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Save Northern Odds
Yakutia is afraid to leave residents without support because of the “regulatory guillotine”
The authorities of Yakutia are afraid that within the framework of a large-scale "regulatory guillotine" in the republic, documents of the Soviet period that establish the procedure for paying the northern allowances and district coefficients may be canceled. They constitute a significant part of the wages of northerners and, in the event of a legal conflict, can lead to social tension. Corr. EastRussia understood why northern surcharges are so important for residents of Yakutia, what their cancellation might lead to, and is there an alternative to surcharges for northerners.
Consequences of cancellation
Within the framework of the “regulatory guillotine”, at the initiative of the government, about nine thousand normative legal acts, mainly of the Soviet period, can be canceled. The cancellation of the norms of legislative and other normative legal acts of the former USSR, resolutions of the USSR State Committee for Labor, the Presidium and the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions on the issues of district coefficients and northern allowances are also possible.
In mid-October, the government of Yakutia sent an appeal to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Russian Federation on the preservation of existing norms regarding the payment of northern allowances. As explained in the regional ministry of labor and social development, this was done to comply with labor guarantees and the rights of workers in the North.
“The Labor Code of the Russian Federation established that remuneration in the Far North and equivalent areas is carried out using district coefficients and percentage premiums on wages. The size of the district coefficient and the procedure for its application should be established by the Russian government. Since such a normative act has not yet been adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Russian Federation, the norms of legislative and other normative legal acts of the former USSR, resolutions of the State Committee for Labor of the USSR, the Presidium and the Secretariat of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions are applied, ”Maria Nikolaeva, head of the wage, labor protection and social partnership department of the Ministry of Labor of Yakutia, told reporters .
According to her, the government has not yet made any decisions on this issue, the issue is only being considered. Now the situation is under the control of the government of the republic.
The opinions of the authorities of Yakutia and regional trade unions on the system of northern compensations coincide - you do not need to touch the northern allowances and district coefficients.
“The abolition of legal acts regulating the application of district coefficients in one or another territory of the Far North regions will lead to a decrease in the level of wages of workers, low purchasing power of the population, which will ultimately lead to a decrease in living standards in the North and an increase in social tension,” the chairman believes Federation of Trade Unions of the Republic Nikolay Degtyarev.
Risks for the Arctic
The EastRussia interlocutor in one of the republican ministries agreed that the abolition of benefits carries great risks for residents of the republic. First of all, state employees will be at risk.
“The concern of the authorities can be understood. More than half of the region’s budget goes to payroll. The most vulnerable category is public sector employees, most of which have small salaries. The authorities of the region need to take a firm stand on this issue, ”the source said.
The average salary in Yakutia, according to the Ministry of Economy of the region, is over 69 thousand rubles. The highest salaries are in the industrial sector, for example, in Yakutsk, an employee of a budget organization with a salary of 14 100 rubles receives a northern bonus of 80%, and a district coefficient of 70%.
Northern premiums and district coefficients were initially introduced as a mechanism for attracting people to remote northern regions and regions with adverse climatic conditions. As noted by the State Duma deputy from Yakutia Fedot Tumusov, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the system for attracting personnel to the North no longer works. In his opinion, it is necessary not to change, but to streamline the accrual system.
“Living in the North is expensive. Even a person spends 20% more energy than on the mainland. Naturally, the cost of food, warm clothes, maintenance of the house is higher. From this point of view, compensation today is not entirely fair. If your salary is small, then the level of compensation is low. A high level of compensation is achieved due to the corresponding high salaries, ”Fedot Tumusov explained.
Compensation also does not quite cope with another task - the stimulation of residence and work in the Far North.
“This task only partially works. For example, in Soviet times, the level of wages in the North was on average 2,5 times higher. Today, premiums and ratios are only a calculated indicator and need to be rethought from the point of view of justice, ”concluded the deputy.
Instead of canceling the existing documents of the Soviet period, one could consider adopting a similar regulatory document for the Russian Federation, said Tuyara Gavrilyeva, doctor of economic sciences and professor at the North-Eastern Federal University.
“We need to generally review the system of current ratios and allowances, possibly even upward. Given that almost all regions of the Far East belong to one degree or another to the regions of the Far North or equivalent localities, one could generally consider increasing the levels of these allowances for the macro-region, ”the professor emphasized.
In addition, she said, the mechanism of northern allowances must be further protected at the legislative level.
“The main problem today is that it is beneficial for employers to hire cheaper labor, and in some places less qualified personnel, including migrants. Often their employment takes place in the informal sector, without the need to pay northern allowances. And therefore, it is necessary to protect regional labor markets, the employment of local personnel, ”the scientist believes.
Yakutia was one of the first to react so sharply to future changes. In other regions of the Far East, only trade unions and state employees who are ready to go to rallies if the situation is not resolved are concerned with the issue of preserving northern surcharges and district coefficients.