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Territory of Freedom
"We want to do an experiment in Primorye"
- Sergey Viktorovich, you sent out a bill on the free port of Vladivostok 56 to public organizations, enterprises connected with the port infrastructure, businessmen, and received an 91 proposal for revision. Which of these proposals do you consider to be the most important?
- This is perhaps the first bill when the federal government hears us and together with us finalizes the final version of the document. Many experts who expressed their opinions and proposals at the “zero readings” in the Public Chamber did not know that these changes were taken into account in the second version of the bill. We got some déjà vu: when the first time representatives of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East arrived with the first version of the bill in Primorye, we criticized, discussed loudly, swore. We were united by only one goal: we want to make an experiment on the territory of the region - to make a breakthrough. After a heated debate, the second version was born.
We took into account the main proposals that came from experts, from deputies, from municipalities, from business related to logistics, from ports, from investment investors, etc. And if we are talking about the second version of the bill, then many questions have already been removed. For example, we talked about unnecessary powers of management companies - in the second version they are not.
The main proposals that came from representatives who studied the first version of the document concern administrative barriers, customs regulations, other procedural things important for the territory of the free port.
- One of the experts called the "zero readings" of the draft law on the free port euphoria, because there are not enough legal mechanisms. What is your opinion?
- It is necessary to look very clearly at the mechanisms for implementing the bill. Of course, legal mechanisms are complex, and we ourselves will insist on improving their aspects. We take an active part in the consideration of the draft law: we look at what is being taken into account, is not taken into account, somewhere we argue with the Ministry of Eastern Development, but we are following it in the same trend, supporting the very idea of this document.
- In general, how does the Primorye business perceive this bill?
- We arrived in Moscow for the “zero readings” of the draft law in the Public Chamber by a large delegation of about 15 people, and the general attitude - of business representatives, port infrastructure, and the authorities - is to support the concept of the draft law in the second version. Members of the Public Board, experts acted as consultants who help us to clarify the norms, to prescribe more clearly the regulations, to synchronize the work of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East and the regional administration on what and where needs to be clarified so that loopholes for corruption do not appear in the law, or, conversely, this or another norm became inoperative.
- After what time can we expect an economic effect from the law?
- On the basis of the Far Eastern Federal University, scientists together with the administration of the city of Vladivostok are developing a business model and a miscalculation of its economic efficiency. So far we have not come to a common opinion, with business for example, about tax preferences and the forms that should be.
What are we trying to do now? We are talking about how we should calculate the economic model and the consequences that will be in the region after the adoption of this bill in the medium and long term. We asked Minvostokrazvitiya to analyze the financial and economic consequences for budgets of different levels (local, regional, federal) in order to conduct research with those municipalities that, under the second version of the bill, will enter the free port of Vladivostok.
- It is implied that the free port will include not one Vladivostok, but entire 12 municipalities. Do you think this is too big scope?
- According to your forecasts, when will there be a free port in Vladivostok?
- Primorsky Territory and Vladivostok are more interested in this bill than anyone else. Perhaps because the genetic memory of Vladivostok residents is strong: the bill goes beyond the term “free port”. This is a territory of freedom for a free city. We want the bill to be passed this year, so that it works in 2016.