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Free Port - year
During the year of operation, the new economic regime has attracted investors and multiplied throughout the Far East
13 July, at a press conference in TASS, the Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East Alexander Galushka summed up the interim results on the work of the Free Port in Primorsky Krai. Recall that the relevant law was adopted last year in the spring session of Parliament, published in July and entered into force 12 October 2015.
The vast majority of filed applications is Russian business. At the same time, there are five applications from foreign entrepreneurs: four from Chinese investors and one from a Japanese company. The Japanese project is the construction of an export coal port - is estimated at 60 billion rubles of investments, so it "weighs" more than a third of all orders currently available.
Alexander Galushka drew attention to the fact that the regime of the Free Port Vladivostok still does not work to the full. So, in the fall, the law on round-the-clock operation of checkpoints, on a "single window" when crossing the state border of the Russian Federation with cargoes, on the introduction of electronic cargo declaration and the implementation of the principle of a "green corridor" for participants in external economic activity, is yet to be earned in the fall. The fact that all these options will appear only with 1 October 2016 year, was originally provided by law. Another rule - on a simplified visa regime for foreign citizens - has already been announced twice (first from 1 January, then from 1 July), but so far it has not worked.
The Minister noted that the discussion of the innovative regime of the Free Port took place at the highest level. The idea that this mechanism should be replicated in the Far East was originally. At VEF-2015 she was voiced by Vladimir Putin, stating literally the following: "We managed to work out a successful and competitive formula of the Free Port, using both our historical experience and the best foreign practices." According to the results of the forum, the head of state suggested that the government "consider extending the regime of the free port to other key harbors of the Far East."
This assignment was implemented - last week the president signed a law providing for Distribution of the Freeport of Vladivostok to the Khabarovsk Territory (Vaninsky Municipal District), Sakhalin Region (Korsakov City District), Kamchatka Territory (Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky) and Chukotka Autonomous District (Pevek). Alexander Galushka clarified that at the moment kick-off meetings are being held to organize the work of free ports with the heads of regions.
The EastRussia correspondent interviewed the leadership of the Far Eastern regions, where new Free ports are appearing. Judging by the answers, the regions themselves are in different degrees of readiness for the introduction of new regimes: here it is significant that so far almost no one has studied in practice the operation of the corresponding regime in Vladivostok. In general, the answers show an unconditional knowledge of the regulatory framework and an understanding of the general numerical indicators of the Freeport of Vladivostok, but it seems that the experience of law enforcement that is being developed in Primorye has not yet been fully accepted by other regions.
"I am sure that the Free Port regime will definitely be in demand in Vanino," said Yuri Chaika, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Khabarovsk Territory, Minister of Investment and Land and Property Policy. "At the same time, the authorities of the Khabarovsk Territory had no time to watch how Vladivostok developed as a result the introduction of the Free Port regime in it. Therefore, as such, there were no observations of the pilot Free Port - there was no contact with its residents, on the basis of which these observations could be made. " According to Yuri Chaika, the authorities of the Khabarovsk Territory, promoting the initiative to introduce the Free Port regime in Vanino, were based only on what preferences are provided by this regime, as well as on general statistical reports published by the Primorsky Territory and the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East. Such reports are primarily data on the number of applications from potential residents: the growth dynamics of this indicator allows us to conclude that the Free Port regime in Vladivostok is in demand by business.
There were no special studies on the economic consequences of the introduction of the Free Port regime in Vanino in the Khabarovsk Territory. As noted by Yuri Chaika, the most effective of the regimes operating in the province is the TOP regime - in fact the load on projects in the TOP decreases by 60%. Since the Freeport regime with regard to tax benefits gives advantages similar to the TOP regime, the benefits for the business from the implementation of projects in the Free Port are at least not less than from the implementation in the TOP.
“I think that three years after its appearance in Vanino, the Free Port regime will give tangible results for the development of the economy of the Khabarovsk Territory,” Yuri Chaika announced.
According to the governor of the Sakhalin region, Oleg Kozhemyako, “it can be argued with confidence that the start of the Free Port regime in Vladivostok was successful."
The authorities of the Sakhalin region monitored the implementation of the Free Port of Vladivostok and made certain conclusions about the effectiveness of this model. According to Oleg Kozhemyako, preparations for the introduction of the Free Port regime in the port of Korsakov proceeded well in advance, on the basis of all those regulations that were developed as part of granting the status of the Free Port to Vladivostok.
“One can judge about the greater future of the Free Port of Korsakov on the basis of the fact that at present there are investors who would like to enter its territory and implement their projects on it,” notes Oleg Kozhemyako.
Experts interviewed by EastRussia note, in particular, media "silence", in which the adoption of the norm on the extension of the Free Port regime to Vanino, Korsakov, Petropavlovsk, Pevek took place. So, there were no loud discussions, like before the adoption of the law on the Freeport of Vladivostok, there is no news in the media about the holding of relevant hearings with the participation of representatives of the Minsk region and business in Petropavlovsk and Pevek. "This is not a good trend," notes one EastRussia expert. - The decision was made thanks to a general trend to support the initiatives of the Minsk region, but the absence of public "stresses" at the regional level at this stage leads to the fact that the regions are not sufficiently absorbed in the topic and have little knowledge of the argumentation, law enforcement practice. With a reserve formed in Vladivostok. "
“It is clear that the main operator of Free Ports is the Far East Development Corporation, as the management company. However, success largely depends on the regions, on their understanding of the topic. Now there is a feeling that it is not enough for there to be a synergy between the Free Ports, ”the expert concludes.
The opinion is largely shared by the chief analyst of the Russian Fuel and Energy Complex in the XNUMXst Century Alexander Epishov: perhaps, if this law was one of the components of the policy of increasing the investment attractiveness of the Far East, which would first of all provide for serious changes in the modern Russian economic system - its liberalization, strengthening property protection, increasing the independence of the judiciary, and so on. ”Obviously, for to increase investment attractiveness, the experience of law enforcement is fundamental, however, practical information on the work of the Free Port regime as such is still in short supply.
According to Vladimir Vorozhikhin, a leading researcher at the Institute for Strategic Planning and Economic Security at the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, “it is important that after the law enters into force there are no delays in its implementation by various authorities.”
“The result of his [law] work is seen as a rapid gain in strength by the Free Ports of the Far East. Moreover, it is imperative that their appearance was accompanied by the maximum maintenance of order in the ports of the region, the struggle for which between various structures will now greatly increase. new Free Ports in the Far East, the priority of any country on the territory of one or another of them was not allowed, "notes Vladimir Vorozhikhin.