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Free Port - year
During the year of operation, the new economic regime has attracted investors and multiplied throughout the Far East
13 July, at a press conference in TASS, the Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East Alexander Galushka summed up the interim results on the work of the Free Port in Primorsky Krai. Recall that the relevant law was adopted last year in the spring session of Parliament, published in July and entered into force 12 October 2015.
The vast majority of filed applications is Russian business. At the same time, there are five applications from foreign entrepreneurs: four from Chinese investors and one from a Japanese company. The Japanese project is the construction of an export coal port - is estimated at 60 billion rubles of investments, so it "weighs" more than a third of all orders currently available.
Alexander Galushka drew attention to the fact that the regime of the Free Port Vladivostok still does not work to the full. So, in the fall, the law on round-the-clock operation of checkpoints, on a "single window" when crossing the state border of the Russian Federation with cargoes, on the introduction of electronic cargo declaration and the implementation of the principle of a "green corridor" for participants in external economic activity, is yet to be earned in the fall. The fact that all these options will appear only with 1 October 2016 year, was originally provided by law. Another rule - on a simplified visa regime for foreign citizens - has already been announced twice (first from 1 January, then from 1 July), but so far it has not worked.
The Minister noted that the discussion of the innovative regime of the Free Port took place at the highest level. The idea that this mechanism should be replicated in the Far East was originally. At VEF-2015 she was voiced by Vladimir Putin, stating literally the following: "We managed to work out a successful and competitive formula of the Free Port, using both our historical experience and the best foreign practices." According to the results of the forum, the head of state suggested that the government "consider extending the regime of the free port to other key harbors of the Far East."
This assignment was implemented - last week the president signed a law providing for Distribution of the Freeport of Vladivostok Khabarovsk Territory (Vaninsky Municipal District), Sakhalin Oblast (Korsakov Urban District), Kamchatka Territory (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) and Chukotka Autonomous District (Pevek). Oleksandr Galushka specified that at the moment there are held orientation meetings on the organization of work of free ports with the heads of regions.
The EastRussia correspondent interviewed the leadership of the Far Eastern regions, where new Free ports are appearing. Judging by the answers, the regions themselves are in different degrees of readiness for the introduction of new regimes: here it is significant that so far almost no one has studied in practice the operation of the corresponding regime in Vladivostok. In general, the answers show an unconditional knowledge of the regulatory framework and an understanding of the general numerical indicators of the Freeport of Vladivostok, but it seems that the experience of law enforcement that is being developed in Primorye has not yet been fully accepted by other regions.
"I am confident that the Free Port regime will be in great demand in Vanino," said Deputy Prime Minister of the Khabarovsk Krai Government, Minister of Investment and Land and Property Policy Yuri Chaika. "Together with this, the Khabarovsk Territory authorities had no time to observe how Vladivostok developed as a result Introduction of the regime of the Free Port, therefore there were no observations of the pilot Freeport - there was no contact with its residents, on the basis of which it would be possible to make observations. " According to Yuri Chaika, the authorities of the Khabarovsk Territory, promoting the initiative to introduce the Free Port regime in Vanino, were based only on what preferences are granted by this regime, as well as on general statistical reports published by the Primorsky Krai and the Ministry of National Economy of Russia. Such reports are primarily data on the number of applications from potential residents: the dynamics of growth of this indicator allows us to conclude that the regime of the Free Port in Vladivostok is in demand in business.
There were no special studies on the economic consequences of the introduction of the Free Port regime in Vanino in the Khabarovsk Territory. As noted by Yuri Chaika, the most effective of the regimes operating in the province is the TOP regime - in fact the load on projects in the TOP decreases by 60%. Since the Freeport regime with regard to tax benefits gives advantages similar to the TOP regime, the benefits for the business from the implementation of projects in the Free Port are at least not less than from the implementation in the TOP.
“I think that, three years after its appearance in Vanino, the Freeport regime will yield tangible results for the development of the economy of the Khabarovsk Territory,” announced Yuri Chaika.
According to the governor of the Sakhalin region, Oleg Kozhemyako, “it can be argued with confidence that the start of the Free Port regime in Vladivostok was successful."
The authorities of the Sakhalin region monitored the implementation of the Free Port of Vladivostok and made certain conclusions about the effectiveness of this model. According to Oleg Kozhemyako, preparations for the introduction of the Free Port regime in the port of Korsakov proceeded well in advance, on the basis of all those regulations that were developed as part of granting the status of the Free Port to Vladivostok.
"The future of the Free Port of Korsakov can be judged on the basis of the fact that at present there are investors who would like to enter its territory and implement their projects on it," Oleg Kozhemyako notes.
Experts interviewed by EastRussia note, in particular, media "silence", in which the adoption of the norm on the extension of the Free Port regime to Vanino, Korsakov, Petropavlovsk, Pevek took place. So, there were no loud discussions, like before the adoption of the law on the Freeport of Vladivostok, there is no news in the media about the holding of relevant hearings with the participation of representatives of the Minsk region and business in Petropavlovsk and Pevek. "This is not a good trend," notes one EastRussia expert. - The decision was made thanks to a general trend to support the initiatives of the Minsk region, but the absence of public "stresses" at the regional level at this stage leads to the fact that the regions are not sufficiently absorbed in the topic and have little knowledge of the argumentation, law enforcement practice. With a reserve formed in Vladivostok. "
“It is clear that the main operator of Free Ports is the Far East Development Corporation, as the management company. However, success largely depends on the regions, on their understanding of the topic. Now there is a feeling that it is not enough for there to be a synergy between the Free Ports, ”the expert concludes.
The opinion is largely shared by the chief analyst of the forum "Russian Fuel and Energy Complex in the 21st Century" Alexander Epishov: "It is impossible to count on attracting investments into the economy of the Far East today as a result of passing a law that extends the Free Port to several large Far Eastern ports. Perhaps, if this law was one of the components of the policy of increasing the investment attractiveness of the Far East, which would primarily provide for serious changes in modern Russia oh economic system -. its liberalization, protection of property gain, increase the independence of the judiciary and so on, "It is clear that to increase investment attractiveness of principled law enforcement experience, but practical information about the work itself of the Freeport mode yet in short supply.
In the opinion of Vladimir Vorozhikhin, a leading researcher at the Institute for Strategic Planning and Economic Security of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, "it is important that after the entry into force of the law, no delays occur in its implementation by various authorities."
"The result of his [law] work is the rapid gaining of power by the Free ports of the Far East, and it is imperative that their appearance is accompanied by the maximum maintenance of order in the ports of the region, the struggle for which between various structures will now increase greatly. New Free ports in the Far East, no priority was given to any country on the territory of one or another of them, "Vladimir Vorozhikhin said.