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Typhoon Lyonroc: Primorye is taking lessons
Valentin Basargin, Director of the Department of Civil Protection of the Primorsky Territory, tells how he fought against the consequences of the typhoon,
Typhoon Lionrok, who passed through Primorye in the first days of September this year, divided the region into two halves in a matter of hours: the relatively prosperous southern part and severely affected northern regions. And if Vladivostok and its surroundings survived the elements without any difficulties, then many settlements in the north of the province were completely decommunicated, deprived of roads, electricity and, often, means of communication with the "big earth". In the region, a federal emergency regime was introduced, and the president personally addressed the reports of the head of the Ministry of Emergency Measures and the Governor of Primorye to eliminate the consequences of the typhoon. The presence of the head of state in Vladivostok in those days undoubtedly affected the acceleration of the interaction of many structures involved in operational work to save people, to provide assistance and further eliminate the consequences of the typhoon. In the very shortest time, under the order of the Defense Ministry, military equipment was allocated for rendering assistance, more than 3,5 thousand troops were sent to the affected areas. Valentine Basargin, Director of the Department of Civil Protection of the Primorsky Territory, told the EastRussia correspondent how various structures fought with the consequences of the typhoon and interacted with each other.
- Valentin Dmitrievich, what is the main task of your department?
- The main task of the department's specialists is precisely to organize a clear interaction of various structures when working in emergency situations. We establish operational work on the ground with local governments and organizations whose powers include resolving issues of protecting the population and territories from emergency situations, ensuring human security. We are included in such work both at the regional and district levels. For us, any situation that does not necessarily have a global scale within the Primorye - flooding of the area in the area, the outlet of the river from the coast as a result of precipitation or floods - is already a municipal emergency. To localize the situation, to protect the population, to communicate clearly and quickly to residents important information, organize the work of temporary accommodation points, work to eliminate the consequences and prevent further threats - these are perhaps our main tasks, which we solve on a daily basis.
- But the department is not responsible for heavy rescue equipment and groups of specially trained rescuers - this is the responsibility of other departments, with which you, of course, closely cooperate. Please tell us which organizations took part in the aftermath of Lyonrok?
- The Primorsky Territorial Subsystem of the Emergency Situations and Emergency Situations Dispatching System operates in the Territory, which operates at the regional, municipal and facility levels, and a disaster relief commission works.
Forces and means of civil defense are involved in the organization and conduct of measures to prevent and eliminate emergencies of a regional nature in the manner prescribed by federal law. In addition, the emergency system includes forces and means of constant readiness, designed to respond promptly to emergencies and carry out work to eliminate them: these are rescue services, rescue units equipped with special equipment, equipment, equipment, tools and materials for Carrying out rescue and other urgent work.
Also in charge of the department is a branch of the State Firefighting Office of Primorsky Krai for fire safety, GOES-search and rescue service of Primorsky Krai with heavy equipment and special equipment for search and rescue of people
- How would you evaluate the work of all these structures in the zone of destruction caused by the past typhoon?
- On the whole, I appreciate the work of rescuers, MES, military and specialists of our department positively. For us, the main indicator is the absence of victims. We were able to avoid the death of people - this is the most important thing. All were evacuated to safe areas - this is more than 1000 people. Many have joined this work. And all the heads of the districts in the disaster zone were not idle: in terms of bringing the population to safe areas, moving people to temporary shelters, providing them with everything they need, from warm clothes, medicines to food. The federal emergency status in Primorye helped in the shortest possible time, due to the work of the attracted specialists from many regions of Russia, to carry out work to eliminate the consequences of the typhoon. Main traffic reports were restored, communications and electricity were established. Instantly reacted the forces of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, and the rescuers were engaged in the primary restoration of roads and crossings, and dirt was cleaned, and fences were put down by the residents. This is a huge front of works: Svetloe, Olga, Shumnoe, Koksharovka, Roshchino, settlements of the Dalnegorsky district and many others. I want to express my gratitude to all those who took people out of the flood zones around the clock, provided the work of rescue equipment.
- Were there any unforeseen difficulties?
- The main difficulty was that many residents simply refused to leave their homes. As a result, many were literally cut off from civilization for a day or longer. Water came into the house, rose - people did not leave, they sat on the roofs. And it's just a miracle that serious tragedies, with human casualties, did not happen ... But I do not blame people for such a reaction. I believe that informing the population, including the possible consequences, was inadequate. People did not imagine the real threat, often neglecting their own safety, risking their health, their lives.
- How can we promptly warn people about natural disasters, man-made accidents, natural disasters and other cataclysms?
- There is perhaps only one way to reduce the tragic consequences of such cataclysms: by timely warning of an impending disaster. For these purposes, civil defense signals are used. They are designed to alert the population not only about emergency situations, but also about the danger of an enemy attack. Today, all regions of the region are included in a single warning system for civil defense and emergency situations, but only large cities, regional centers and general public enterprises, in general - about 100 settlements. There are 653 settlements in Primorye. So we are actively working in this direction, and it will continue next year. Installation of a unified warning system in remote settlements of Primorye, today is a priority task, which is also under the control of the governor.
- How is the notification in the coastal provinces organized today, while the unified system is not implemented everywhere?
- The most common way to alert the public is to transmit a warning signal, “Attention, everyone!”. With this method, mechanical and electrical sirens are turned on, radio, television, and telephone communications are used. Alert rural residents also made with the help of available tools - rail, bells, bellies. Additionally, cars of the Federal Fire Service and the Directorate of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ministry of Emergency Situations, equipped with light-signal loud-speaking devices, religious institutions can be involved. In addition, the heads of municipalities developed plans for a household bypass of the population.
- Previously, the main source of alert for the emergency was the radio alarm, which was in every apartment and in every house. Why can not this method of alerting be revived today?
- Someone is using a ripple, some is not. Maintenance and maintenance of radio networks for the budget is also not the cheapest. In addition, all new buildings are rented without radio outlets, and no one will force people to buy and install radio in their apartment.
- Let's hope that a single system of warning about emergencies will soon work. In your opinion, will people react to its signals?
- The experience of a typhoon alert showed that if a person heard a signal from an emergency, then it is not yet ready to perceive it properly, to respond to it as the practice requires. The modern person should be informed and clearly instructed by the press, special literature, special classes, television, radio programs and the Internet. He must understand and clearly know the algorithm of his actions, having heard such signals.
Basargin Valentin Dmitrievich - Director of the Department of Civil Protection of the Primorsky Territory. Was born in 1957 in the village. Yar-Sale (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District). Orienburg Higher Military Red Banner Aviation School of Pilots.
Then Military Training and Research Center of the Navy MVA. Admiral Kuznetsov, St. Petersburg.