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Thousand tons of fresh vegetables for the Far East
The TOP regime turned out to be in demand for investors in greenhouse complexes. Details of the main projects - in the review of EastRussia
Within the framework of the Eastern Economic Forum, a session "TOP for investors: minimum risks and maximum profitability. Success stories ». Participants in the discussion will not only talk about changes in the legislation necessary for the development of such territories, but they will also get an idea of the first success stories. One of the participants of the session will be the general director of the Russian-Japanese company JGC Evergreen (JGC Evergreen) Tomoyuki Igarasi.
Agreement on the implementation of activities in the TOP Khabarovsk Development Corporation of the Far East and JG SE Evergreen signed in 2015 in October. After that, the site boiled on the site - the investor built a greenhouse complex with an area of 2,5 ha, designed to grow 1000 tons of tomatoes and cucumbers per year. In May 2016 the first crop was harvested in the complex.
Although the project was conceived even before the appearance of the TOP, to become a resident of a new Russian-Japanese company pushed tax incentives for doing business. They receive new enterprises registered in the territories of advanced development. "JCG Evergreen" was entitled to preferential rates for insurance contributions to the pension fund and social security fund, income tax and property tax benefits.
"The successful development of the project is facilitated by the preferences of the residents of the TOP, giving good opportunities for doing business," the company's CEO Tomoyuki Igarasi. It is said that at the investment stage the company had problems with the infrastructure - because of the delay in supplying gas, it was risky not just to waste time, but also to get serious damage (snow accumulated on the glass roofs and could squeeze them). But the Japanese were bold investors.
The company plans to expand the territory of the greenhouse complex to 10 ha. This will satisfy the need of residents of the Khabarovsk Territory and neighboring regions in fresh vegetables throughout the year. The total investment in the three stages of construction will be about 2 billion rubles. 64 workstations are already created, they are planned to increase them to 140. "JG SE Evergreen became one of the first residents of the Khabarovsk TOR and is a successful example of the implementation of an agricultural project within the territory of the advanced development," noted the Director General of the Far East Development Corporation Denis Tikhonov.
Next year, the company plans to expand the range of yellow, red and orange peppers. In the future, JJ SE Evergreen will grow strawberries. It is expected that the production of vegetables will reduce the import of products from China. Moreover, in the future, fresh vegetables can be delivered to China during the winter season.
"Many regions are looking for an opportunity to build greenhouses for growing fresh vegetables, so we see a great potential for the development of greenhouse complexes in the Far East," says Mr. Igarashi. And, indeed, another greenhouse project was announced in the industrial park "Kangalassy" in Yakutia. In this TOP Yakut people managed to lure another Japanese corporation - Hokkaido, ready to invest 1,24 billion rubles in the construction of a year-round greenhouse for growing vegetables and greenery in Yakutsk (total investment in the project - 1,33 billion rubles). According to EastRussia, on the site, which is being built, by the way, on permafrost, roofing is already underway. Commissioning of 1,6 hectare of high-tech greenhouses is scheduled for 2017 year, and by 2020 it is planned to double the area. By 2021, the company will reach full production capacity up to 2,2 thousand tons of agricultural products per year - tomatoes, tomatoes and greens. Hokkaido's confidence in the successful implementation of the project is based mainly on the fact that in Yakutsk the gas price is cheaper 12 times than on the Japanese island of Hokkaido.
The third major greenhouse project is implemented by LLC "Green Farm" in the TOP "Kamchatka". The company invests 1,2 billion in the construction of a year-round greenhouse complex in the village. Thermal of the Elizovsky district of the Kamchatka region. About half of the investment amount will be a loan to the RSHB. The area of the complex, which will be built on the territory of the agro-industrial park "Zelenovskie ozerki", will be 5 hectares. With reaching the designed capacity, its productivity should be 2 thousand tons of cucumbers per year, 1 thousand tons of tomatoes per year and up to 400 thousand pieces of salads.
The project is extremely important for Kamchatka, taking into account its isolation and climatic constraints: as a result of its implementation, the self-sustainment ratio for vegetables as a whole along the edge should increase from 10% to 25%. Currently in the Kamchatka Territory about 17 thousand tons per year of vegetables of closed soil (tomatoes, cucumbers, greens) are consumed. The dacha farms and enterprises located in the Elizovo district produce no more than 2 thousand tons (10%). "About 70% of vegetables are imported to the peninsula from China. These products are not always of good quality. We studied the experience in Russia and realized that the solution to the problem could be the creation of greenhouse complexes in Kamchatka. They can be created practically in any conditions, even in conditions of risky farming, "- says the director of the enterprise" Green Farm " Andrei Abikh.
The same picture - in the Khabarovsk Territory and Yakutia. The dominance of Chinese vegetables in the absence of their own greenery produced on an industrial scale. It is interesting that if the investor is Russian in Kamchatka, then the Japanese companies settled in two other greenhouse projects. At least three pluses - access to cheap gas necessary for the effective operation of greenhouses, preferential TOR regimes, as well as the availability of open markets for fresh vegetables and herbs - have clearly worked in this case. A pioneer among Japanese investors was the company JG SE Evergreen.
"During the discussion at the Forum, I want to present my opinion on the pros and cons of investing in the Russian Far East, as well as to convey information for enterprises that are only considering the possibility of entering the Russian market or the possibility of investing. I hope this will help the new enterprises, and will be the impetus for the further development of the business. The forum is held every year, so the Russian authorities show their serious attitude towards the development of the Far East. This means that investors who conduct business in the region, can be calm, "- shared the expectations of the Forum Tomoyuki Igarasi.