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In the fight for air
Transbaikalia is looking for ways to reduce air pollution
The Trans-Baikal Territory continues to occupy the first lines of ratings of regions with the dirtiest air. In the coming years, authorities plan to reduce atmospheric pollution by 22%. In the meantime, environmentalists are talking about the excess of benzapyrene - the product of low-efficiency combustion - in the air over Chita and Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky, which were included in the list of the dirtiest cities in Russia.
CHP and barracks
The priority pollutants of the Chita air basin are: suspended solids, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, hydrogen sulfide, phenol, formaldehyde, soot and benzopyrene. As a result, this leads to morbidity among residents. The leading position among all age groups is occupied by respiratory diseases.
To improve the environmental situation in the region, it is proposed to relocate residents from the barracks with stove heating to apartment buildings. According to the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of Transbaikalia Svetlana Trofimova, the private sector with furnace heating is one of the main sources of air pollution in Chita. Therefore, their resettlement would help reduce the burden on the environment. In addition, the Ministry of Natural Resources proposed gasification of the private sector, and so far they are considering the possibility of transferring one microdistrict.
However, there are more powerful “polluters” in the region. According to the Ministry of Natural Resources of Transbaikalia, the main emissions in Chita come from CHP-1 and CHP-2. The main heat supplier in the region is Territorial Generation Company No.14 (TKG-14). The air pollution over Chita is explained there by the difficult dispersion conditions. Over the city almost always, especially in winter, a dense cloud of pollutants hangs. At the same time, the company notes that even if you remove the CHP-1 and CHP-2, the situation will not change for the better. Correcting the situation is possible only if the inefficient boiler houses are removed and the private sector is connected to the district heating supply.
“Money for the development of design estimates for the transfer of two boiler houses in the city to district heating was allocated this year from the regional budget. Contracts have already been concluded to close the boiler room on Shilova Street and Verkholenskaya Street. The deadlines for the first contract will end this year, the second - next, ”said the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources of the region.
The Ministry of Natural Resources of Transbaikalia has already developed a plan to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Within its framework, in Chita, it is planned to modernize or completely shut down 16 boiler houses, connect new microdistricts to district heating and establish new automatic stations for monitoring atmospheric air. In total, the implementation of the plan requires 7,1 billion rubles, of which 6,9 billion rubles are federal funds.
The railroad also contributes to air pollution in Transbaikalia. This year, the Trans-Baikal Railway installed new dust and gas cleaning equipment at its seven boiler houses in Chita and 12 in other cities in the region. This allowed to reduce emissions of pollutants from their activities by 20%.
One of the measures to improve the situation is the transition to environmentally friendly modes of transport. According to Svetlana Trofimova, this year the regional budget provided 31 million rubles for the development of design estimates for the trolleybus line to Kashtak, the contract has already been signed, and implementation is expected in December. It is planned that 70 trolleybuses will enter the line. In addition, Rosprirodnadzor is considering a comprehensive plan updated by the regional ministry, which proposes the construction of another trolleybus line to Sosnovy Bor.
“As for the line to KSK, 16 million rubles are supposed to be developed for the development of documentation, at the moment the city is preparing tender documents. In total, 2,9 billion rubles will be spent on this area. The expected effect is the reduction of harmful emissions by 1,5 thousand tons, ”said Svetlana Trofimova.
Despite the fact that the dirty air of the Trans-Baikal Territory has been in the anti-ratings for a year, there is still no law on the protection of atmospheric air in the region. According to the deputy minister, a federal project for the purification of atmospheric air is being implemented in the region, however, “there is no legislative base.” Deputies of the regional parliament said they were ready to take part in the development of the bill.
In Transbaikalia they decided to develop and adopt the regional law "Clean Air". To get to the budget for next year with him, you will have to develop a document in a short time. If this succeeds, then according to the plan by 2022, air pollution in the region, in particular in Chita, will decrease by 22%.
A federal program to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere should help achieve such indicators. In cities with the highest levels of air pollution, including Chita, a set of measures is envisaged that will result in a reduction in total emissions.