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The harsh truth about the TACER "Zarechie"
Athanasius Egorovpress secretary of the head of the republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Numerous "experts" from ecology, who have suddenly bred in Yakutia, have already got it. I don’t count myself as such, but I don’t intend to be silent any longer. Therefore, you will get my idea of why the project of the gas chemical PSEDA “Zarechye” appeared and how dangerous.
And the explanation lies on the surface. It is as simple as any other truth. A couple of years ago our compatriot Vladimir Osakovsky formulated him very clearly. The current chief economist of the Bank of America office of Merrill Lynch, who started his career in the Ministry of Agriculture of Yakutia, once said in an interview that in fact there are a lot of mineral deposits in the world. And Yakutia needs to try very hard so that, given its climate and lack of infrastructure, it will win over other regions in the competitive struggle for investment.
No one wondered why Rostech intends to develop only the Burannyi section of the entire huge Tomtor rare earth metal deposit ... Yes, because in other areas the concentration of rare earths is too low for their extraction to be profitable in conditions of the polar tundra. If Burannoi were not there, we could still be proud of our rare earths for a hundred years, not having a penny from this good.
Even our "sofa analysts" like to poohte on the topic of benefits for oilmen and gas workers. Acting as if they did not know that before they came to Lensky district there were no roads at all. None. On the forest clearings went! And in Olekminsk all power engineering was diesel. If there were no benefits then, no Surgut would come to us. Why go to the losses, if you can extract oil in another place with much lower costs? ..
And today, more precisely in 2014, Yakutia got from Surguts alone 16,3 billion rubles to its budget. Including 660 million - to the budget of the Lensky district.
A similar story is with the TOSER "Zarechie". Six months ago, the "sofa analysts" unanimously hated the government for the fact that the republic only extracts minerals without recycling them. Say, we are a "raw colony", "a banana republic", etc., etc. But now they make amazed eyes, like - where did that come from? ..
But the explanation is also on the surface. It is called the TACER Act. It is the benefits and preferences granted by this law that made the processing of minerals, in particular gas, more profitable in Yakutia. But this fundamental moment does not reach the "sofa analytes", stupidly stuck in insignificant guesswork: "Who specifically came up with? Why us? How did it suddenly become profitable? ".
Now for details. I'll start with water as from the subject of the most common speculations, vividly recalling the hysteria of the times of the ESPO construction. At the American Flash diplomat liked so much, there was even a banner clearly preserved from those "EASTERN DAYS". With characteristic stylistics and memorable for the inscribed inscription "Let's Save Lena!".
These technologies were invented and introduced in the last century! So why are we hysterical, not really understanding what we are talking about? .. Let's wait for the project and even then we will calmly assess how reliable the methods of water purification proposed for Zarechye are.
The dense dislike of home-grown "experts" in the TACER "Zarechye" makes them come up with new reasons for doubts. Sometimes literally sucking them out of a finger. Here, one "comrade" even doubted the carrying capacity of the railroad under construction, saying that according to him, it was capable of transporting only up to 1-2 million tons. Cargo per year. Moving his readers to the idea that the power of "gland" for gas chemistry is not enough.
I hasten to disappoint. Sometimes, it turns out, it's better not to think-guess, but elementary to ask specialists. According to them, this year the carrying capacity of the railway to Nizhny Bestyakh should reach 2 million tons. And after the completion of all construction, this figure will increase to 7 million tons. Cargo per year.
And then the question that has long been tormenting the "sofa analysts" will really arise: And what should I carry along the "piece of iron" in the opposite direction from Yakutsk? Without the production of gas chemistry, it will hardly be possible to achieve profitability for the railway workers. On whose shoulders in this case the costs will fall, the "experts", I think, will guess without my help.
Another neglected topic for concern is the territory of the future TOSER. Say, it is too big for the planned productions. At this shaky ground, the thought is in passing - and are not we going to build not one plant, but a dozen, besides even more dangerous ones? ..
I will not talk about elementary things. Such as the need to have a project for any new production, passing mandatory procedures like State Expertise, EIA, etc. I will say something else: any dangerous industrial facility in our country must have a sanitary zone. Moreover, according to the law on TACER, a residential settlement should appear on its territory. Naturally, outside the sanitary zone.
And from this follows one curious circumstance that our “sofa analytics” do not want to see at close range. It's about jobs. Of course, it is rather difficult to find professionally trained in our republic who have experience in serious production of chemical process engineers.
And in the village? .. There you can't do without social infrastructure. This means that teachers, kindergarten teachers, medical personnel, plumbers, road workers, again electricians and repairmen will be needed ... I am afraid that it will be very, very difficult to find so many working hands in all the glorious Megino-Kangalassky ulus.
Well, and finally: We are already getting used to living in a world of virtual fears. Fears caused by ignorance, or simply lush fantasy. But there are still real fears. And not somewhere far away, “far away, beyond the valleys,” but right in the center of the capital of the republic.
According to official data of the Republican Information and Analytical Center for Environmental Monitoring in 2014, the atmospheric pollution index in Yakutsk was characterized as "elevated".
At the post of Himein, the average concentrations of pollutants exceeded the maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) in terms of formaldehyde content 2,4 times. The maximum single concentration of phenol is fixed at the level of 0,021 mg / m3 (2,1 MAC). And the maximum single concentration of ammonia in April reached 0,5 mg / m3 (2,5 MPC).
In Lenin Square, the maximum single concentration of nitrogen dioxide reached 0,37 mg / m3 (4,4 MPC) in March. The maximum single concentration of phenol was fixed in July at the level of 0,015 mg / m3 (1,5 MAC). Ammonia in September - 2 MAC.
At the station on Kalvitsa Street in 2014, the maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) were exceeded in terms of the average 2 content of pollutants: suspended solids 1,14 times; formaldehyde in 1,6 times.
What do we breathe, gentlemen "experts" and "sofa analysts"? And why does not it bother you?
PS According to the Republican Information and Analytical Center for Environmental Monitoring, based on the analysis of 391 water samples and 109 samples of bottom sediments at the 31 water body, in 2014 it was established that the operation of the ESPO oil pipeline does not have a negative impact on the quality of water bodies.