This text is translated into Russian by google automatic human level neural machine.
EastRussia is not responsible for any mistakes in the translated text. Sorry for the inconvinience.
Please refer to the text in Russian as a source.
Save can not be caught
Baikal omul falls under prohibitions of Rosrybolovstvo
Baikal regions risk to lose one of their main symbols - omul for three years. Or rather, the omul himself will not go anywhere, he will continue to live in the lake. But the fishing of this fish in the Baikal can already be banned in the near future, the reason is a stable decrease in the population size. Will suffer not only tourists who will lose a famous delicacy. Today, a number of settlements in the region live off the catch of the omul, and for them such a measure portends difficult economic prospects.
Deputy Minister of Agriculture Ilya Shestakov gave the order to impose a ban on industrial fishing of omul at Baikal. It is assumed that the measure will come into force from the beginning of 2017 and will be temporary - the restriction will last for three years. Rosrybolovstvo has practically prepared all the necessary documents, and the Ministry of Nature of the Russian Federation has given its consent to the decision of the department.
Such a measure has already been introduced in the 70-ies. Then the six-year taboo was beneficial - the population of the omul was restored to adequate indicators. But now, according to the relevant departments, the situation has again become critical.
So, the question of reducing the number of omul is not the first year. Experts Gosrybtsentra note a decrease in the biomass of this species for the last 20 years by 10 thousand tons. It is noted that if in the period of stable existence from 1985 in 2004 year the fish stock was 23-25 thousand tons, now it is marked at the level of 14-15 thousand tons. In the summer, the media reported that the size of the quota allocated to the Irkutsk region for catching fish on an industrial scale is 300-350 tons per year, while for several years this volume is only mastered by 60%.
There are different opinions as to the reasons for the reduction of the omul population in Baikal. For example, according to one version, the cormorants and seals that spawned on the lake are to blame. In particular, Ivan Raznobarsky, the head of the fishery department for the Irkutsk region, spoke about this version. According to him, birds of prey cormorants, listed in the Red Book, eat a large amount of omul and do not allow the fish to reproduce in full. According to the fish inspection, the omul stopped spawning into the large rivers Selengu and Barguzin.
At the same time, according to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Rosrybolovstva, the main reason for the decline of the omul population lies in a different plane - the threat has arisen because of unauthorized fishing.
The press service of the Russian Ministry of Nature correspondent EastRussia confirmed that, according to recent studies, the number of omul is rapidly declining due to poaching. In this connection, the department supported the decision to completely ban the catch of this fish on Lake Baikal.
"Rosrybolovstvom carried out the necessary studies, according to which conclusions were drawn that a ban on fishing is necessary at this time." We agreed on the decision of the structure, therefore a total ban was made for the catch of the omul, "the department notes.
"Now the trade of the omul is often illegal, we can not check the legality of the fish from all the traders, for this reason it is better for us to prohibit catching the omul for three years," the press service of Rosrybolovstva said. The ministry explains the ban by the following factor: if we do not prohibit catching fish now, then the population will not be restored.
Rosrybolovstve stressed that initially the ban was supposed to be introduced for 5 years, but after the necessary studies it was decided that it would be enough to restore the population for three years. The draft decision of the department assumes permission to harvest only 160 tons for further reproduction, and 25 tons for research purposes. For comparison, according to the official site of Rosrybolovstva, the catch quota for omul last year was about 1,5 thousand tons.
Ban fishing is not the only measure that will be used to restore the size of the omul, say Rosrybolovstvo. In addition, it is planned to breed fish fry at Baikal fish factories. "In addition, we will improve the material and technical base of the fish protection enterprises to eliminate loopholes that are used by poachers," the RosRibolovstvo correspondent was told by EastRussia.
The question remains open as to what to do now for the fishing industry, whose main activity in the region was based on catching omul. In Rosrybolovstve do not exclude measures of state support, subsidizing organizations for the temporary change in the profile of activities. Measures will be discussed with the regional authorities.
However, not everyone agrees with the initiative to impose a ban on omul fishing. For example, State Duma deputy Mikhail Shchapov considers it necessary to postpone the introduction of this ban for a year and use this time to adopt a program to support the local population and eliminate gaps in the legislation. He believes that at the moment the ban of departments looks poorly worked out and may have a negative impact on the region's economy, the press service of the State Duma reports. At the moment, the deputy sent an appeal to Rosrybolovstvo, in which he proposed to temporarily postpone the ban for a year.