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TOP was proposed to be shortened
The Communist Party embarrassed 70-year period of existence of territories of advanced development
Communist deputies Alexei Kornienko and Nikolai Arefiev have submitted to the State Duma a draft amendment to the federal law № 473-FZ "On the territories of advanced social and economic development in the Russian Federation." They propose to adjust the basic conditions for functioning of the territories of advanced development (TORs): to shorten the validity period of the regime from 70 to 30 years, to register specific options for using property created in the TOP, by those who lost their resident status, and to assign control over the use of public funds in TOP The Accounts Chamber as "the most competent body in Russia, capable of identifying all problems in the field of financing and misuse of public funds."
The term for establishing the TOP in 70 years, follows from the explanatory note to the bill, the deputies from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation considered it too long: during such a time, the construction created at the beginning of the functioning of the construction regime may become unusable, and the people who will sign the agreement on the TOP, after 70 years will no longer survive, the communists argue. In their opinion, the territory given away for 70 years will forever remain with the "resident" of the country from which he came. As a historical example, the authors of the bill cite the fate of Alaska, leased to the United States for 49 years, but never returned to Russia. The term of 30 years is the term for strategic planning in Russia, the communists continue, accordingly, there should be no agreements that do not fit into this framework. In addition, now, according to the law, upon the expiration of the "residence", the relevant counterparty has the right to dispose of the property created by him at his own discretion. And this does not exclude the possibility of property destruction, insist in the Communist Party.
EastRussia help: Since the adoption of the Federal Law "On TOP", the State Duma approved only one draft amendments to it - on expanding the category of single-industry municipalities of the Russian Federation, in whose territories it is allowed to create a TOP, by including single-industry municipalities classified in the second category. The draft was submitted in April 2016 by deputies Vasily Ikonnikov, Nikolai Kharitonov, Oleg Kulikov (Communist Party of the Russian Federation), Anatoly Aksakov (Fair Russia), Alfiya Kogogina and Viktor Shreider (United Russia). Similar projects were previously introduced by the Legislative Assembly of the Kaluga Region (October 29, 2015 and Deputy Vasily Ikonnikov (August 20, 2015), but the Duma withdrew them from consideration. On July 23, 2015, members of the Federation Council Bair Zhamsuev, Stepan Zhiryakov, Deputy Vladimir Pozdnyakov (Communist Party of the Russian Federation) and the Legislative Assembly of the Trans-Baikal Territory introduced a draft that provides for the possibility of creating a TOR in five subjects of the Siberian Federal District from January 1, 2016: the Republic of Buryatia, Irkutsk Region, Transbaikal Territory, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Republic of Khakassia.The bill also did not reach the voting stage.
The Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East has not yet entered into a public discussion with the authors of the amendments to the law on TOP: the initiative was sent to the Duma Committee on Economic Policy, Industry, Innovative Development and Entrepreneurship, but it has not yet been discussed. But the state secretary of the department, Pavel Volkov, who is responsible for legislative activity in the ministry, explained to EastRussia why the argumentation of the authors of the bill, as officials believe, is wrong. According to him, the period of operation of the TOP regime for 70 years is "not a long period, but the stability of investing funds in it": "By indicating it, the state, one might say, hints that it is desirable that its activities on the territory of the TOP finished not after 10-15 years, but committed during the entire period of the regime's existence. " Mr. Volkov calls the analogy with Alaska "a direct populist statement."
The possibility of exterminating the created property by the former residents of the TOP by communists is considered by the representative of the Ministry of Regional Development to be "unbelievable": "Somebody investing in something of his own means is certainly not crazy to destroy this something, and not sell at his own Leaving for another territory. " And on the proposal of the Communist Party deputies to connect to the control over spending in the Far East, the Accounts Chamber, Pavel Volkov, replied: "Whoever implements the projects should be responsible for spending the money." In the case of the TOP, it is the Minsk region. "In the Far East, various supervisory organizations Much more than willing to invest: and more, and more than enough, and they exercise their control vigilantly and remarkably. "
However, the representatives of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation against the TOP do not end with this claim. Alexei Kornienko told EastRussia that the TOP generally "gives little to those regions on whose territory they are located." As an example, he cites the TOP in the Mikhailovsky district, the head of one of the settlements of which told the deputy that "there is still no work there - the residents of the settlement in the TOP do not take work, but residents of China or Uzbekistan are involved there." They have not yet felt large tax revenues from the TOP in the settlements: of all regional and local types of fees, enterprises under the preferential regime are not exempt only from paying personal income tax. "Moreover, the municipalities are seriously damaged, since due to the replacement of their taxpayers with the enterprises of the TOP, they lose a large part of tax revenues, without receiving any compensation for this loss," the deputy says. As such, the effectiveness of the TOP can only be expected no earlier than 15 years later, which is shown by the similar experience of China, and then, to obtain the effect, highly qualified specialists are needed, who are now simply absent in the Far East, says Alexey Kornienko. A business that finds itself in the "greenhouse conditions" of the TOP finds itself in a more advantageous situation than enterprises that have managed to survive in the last 25 years, therefore, the economy of the Far East needs to be supported "not pointwise, but comprehensively," says the communist.
Such arguments, we note, are far from new: they were cited by opponents of the TOP idea over the past two years, and the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East has long found answers to them. Pavel Volkov, in an interview with EastRussia, for example, emphasized that regional and municipal budgets, due to the TOP regime, are deprived of their taxes only for a while (namely, for 10 years), and since we are talking about the creation of new industries, they receive nothing , they don't lose anything. There can be no talk of a large number of citizens of Uzbekistan or China involved in TOP enterprises, the official insists: the law on the TOP stipulates a restriction on attracting foreign labor by residents - no more than 20%.
Aleksey Kornienko, however, insists that the bill developed by representatives of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation should be adopted. 70 years for the TOP is too long "also because after such a period it is simply impossible to summarize the work of both the TOP itself and the work of a particular company within it," he says. "A period of 30 years will give some clarity to the investors themselves regarding their activities. Provided they invest in a certain time frame, in order to achieve this or that result, they will have to give their best - that is, work more efficiently. In terms of making a profit, of course, not development of the territory, but more efficiently, "- said the communist. "To argue that the destruction of property after the termination of residence is impossible due to the adequacy of investors is very bold. Investors today are completely different, and as usual they build not capital structures, but a hangar type. And if not the prospect of destruction, no one has canceled what is being produced in the world today. when taking care of oneself, transferring one's property not even to other regions, but to other countries, "says Aleksey Kornienko.