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"There is no stability"
Alexander Saveliev about the situation in the fishing industry
This sacramental phrase from the film “Moscow Doesn’t Believe in Tears” best describes the situation in the fish industry of the country. Open source information is staggering. Shakes primarily the most fish region - Kamchatka. Shocks and vibrations - as if in an earthquake.
Alexander SavelievHead of the Fisheries Information Agency
A rift was formed between the aborigines of the peninsula and the Federal Agency for Fishery.
For example, a representative of the family camp Ervan Ivan Gordeev filed a lawsuit with the department, demanding the restoration of the violated legal right to fishing. The court fully satisfied the claim and declared the actions of the officials of the Russian Fishery Agency illegal.
There are plenty of such examples of the struggle for the right to lead a traditional way of life on our land. Evenk Andrei Adukanov also faced a similar violation of legal rights by officials of the Federal Agency for Fishery in Russia. is he Appealed to Russian President Vladimir Putin, to the Prosecutor General of Russia. The governor of Kamchatka Krai Vladimir Ilyukhin has already stood up for him.
The problem of the indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East was recently reviewed by participants in the round table of the State Duma Committee on Regional Policy. "We drove 12 of the northern regions, and everywhere indigenous people complain about the ugly attitude towards them by the authorities that regulate access to biological resources," - said the chairman of the working group on indigenous peoples of Russia of the Council for the Development of Civil Society and Human Rights Andrei Babushkin.
And if you drive across Russia? How many people like the head of a peasant farm, Ruslan Khabibullin, who, due to the negligence of officials, lost for 15 years of fishing for crayfish, roach and perch in the Caspian Sea, can you count?
I have already quoted the patter, which was born to witty fishermen: “they quota, quota and unquoted…”.
Rosrybolovstvo deprived of the opportunity to fish not only the unfortunate Aborigines. Fisheries companies of the Far East have also become foes. For example, they now do not have the ability to mine Ivasi, mackerel and anchovies in the exclusive economic zone of Japan. FAS issued a warning to the department about the need to eliminate the violation of antitrust laws. However, the measures subsequently taken by the agency were assessed as unsatisfactory, and a case of violation of antitrust laws was initiated against the Federal Agency for Fishery. Following the consideration of the antitrust case, the Federal Fishery Agency was issued an order to eliminate the violations found.
The story of the “Zarubinskaya base of the fleet” turned out loud and scandalous. The mining and processing enterprise in the Khasansky district of the Primorsky Territory was under the threat of stopping production activities due to the deprivation of quotas, which are historically assigned to the enterprise. Now 220 workers, as they say, are beating all the bells.
The Federal Agency for Fishery hints at the presence of foreigners among the owners. But, first, why it was not revealed during the whole of last year, when the FSB, the Federal Tax Service, the Federal Antimonopoly Service, the Federal Agency for Fishery and, moreover, the Federal Customs Service, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the SVR, the FMS and the Rosfinmonitoring, who October 19 2015 of the year, constantly working to identify transactions, including legal documents, allowing for the management of domestic fishing companies and establishing control over them by foreign citizens and foreign legal entities, including citizens Dan, having dual citizenship? And, secondly, why does the Russian Fishing Company strive to avoid the same fate in the history of DMP-RM, which, by the way, the Moscow prosecutor’s office insists?
The situation is so serious that it attracted the attention of many well-known economists and representatives of both houses of the Russian parliament. In particular, State Duma Deputy Sergei Shargunov is confident that ill-considered actions of the regulator in the industry can lead to a social explosion in the northern and far-eastern regions of the country.
Another rift was formed according to the so-called investment quotas, for the sake of which even the Russian fishing legislation was changed.
According to the Russian Fishery Agency, in the 2012 year, the industry had 4000 ships. Two years later - 2600. That is, the rate of disposal of the fishing fleet, the deterioration of which is estimated at 90%, is catastrophic. A new only promise to build around 30, of which 7 only laid at the shipyard. At this rate, it will take more than 100 years to restore potential. And then, provided that companies do not abandon the program, such as made the "Transfiguration base of the trawling fleet".
Now it is absolutely clear that the project for which they have changed the legislation and issued about thirty government decrees has failed. Investment quotas will only allow a couple of billionaires to update the collapsing ships, which, often, is difficult to sell for scrap.
I must say, this is a systemic rift.
The scandal broke out, for example, when officials of the Russian Fishery Agency excluded the Ukinsky Liman plant and a number of other companies from the investment quota project. VARPE President German Zverev said about this: "... we can talk about the systemic failure of the coastal processing development project." According to the Federal Agency for Fishery, a total of 22 coastal fish factories and 33 fishing vessels are planned for this project. Total declared investment - 132 billion rubles.
What will cause the disruption of the investment quota project for the construction of onshore fish processing enterprises for the leadership of Rosrybolovstvo itself, it may be premature to say. But we recall that only the company "Vityaz-Auto" has invested in the project under the guarantee of the state 600 million rubles. Last year, the company built a plant, went through the necessary procedures, but in the order on the allocation of quotas for 2019 year I didn't find myself. Now the Kamchatka fishing company Vityaz-Avto has filed an application for Rosrybolovstvo to the Moscow Arbitration Court.
