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Why did RusHydro three times postpone the launch of the Yakutsk SDPP-2 and do not fit the deadline for completing the construction of other facilities financed by the state
1 November, RusHydro announced the completion of the first stage (four gas turbine units) of the Yakutsk SDPP-2 and the receipt of a permit for its operation. According to the original plans, the station was to be commissioned back in the 2015 year. In fact, the first two turbines of the station were launched in October 2017 to minimize the consequences of the accident at the Yakutsk SDPP.
The construction of the Yakutsk SDPP began in 1965. It became the first power plant in the USSR operating in permafrost on gas fuel. In October 1970, the first gas turbine of the station was put into operation. By 1985, eight turbines with a total capacity of 240 MW were operating at the station. In 1988, the station began reconstruction, during which it was planned to replace the four out-of-date turbines of the first stage. These works were completed only in 2005 year.
For the prompt connection of consumers, the management of Yakutskenergo (part of the RusHydro group) decided to launch two turbines of the Yakutsk SDPP-2, although according to the plan the first launch of all four turbines was to take place at the end of October 2017.
EastRussia Help. The decision to build the Yakutsk SDPP-2 was made in 2011. The purpose of the station is to create a reserve and improve the reliability of power supply in the Central Power District of Yakutia. First of all, it is necessary to install and install four gas-turbine units and water-heating boilers. Electric power of the first stage - 193 MW, thermal power - 469 Gcal / hour. When commissioning the second stage (three more gas-turbine units), the station should reach the designed capacity for electric and thermal energy - 305 MW and 272 Gcal / hour, respectively. The commissioning of the station was twice carried over, and the cost of the project has increased during this time.
So, this year on October 5 at the board of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation it was noted that changes in the documentation of the first stage of the Yakutskaya GRES-2 increased the cost of construction by 5,1 billion rubles. Such a leap is due to the clarification of the physical scope of work and the quantitative composition of auxiliary equipment, as well as a partial change in design solutions at the stage of development of working documentation. According to the auditors of the Accounts Chamber "RusHydro" and the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation are taking insufficient measures to control the implementation of the project.
In turn, RusHydro says that the increase in value and the postponement of the commissioning of facilities are due to objective factors. In particular, "the absence at the time of the adoption by the State Duma of the decision to allocate funds for project documentation that determines the timing and cost of projects that have passed state expertise, as well as the pre-bankruptcy of the main general contractor, the bankruptcy of two design organizations during construction, difficulties associated with the supply of major equipment replacement of equipment in the framework of import substitution, delays in the import of imported unique equipment). "
The imported equipment, which is mentioned in the company's message, is, first of all, gas turbine plants produced by the American General Electric. According to Aleksey Strelnikov, head of the department of thermal power plants at Trans-Baikal State University, the sanctions policy can affect the plant's operation only if there are no specialists trained in technical maintenance of turbines at the power plant, and this option is practically excluded.
- As a rule, the life of such turbines is about 20 years, the manufacturing companies give a guarantee and train personnel for such units. Sanctions can only exert influence if replacement of some large parts of the installation is required, and the political situation will be such that their supply from abroad will not be possible, "said Alexei Strelnikov, EastRussia.
With the launch of the first stage of the Yakutsk SDPP-2, RusHydro has fulfilled its obligations to the state to implement one of the four projects of the investment program for the construction of power facilities in the Far East.
Problem for the company are building on Sakhalin. According to the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation, commissioning of the Sakhalin TPP-2 is six months late, and the thermal power station in Sovetskaya Gavan is two years late. RusHydro claims that the main equipment at the Sakhalin GRES-2 will be tested at the beginning of 2018, and the transfer of the plant’s completion date to 2018 is agreed with the Ministry of Energy of Russia.
As for the CHP in Sovetskaya Gavan, the installation of boilers and turbine units continues there. According to a company representative, the postponement of the completion of construction to the 2019 year was also agreed.
RusHydro is assured that they have made maximum efforts to put objects into operation as soon as possible. The scheme for managing construction projects was changed, personnel conclusions were drawn, new schedules of work with contractors were worked out.
Whether the adopted decisions will bring necessary results will become clear in the next year.