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Hear, time is buzzing - BAM!
526,1 billion rubles for the Eastern polygon as a whole and almost 260 billion of them for the development of the Far Eastern Railway (DVB) - such figures were voiced on the eve of the leadership of the Far Eastern Railway in Khabarovsk.
From the station with the telling name Bamovskaya, which is in the Skovorodinsky district of Priamurye, on an inconspicuous rut somewhere in the taiga, the journey takes about 1,5 hours. According to those who work there, that place will soon allow expanding the carrying capacity of the most stressful section of the so-called “small BAM”, a segment of the great highway, where now there are up to 20 of various trains, including both passenger and freight trains.
“Now the road is still normal,” explains during the next “bumpiness” of a jeep along the winter road along the tracks, Kirill. “But in spring and summer you will not pass here, especially on heavy machinery — they drove it here last winter.”
"Having shuffled" in plenty, we come to "place X", where next to the main roads there is a new sprinkling and workers lay a reinforced concrete sleeper - six months there is a completion of the BAM-2 and all necessary infrastructure for the railway.
"On wooden sleepers with a hammer it is necessary to wave - it is heavier. And here everything is mechanized: we tighten bolts with special screwdrivers, we do not turn anything by hand - we just put it, "explains brigadier Alexander Morozov.
For permafrost to appear in permafrost conditions, it was required to lay 170 thousand cubic meters in the basement. M of soil, the height of which in some areas reaches 5 m. But in some places the legacy left by the builders of 80-x comes to the workers' help: in some areas it is possible to use supports for bridges or zemolotno under the second path (of course, examination).
In addition to the busy train schedule, the imprint on the construction site is also imposed by nature - builders will be able to crash into the existing path only with the onset of heat. While permafrost is interfering.
"In order for us to start a movement here, we must first align it first: make a ballistic prism according to the project, raise the VSP (The upper structure of the path - ed.) On a design mark and only then trains will go here, - explains the chief engineer of the company-contractor Valery Zherebetsky. - And after the final laying of the rail grille the movement will be completely transferred to a new path. Already then the reconstruction of the old BAM will start, according to which the trains are going today. "
A few kilometers further completion of the road - the track, of course, was here before, but since the height of construction for her no one has ever followed. At the end of the works, together with the BAM-2, the builders will leave the additional settlements with improved infrastructure.
“People will drive, maybe thanks, who will say - it will be nice. This is one aspect - smiles Valery Zherebetsky. “Another legacy for railroad workers will remain: right there are fire stations, telecom operators — they will get to work more conveniently by our way than by broken-down ruts.”
These are the facts, say local authorities, and give people hope. Only in Tyndinsky district there are 15 Bamov settlements numbering from several hundred to several thousand people - all of them were initially tied to the railway. In addition, there are also economic aspects: people hope that the second phase of BAM will help the people of Amur to survive the crisis and will give new jobs.
Only in the Tyndinsky section of the BAM plan to increase the staff by about 800 people who still need to be found somewhere (perhaps someone will be offered a move even from the Shimanovsky district, where it became known the day before about the liquidation of the whole carload depot, which resulted in the order of 500 people being deprived Work). In the meantime, the railway workers are working with the specialized institutions for training young people, who will be recruited mainly from the suburban townships. In total, up to 2018 a Tinnaid site from the federal budget will be allocated about 48 billion rubles - the plans here are truly grandiose.
“Construction of 19 junction, six second tracks, two double-track inserts, development of three stations: Yuktali, Tynda, Ulak. Next - the development of Tynda and working depot: Fevralsk and Berkakit. Well, the social program for the construction of housing - do you understand what this means for those who have not seen anything but devastation since 1980? - explains the Deputy Chief Engineer of the Far Eastern Railway in the Tyndin region, Alexander Bugera. - With the launch of new sites, the possibilities of BAM to transport coal from the Elginsky and Neryungri deposits and ore from the Olekminsky mine will increase significantly. There will also be added a way out to Sovgavan. ”
Meanwhile, all operating in the Tynda region travel on the principle of semi-auto-blocking - that is, until one train arrives at a neighboring exit or station, the next can not go. With the introduction of new sites, the problem with waiting is a thing of the past.
At the moment, about 2 thousand wagons a day pass through the main transport junction of the BAM, as well as its capital Tynda. Most of them carry coal, timber and various ores. According to railway workers, with the introduction of BAM-2 into operation, the capacity of this section will grow by 2-3 times.
Fly in the Ointment
The railway line from the station Bamovskaya to the village of Tyndinsky was originally built in 1941, and in 1942 by the decision of the State Defense Committee of the USSR was dismantled. Rails and sleepers were sent to the construction of a railroad railway near Stalingrad. New construction on the same site (the so-called modern "small BAM") began 5 April 1972 year, and in May 1975 on the new railway line to the village of Tyndinsky the first train arrived.
8,3 ha - this area of the clearing must be cut down to broaden the earth;
175 thous. m - such a volume of soil to be poured into the base of the ground;
5 m - height of the embankment;
9,5 km - the length of the path that must be laid;
7 - so many turnouts will be placed on a new exit.
151970 cc M - the volume of excavation;
65980 cc M - the volume of the embankment;
4,58 km - length of new routes;
38 - so many traffic lights will be installed;
48,6 km - the length of the cable to be laid at the station.