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Escape from the trash
Transbaikalia may be late again with reform on municipal waste management
The Russian Ministry of Natural Resources fears that Transbaikalia, among five other regions of the Far East, may not have time to enter the reform of the garbage industry before the end of this year. Even the shift of the garbage reform by a year did not help. Not the cleanest region now runs the risk of wallowing in trash.
Money for trash
“As part of systematic monitoring of the reform in the field of solid municipal waste management in 11 entities, there are risks of non-compliance with the deadlines for the transition to January 1 2020. In five subjects, the risks are especially great: in the Arkhangelsk region, Trans-Baikal Territory, Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Nenets Autonomous Region, ”said Vladimir Loginov, Deputy Head of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources.
The reasons why Transbaikalia risks getting into the list of latecomers, according to Loginov, are simple - an incorrectly formed garbage management scheme and lack of tariffs for regional operators.
At a meeting of the economic policy committee of the Legislative Assembly of the Trans-Baikal Territory, deputies tried to find out the cost of garbage removal from the regional Ministry of Natural Resources and the regional tariff service, but they did not get an answer. According to Marina Popova, deputy head of the regional tariff service, by November 1, the regional operator Oleron + must contact the agency to set the tariff.
“Naturally, they should formulate their tariff application taking into account the approved territorial scheme. Until the scheme is approved, the mileage for which garbage will be transported will not be determined, which means that we will not be able to tell the final cost of the tariff, ”Marina Popova explained.
According to her, the size of the tariff will depend not only on the territorial scheme, but also on the standards for the accumulation of MSW.
“Unfortunately, the municipal districts provide us with poor quality information about the situation in their territory. There are frequent cases when the standards in a small rural settlement are higher than in Chita. This should not be. We intend to divide the entire region into zones, in each of them to choose the most conscientious ones, by the example of which we will calculate the standards, ”said Marina Popova.
As explained and. about. Minister of Natural Resources of the Territory Oleg Nekrasov, the territorial scheme of MSW management is the main document that determines the procedure for the movement of waste. It is developed by organizations for the collection, accumulation, transportation, processing, disposal, disposal and disposal of waste. Now the ministry is reviewing the current territorial scheme in order to update the information included in it. A new document is developed for up to 2030 years. It contains information on the sources of waste generation, places of their accumulation, objects of processing, neutralization and burial, on the flows of waste and organizations involved in waste management.
The head of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Transbaikalia noted that the ministry’s specialists considered three scenarios for the development of the structure of waste management facilities and chose the most economically feasible and consumer-oriented option for which the citizen’s pay would be the most acceptable. Under this scenario, seven waste disposal facilities, seven treatment facilities and an 31 site for the temporary accumulation of MSW should appear in the region. Landfills will appear in Petrovsk-Zabaykalsky, Olovyannaya, in the village of Novaya Chara, Kalarsky district, as well as in Shilkinsky, Chernyshevsky and Krasnokamensky districts. The seventh training ground, necessary for the needs of Chita and the Chita region, was supposed to appear in the Mongoy paddy, however, public activists defended the area, and the regional and city authorities abandoned these plans.
“Until the end of the year, that is, until the regional operator submits a tariff application, we need to approve the list of temporary waste storage facilities. For now, we will legally use the existing facilities for temporary placement of MSW. As for Chita, we are talking about an existing site for the temporary accumulation of waste in the village of Ivanovka. However, we will only be able to use the facilities for temporary placement of MSW until the beginning of the 2023 year. Therefore, it is important to determine the place of construction of the new landfill as soon as possible, ”said Tamara Cherepanova, consultant to the environmental protection department of the regional Ministry of Natural Resources.
Unauthorized landfills also become a stumbling block for the implementation of garbage reform in Transbaikalia. The authorities of the Chita district have already carried out an audit of their territory to identify illegal trash.
“So far, garbage from natural landfills will be located at historically used waste storage facilities. By order of the governor of the Trans-Baikal Territory, Alexander Osipov, nine million rubles were allocated for the elimination of landfills, but these funds have not been transferred to us, ”complained the acting head of the Chita district, Fedor Kurguzkin.
According to him, in areas the problem of handling MSW is extremely difficult. The reason for this is largely due to the low level of environmental culture of the population, for example, in the Chita region, people throw garbage bags directly from the windows of their cars.
“Often clutter areas are littered - garbage lies right behind the fence. And we need to be prepared for the fact that it will be difficult to rectify the situation - people are used to storing waste behind the fence for decades and are not ready to pay for their removal, ”said Fedor Kurguzkin.
Trans-Baikal parliamentarians intend to return to the “garbage reform” in November, since it is still not clear how and when it will begin.
“The Transbaikal residents are still unaware of how the waste will be disposed of from 2020 of the year and how much it will have to pay for it, whether there will be benefits for certain categories of the population. Citizens need to explain this in simple terms. That's why I invited representatives of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the PCT, a regional operator to our village in Darasun, to understand the situation on the spot. The fact that it is necessary to restore order in the region, and so it is clear that no one argues with this, but this system should be as transparent and honest as possible, ”said Sergei Belonogov, deputy of the relevant committee.
Reform of the garbage industry began in Russia on 1 on January 2019. It is designed to make garbage management more civilized, solve the problem of unauthorized landfills and significantly reduce the volume of waste collected at landfills. According to the Regional Environmental Operator, a total of 216 regional operators are now selected and operating in Russia, the collection rate for garbage collection in August this year was 59% on average in Russia against 28% in February and 45% in March.