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Light of supreme mercy
Every year 5 May in the Kingdom of Thailand celebrates the state holiday - Coronation Day
King Bhumibol Adulyadej and Queen Sirikit have four children: princess Ubolratana Rajakanya, prince Maha Vajiralongkorn, princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn. The sixty-year-old Prince Wachiralongkorn is the main heir to the royal throne, but not the only one of the king's offspring who leads an active social life. Thais have an equal love for their princesses, who do charity work, create social funds and are distinguished by the same prudence and wisdom as their father.
The princess was born 5 April 1951 year in Lausanne, Switzerland. She received her primary education in Thailand, and higher education in the United States. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ubolatana studied mathematics, where she received her Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry at 1973. Later in the University of California in Los Angeles, she was awarded a master's degree in public health.
In this marriage, three children were born: two daughters and a son. The eldest, Ploepeylin, was born 12 February 1981, the youngest, Sirikitia, - 18 March 1985. Son Bhumi, as affectionately called Prince Hong Pum, was born 16 August 1983 year. His life ended tragically: he died 26 December 2004 year during the earthquake and tsunami in the Indian Ocean. Princess Ubolatana in memory of her only son created a fund to help children with autism - this disease suffered her son.
Ubolatana also supports the charity fund "To Be № 1", which provides an opportunity for talented children of Thailand to develop their sports and artistic abilities.
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
One of the Thai princesses was born 2 April 1955 year in Bangkok. Sirindhorn, like all children, attended kindergarten, then went to a local elite school. Thanks to her abilities, she won first place in school examinations after the end of the seventh grade, with the best result she graduated from high school (12 classes) and finally took fourth place at the entrance exams to the university.
And 1976, at the University of Chulalongkorn, she received a bachelor's degree in art history, as well as a master's degree in oriental epigraphy (Sanskrit and Cambodian languages). In 1980, the princess received a Master of Arts degree, defended her thesis on the theme “Dasaparami in Theravada Buddhism”.
Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn holds a Ph.D. in Educational Development, which was awarded to her at 1986 at the University of Srinakharinwirot. Here she defended her thesis on "The development of innovative design for teaching Thai language in the gymnasium."
Princess Sirindhorn is second in line for succession to the throne. In the middle of 70-ies of the last century, the law on the Thai succession to the throne was amended, according to which the throne of a monarch may be occupied by a woman.
Princess Sirindhorn directs several charitable organizations and writes very popular books in the country, many of which tell about her travels. In each book, the princess discovers for the Thais some one country, and this country immediately becomes a popular tourist destination. By the way, many Thai people who came to Russia as tourists for the last ten years, the desire to visit Moscow, St. Petersburg or drive along the Trans-Siberian Railway arose after reading the book of the princess about Russia.
Using the accumulated experience, she created several child development centers and developed special programs to improve the nutrition of schoolchildren and to support education, programs for mothers and children. Within the framework of the project, the right nutrition courses were opened for pupils of the fifth and sixth grades and their mothers. The curricula were launched in 2000 year in schools in remote villages. Later, the curricula were modified and adapted to different age groups, cultures and traditions: for example, they became popular in Islamic schools in the south of the country and in community learning centers in the Northern Highlands.
The princess focused her attention on helping people with disabilities, especially in obtaining various skills and using information technologies to create an environment of independent living.
Her Royal Highness runs several charities and foundations. Since 1977, she is the Executive Vice President of the Thai Red Cross Society, the executive chairman of the Chaipattana Foundation (responsible for the development of environmental projects), the Ananda Mahidol Foundation (promotes the development of higher education), the Rama II Foundation (promotes the preservation of Thai culture) . Princess is also the chairman of the supreme body of financial control of the Thai Fund, which supports war invalids, and annually awards awards for outstanding achievements in the field of medicine and health.
Princess Chulabhorn Valaylak
Her Royal Highness was born on July 4 1957 of the year in Bangkok. In her youth, Chulabhorn studied chemistry and received a bachelor's degree in 1979 at the Department of Natural Sciences at Kasetsart University. She then went on to study science at Mahidol University, where she received her doctoral degree in 1985.
Currently, Princess Chulabhorn is a visiting lecturer in chemistry at Mahidol University, is president of the Chulabhorn Foundation and the Chulabhorn Research Institute, chairman of the working group on the chemistry of natural products in the framework of the Scientific Cooperation Program of Thailand and Japan, chairman of the Foundation for Nature Conservation. In this capacity, Her Royal Highness directs international research programs on the restoration of forests and areas affected by floods and on the rational use of natural resources. She conducts research in the field of traditional medicine.
Since 1982, Princess Chulabhorn is a member of the American Chemical Society and the German Chemical Society. For her active work in the development of scientific cooperation in 1986, Her Royal Highness was awarded the UNESCO Albert Einstein Medal. She became the first among Asian scholars honorary member of the Royal British Chemical Society.
In the 2011 year, during the first official visit of the princess to Russia, the ceremony of presenting the mantle of the honorary doctor of St. Petersburg State University was held. As specified in the university, her candidacy was recommended for election by the Academic Council of the Faculty of Chemistry of the University. In September, 2012, Chulabhorn was awarded the title of honorary doctor of the RUDN University for achievements in the development of education, culture, science, health care, as well as in the development of humanitarian cooperation between nations, including Russia and Thailand. Her Royal Highness is an honorary doctorate from universities in Austria, Great Britain, Egypt, Israel, Korea, Peru, Chile and Japan.
The family life of the younger princess is in many ways similar to that of her older sister. In 1982, she married a common man, Lieutenant Royal Air Force of Thailand Virayud Didjasarin. According to custom, after marriage she had to lose her title, because her husband was lower than her in origin. However, Chulabhorn was luckier than the older sister: the father granted her a special permit, and the younger princess retained the status. From this marriage, which ended in divorce, Chulabhorn had two daughters: Her Royal Highness Princess Siripachudhabhon and Her Royal Highness Princess Adityadhonkitkin.