners. So it's not a pity to pay a lift and give the land for free. And about those who remain here, it will not hurt to take more care.