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Incentive for export

How to build border crossings in the Far East

At the plenary session of the Fourth Eastern Economic Forum, in the presence of President Vladimir Putin, between two Russian Deputy Prime Ministers, Anton Siluanov and Yuri Trutnev, there was a short discussion on the modernization of border crossings in the Far East (see p. EastRussia material on this topic). In 2019-2024 for these purposes almost 12 billion rubles will be directed - the decision was made following the results of the meeting of the commission on social and economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region. After the arrangement of border crossings, their throughput will grow by 1,5-2 times, which will be an additional incentive for the development of exports to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region (APR). What objects are waiting for the reconstruction, by what principle they were chosen, and why there was a need for their modernization - found out EastRussia.

Incentive for export

There are 60 checkpoints in the Far Eastern Federal District (46 of them are functioning), including: 28 sea, 10 air, 11 mixed, 6 road, 4 rail, and one river. Last year, the region's exports increased by 19,3% compared to 2016 and were sent to the Asia-Pacific countries - China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and so on, which account for the largest volume of foreign trade in the Far East. 
Increasing the competitiveness of Russian goods and exporting products from the Far East to the APR countries was one of the topics of the meeting of the government commission on socio-economic development of the Far East and the Baikal region, which was held in Kamchatka on 10 August 2018.
"The growing demand for exports requires a sufficient number of modern border crossing points, and any delays and difficulties in transporting goods are fraught with losses for companies, which can not be tolerated," said Dmitry Medvedev, the chairman of the Russian government in his opening remarks. According to him, now we need convenient, technological terminals equipped with equipment, with good navigation and specialists.   
As a result of the meeting, it was decided to equip the most popular border crossings located in the Far East. This measure should serve as an incentive for exporting products to the APR countries and will cost the state budget 11,9 billion rubles to be allocated to the Ministry of Transport of Russia with 2019 for 2024 by the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation within the framework of the national project "International Cooperation and Export".
"These funds will be used to equip and reconstruct 13 border crossings located in seven subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District," said EastRussia in the press service of FKGU Rosgranstroy. These included five road crossings: Kani-Kurgan (Amur Region), Kraskino, Markovo, Poltavka, Turiy Lug (Primorsky Territory), two railway crossings: Pogranichny (Primorsky Territory), Nizhneleninskoe (Jewish Autonomous Region) and six sea checkpoints: Vanino (Khabarovsk Territory), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (Kamchatka Territory), Shakhtersk (Sakhalin Region), Nevelsk (Sakhalin Region), Kholmsk (Sakhalin Region), Pevek (Chukotka Autonomous District).
The main criteria for the selection of border crossings for reconstruction were a high degree of depreciation of infrastructure, a high forecast growth in cargo turnover and location of objects in the crossings of international transport corridors. "The list of updated checkpoints was formed taking into account the wishes of representatives of business communities and was agreed with the state control bodies and Minvostokrazvitiya," the press service of the Federal State Institution "Rosgranstroy" noted. It is planned that after the arrangement of these border crossings their throughput will increase by 1,5-2 times.
Representatives of the business community and the public say that border crossings in the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District have long been in need of reconstruction. “In the Primorsky Territory, there is an acute issue of the development of the Primorye-1 and Primorye-2 transport corridors and the creation of a more modern infrastructure for two-way road crossings,” says Vitaly Gumenyuk, Chairman of the Primorsky Regional Branch of the All-Russian Public Organization of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses Opora Rossii ...
“The only checkpoint that, in my opinion, meets at least some modern requirements today is Turiy Rog - Mishan, but for some unknown reason it is not loaded and is actually idle. Meanwhile, a large volume of cargo traffic, both passenger and freight, falls on the Grodekovo - Suifenhe border crossing, which is in a terrible state, - says Vitaly Vasilyevich. - You should also pay attention to the Kraskino - Hunchun crossing, which is not meets, in my opinion, any modern requirements ”.
According to the press service of the Far Eastern Customs Administration, along the international transport corridors Primorje-1 (Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Vostochny-Poltavka, Pogranichny - northern provinces of China) and Primorye-2 (Posiet, Zarubino, Slavyanka-Kraskino, Makhalino- northern provinces of China), for 9 months 2017 year, goods with a total weight of more than 86,3 thousand tons were issued. 
However, it is possible to improve the work of border crossings not only due to their arrangement. So, it is possible to optimize the work of automobile transitions of the Primorsky Territory by changing the rules of their work, - the "Association of Freight Carriers and Freight Forwarders" believes. In his letter from 26 July 2018 to the Minister of Transport of Russia (a copy is available to EastRussia), the representatives of the organization indicate that the trip on the Vladivostok-Suifenhe route and back takes five days, while the time and location under the design of China and unloading at the customer's warehouse - a maximum of a day and a half. In their opinion, the long waiting time is due to low bandwidth and imperfection of technological schemes and administrative work.
"For example, the design of empty vehicles is not regulated in any way, although it requires minimal control and time. Therefore, we consider it necessary to develop and include in the technological scheme and the passport of the MAPP a separate description and the standard for its registration, with a separate "green corridor" in both directions, "said Andrei Dyadya, the head of the United Association of Freight Carriers and Freight Forwarders. In his opinion, the entry into the territory of the Russian Federation of national carriers with empty containers should be carried out "day in and day out".
The letter also indicates a number of possible measures that, in the opinion of the association, can significantly improve the situation on the transitions, among which the reduction of the time specification for control and registration for cars up to 15 minutes, which will double the capacity of the checkpoint in both directions, and also the transition of the work of border points to the round-the-clock mode of operation.
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