I repeat, Vityaz-Avto invested 600 million rubles in the plant, having received a bank guarantee for 900 million rubles. Based on the total allowable catch of 2019 of the year, she expected to receive quotas that would allow to extract around 14 000 tons of pollock and herring. Now the plant, which is unable to load volumes from the promised quotas, will stand idle and, as a result, accumulate new losses, moving towards bankruptcy.
How in this situation investors trust the state?
After all, the only thing fishermen expect from the government is stability.
However, now the industry lives under the threat of new cardinal changes in the rules of the game.
What will be the consequences of the coming changes?
First, a few more words about investment quotas, which for some reason began to be called quotas of state support for fishermen. Surprisingly, the Federal Agency for Fishery seems to have been able to convince in such a formulation not only the government, but even the fishermen themselves. However, how can the introduction of investment quotas be called support by fishermen, if 20% of resources are withdrawn from several hundreds of bona fide users and given to those units, who have financial capabilities and consider it appropriate to build the declared investment objects? For most small and medium-sized companies, this is simply a withdrawal of 20% resources.
Fishermen perceived the introduction of investment quotas as a payment for the stability of securing the rights to catch remaining within the framework of the historical principle 80% FBG for at least the next 15-year period. But now the stability of this design is being questioned.
In addition to investment quotas, a new type of quota will be introduced - auction. There are already questions to the state as a guarantor of stability.
Without the remaining 80% quotas on the historical principle, which the state guaranteed to fishermen and on which, by the way, contracts for the new consolidation period from 2019 to 2033 have already been signed with companies, the new vessels cannot be provided with a resource.
If quotas are sent once every three to five years at auctions, which is provided for by the Government’s roadmap at the suggestion of the FAS, fishermen will face a situation where in a few years there will not be enough volumes because, having invested huge funds in the construction of new ships, they will not be able to compete in new quota auctions.
It turns out that by building expensive ships that will not be provided with a resource and never pay off, the fishermen will have to sell them for half the price either to foreigners or to the winners of the new auctions.
Thus, the position of all bona fide users, without exception, is deteriorating.
After all, what is offered? Approximately for 12-15 years guaranteed as a stable period, to redistribute through auctions everything that remains for current fisher users as part of the ineffective, according to FAS, historical principle.
Everyone was outraged by this approach: associations and unions, bankers and entrepreneurs, veterans and young professionals, heads of the Far Eastern regions and the Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev. Why, there the plenipotentiary, the president of Russia Vladimir Putin himself, clearly stated that the historical principle is good for fishing, it must be preserved.
Everyone spoke unequivocally about the catastrophic threat to the superbly proven historical principle from the destructive auctions.
Not justified and not calculated - this is the main thesis of the public discussions of the resonant draft law.
The other day he was discussed in the Federation Council. 90 percent of the working group members did not support the bill, and many also sharply criticized it.
Now the catch quotas for crab, previously bought at auctions, are distributed according to the historical principle - each company received a share of the catch of aquatic biological resources for 10 years. In 2018, ten-year contracts expired, and new ones were signed with companies — already for 15 years, from 2019 to 2034. However, the Ministry of Agriculture of Russia came up with an initiative, on which 50 is proposed to sell percent of the catch quotas for crab through auctions. This means that companies that have planned their work will simply be withdrawn of quotas in order to sell them from auctions.
The decision was prepared behind the scenes, the opinions and arguments were not taken into account. The industry has been rumored for a year and a half about the appearance of the bill, although the authorities did not recognize the fact of its preparation. But February 4 it appeared on the federal portal of normative legal acts for public comment, and February 22 this discussion ended.
“The draft law that we see,” said Senator Elena Afanasyeva, “actually destroys the basic historical principle of quota distribution, introduces a new algorithm for the entire industry. In fact, the document has a high degree of regulatory impact. The term that was set aside for its discussion, in fact, this discussion only imitates. "
However, one and a half thousand people took part in the discussion, who spoke out against the draft law and only a few supported it.
Only the Murmansk and Sakhalin regions will lose over 500 million rubles of their income due to the introduction of new rules. Fishing companies risk remaining without quotas, and hence without work. In each of them, there are people who lose their jobs and income, which is very sensitive for regions where fish and seafood are the main breadwinners.
The explanatory materials of the draft law do not contain an analysis of the seafood market, and there is also no basic information necessary for calculating the consequences of adopting the draft law. There is no information about the number of enterprises affected by the innovation, nor about their revenues, there is no description of financial efficiency. In the bill, in the explanatory note, there is no concept of economic efficiency and its indicators for the fishing industry at all. The authors of the bill claim that it is aimed at increasing economic activity. An analysis of the document shows that fish farmers are invited to work on the principle of "go there, I do not know where."
“This is really insane,” commented Doctor of Economic Sciences Mikhail Delyagin. - And from a legal point of view, and from a purely commercial. Fishermen only in Sberbank took loans for a billion dollars, and when they are now taken away from a significant part of the quotas - at least half - then, in fact, what will they return? ”
Supporters of the bill on the introduction of auctions for crab didn’t show up.
And the industry continues to shake.
The magnitude is increasing.