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Judgment day has not come yet
The authorities do not leave attempts to make the Far East shipyards competitive.
After the meeting of the subcommittee on the development of the fisheries complex of the Far East in Vladivostok, Deputy Prime Minister, Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District (FEF) Yury Trutnev said that the Ministry of Development and the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade will work on improving the competitiveness of shipyards in the Far East. Meanwhile, the Federal Agency for Fishery acknowledges that it is impossible to make shipyards in the Far East competitive in comparison with foreign ones for business, and all hope is still on state orders.
WITH THE HELP OF MODERNIZATION
The issue of competitiveness of the Far Eastern shipyards is really very difficult, and it has already been discussed more than once. The vessels for investment quotas are laid, but not in the Far East, and this is even despite the fact that in the case of a ship being built at a shipyard in the DFO, the increment coefficient 1,2 is used to calculate the quota share.
As admitted at a meeting of a core interdepartmental group held in early March in Vladivostok, where the mechanism for supporting the construction of a small and medium-tonnage fleet for the Far Eastern basin, deputy head of the Federal Agency for Fishery Peter Savchuk, was discussed, this measure did not work. Fishermen order vessels from western shipyards of the country, which, unlike Far Eastern enterprises, have considerable experience in building civilian vessels and promising to build faster and cheaper.
But, recalled Yuri Trutnev, "some money has already been allocated for the modernization of the Amur, Khabarovsk shipyards."
“But, in my opinion, this is not enough. Therefore, we will meet again in Moscow and try to think out a program on how to make it possible for fishermen to have an opportunity to order ships in the Far East, ”he promised. The authorities want "the money that investors spend on building a fleet within the framework of investment quotas, remained at the enterprises of the Far East." But "the problem is not very simple, because it is not a question of administrative distribution," Yuri Trutnev himself admits.
Plants can only try to modernize production, which they do.
As Alexander Popov, the head of civil shipbuilding projects at Amursky Shipbuilding Plant PJSC, told the meeting of the interdepartmental group, the plant is “working hard to modernize, reduce the cost of construction”. So, now the company is installing a new metal cutting system.
“But the main thing is that at the end of last year, the 80-meter modern vessel was handed over to the customer. Skeptical customers who come to us change their opinion when they visit the factory, ”says a top manager, recalling how 2,5 had presented the modernization program at the Eastern Economic Forum a year ago, but then could not find a single customer.
Ilya Panteleev, director of the marketing and sales department of USC, noted that the corporation is considering the possibility of building ships for coastal fishing in the Far East just at the Amur and Khabarovsk shipyards. “Depending on the series, cooperation will be organized during the completion of the construction of vessels between enterprises. Capacities allow you to place orders from 2-3 quarter 2019 of the year, ”he specified.
AND IF WITHOUT QUOTA?
Currently, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Federal Agency for Fishery and other agencies are working on a draft decree on subsidizing the construction of small and medium-tonnage vessels that produce those types of aquatic bioresources to which investment quotas are not applied. According to preliminary calculations, the Far Eastern company will need up to 120 of such vessels, and it is planned to build them at Far Eastern shipyards, possibly with the help of paying subsidies to fishermen that can reach 30% of the value of the vessel.
There is no final decision on this issue yet, but what is already clear: fishermen who wish to take advantage of this support measure will have to fulfill a number of requirements that are planned to be worked out specifically for each fishing basin. They may relate to the localization of production, equipment of the vessel. In addition, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has developed several model projects of vessels that will be made available to the customer. This is done to ensure seriality, and, accordingly, to reduce the cost of production.
According to preliminary data, 120-14 billion rubles in total, or 15-2 billion per year is required to support the construction of 2,5 ships. There is no such money in the existing shipbuilding support program; its entire volume amounts to 9 billion rubles. Funds are provided for already existing support measures, such as, for example, reimbursement of a part of the cost of paying interest on loans and leases or a utilization grant. They, noted in the Ministry of Industry and Trade, although they have positive examples of application, are not too in demand.
True, the question of competition will have to deal with, even if the fishermen are given 30% subsidies. Now it is possible to build on well-known Far Eastern shipyards of the PRC cheaper than on domestic shipyards, and taking into account assistance from the state, prices will become more or less comparable. But far from all the fishermen are still sure that the Far Eastern shipyards will be able to build strictly on time and with the required quality.
PLANTS IN THE PLANS, BUT - NOT FOR SHIPS
The meeting of the subcommittee discussed the implementation of legislation on investment quotas of production (catch) of aquatic biological resources.
“In the Far East, 14 projects for the construction of factories with an investment of 15 billion rubles and 18 projects for the construction of vessels for the fishing industry with an investment of 94 billion rubles were selected. According to preliminary estimates, not all mechanisms work quite transparently, ”said Yury Trutnev, noting that the comments are“ not principled, but very important. ” “In particular, they are connected with the procedure of acceptance of enterprises. It causes investors some complaints. The procedure will be finalized. An investor should understand that if he fulfills all obligations to the state, he will receive a quota on time, ”he explained.
In addition to accepting enterprises, investors have already had to deal with other issues, for example, the need to adjust certain stages of construction schedules and investments, including because it decided to improve the technical characteristics and performance of the vessel during the construction process. Another needed to make changes to the project documentation, on the basis of which decisions were made to select projects within the framework of investment quotas, including changing the contractor and replacing the equipment. But it turned out that these working moments are not regulated by regulation.
Yury Trutnev instructed the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Eastern and Eastern Development and the Federal Agency for Fisheries to develop a draft regulatory act that will provide for how to deal with such issues.