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How in the Far East did the emergency services alert system
In the Far East, there is a shortage of emergency call systems "ERA-GLONASS", which are mandatory for installation on imported cars used in Russia. In a more favorable position were domestic manufacturers, producing cars of foreign brands. EastRussia figured out how the government's reasonable demands for increased security came across the unreasonable behavior of market participants.
At present, the plant's capacities allow producing up to 70 thousand cars annually (in addition to Mazda CX-5, the company produces another model of the Japanese brand - Mazda 6). At the same time, all produced foreign cars of the new generation are equipped with an alarm device. "For us, it was not news that since 1 January all cars should be equipped with an emergency call system" ERA-GLONASS ". This technical regulation, which was adopted a few years ago, "- said Dmitry Kudinov.
"As such, there are no buttons in our cars," he said. - This is a system that allows you to contact emergency services if a certain set of sensors is triggered. It is produced in Japan and already comes to us. "
EastRussia Help. On January 1, 2017, the requirements for the mandatory equipping of all passenger and cargo vehicles first put into circulation on the territory of the Eurasian Economic Union with ERA-GLONASS emergency call devices came into force. The equipment components of this system include a navigation module, a communication module, a modem, internal non-volatile and random access memory, a backup power supply, an automatic accident identification sensor, an individual sim card, antenna, microphone, speaker, etc. The device is equipped with means of cryptographic information protection. To date, the total number of calls received and processed by the ERA-GLONASS system throughout the territory of the Russian Federation since the beginning of its operation has approached 260 thousand. Of these, more than 1,7 thousand required a response from emergency operational services, the victims received assistance.
Unlike the automotive industry, the market for supported foreign cars was not ready for innovation. In the first months of 2017, hundreds of imported imported cars accumulated in temporary storage warehouses in the ports of Vladivostok, since according to the law, ERA-GLONASS modules could only be installed at the vehicle manufacturer. The business involved in hauling and selling cars from Japan incurred losses due to the storage of foreign cars in the parking lot of customs. "Primorye is the most motorized region of Russia, we were the first to be hit," said Roman Sultanov, head of the Customs Broker company.
Only in April, the temporary order of the equipment of machines started working with an alarm button. GLONASS JSC entered into an agreement with the coastal companies, which became authorized representatives of the all-Russian information system operator and were able to start selling terminals for their subsequent installation on foreign cars. “At first we conclude an agreement obliging the buyer to install the device on the car. Further, these cars, the body number or the vehicle's wine number are entered into the subscriber terminal id, then we register it in the GLONASS information system. This will allow the operator to determine the location of the car in case of activation of the alarm button, ”explained the head of Sumotori-Auto company Sergey Verkeenko.
However, the situation remains acute due to the shortage of ERA-GLONASS systems. The equipment suppliers (such as ZAO Santel-Navigation, ITELMA, Fort-Telecom) were not able to immediately supply the required number of terminals, citing the fact that demand in the secondary market so far exceeds supply, and yet it is still necessary to supply production on the conveyors of automakers. For example, an emergency call button from Fort-Telecom (Perm) equipped with Hyundai trucks, produced at the Avtotor plant in the Kaliningrad region.
Hence, there is a long queue for installing terminals for supported machines. But if for the Primorye the problem is gradually solved, then more difficulties for residents of remote regions who ordered a foreign car in Primorye. "I have to travel to Vladivostok, to find out when I will see a car already paid. I spent so much money on telephone calls, but I can not get a car from May ", - the motorist from Siberia Yuri is indignant.
The shortage caused speculation of devices. The price comes to 70-80 thousand rubles. per set at the official in the 27 area, thou. The facts of the resale of internal passwords, poor installation of equipment, incorrect entry of vehicle data in the GAIS were also established. “Different speculative schemes are used, buttons work disgustingly. A monopoly has now been created, only two companies in Vladivostok can sell the ERA-GLONASS device, ”said State Duma deputy from Primorye Andrei Andreichenko.
As a result, GLONASS JSC decided to terminate the contractual relationship with the installation workshops in Primorye since July 1. Only official agents of the operator can enter information into the satellite information system. However, in the GLONASS they promise in the near future to organize on their portal a service for checking the equipment, which will help to eliminate the incorrect operation of the equipment, and contracts with workshops will be renewed.
According to Denis Sarana, a member of the board of directors of Vladivostok Sea Fishing Port OJSC, many localized production of ERA-GLONASS modules, in particular at Dalpribor’s facilities, would allow to avoid many problems. Moreover, the coastal enterprise, as is known, is focused on the production of sonar equipment for the Navy, aviation search aids, could work on the needs of not only second-hand foreign car dealers, but also the domestic auto industry.
In turn, JSC "GLONASS" promises to close the issue with a deficit of systems in August. The operator corrected the schedule of sending devices to the Far East. In accordance with it about 20 thousand sets of equipment the region will receive in July and August.
One more actual moment: how well the actions of the operators of the automated system "ERA-GLONASS" and the involved services will be coordinated when receiving an emergency call. "Responding in such cases requires well coordinated actions, since the victims can be unconscious, and every minute of delay can cost them their lives," said Roman Rulev, the head of the contact center of the GAIS "ERA-GLONASS".
For example, in the Moscow region (by the number of cars equipped with an alarm button, this is one of the most active Russian regions) over the past year and the first half of this order 250 emergency calls received as a result of an accident were transferred to the 112 system. Of these, nearly a third of calls were initiated automatically, that is, in case of serious accidents.