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"Latitude Crimean, longitude Kolyma"
Who got land in the Far East
The Afisha Daliy journalists were interested in the law on the Far Eastern hectare. EastRussia publishes material on the program colleagues.
The program for the settlement of the Far East - "Far Eastern Hectare" - was launched back in June 2016, in June last year it was adopted Relevant law... Residents of several regions of the Far East were the first to receive a free plot of land, since October this opportunity has appeared for all Far Easterners, and since February 2017 - for all Russians, including those living abroad. Citizens of other states, of course, cannot participate in the program, they are even forbidden to lease Far Eastern lands.
Plots of no more than a hectare in size are handed out strictly one at a time, while you can even arrange a Far Eastern piece of land for a baby. Applicants determine its location independently - this can be done on the program website "To the Far East"... You will have to choose between lands in Yakutia, Amur, Magadan and Sakhalin regions, Primorsky, Kamchatka and Khabarovsk territories, as well as in the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug.
The obtained site can be used free of charge for five years, subject to its "development". The temporary owner is given a year to choose the land development activity. This can be housing construction, development of agriculture, forestry and hunting, or other business. After three years of use, it is necessary to report on the results achieved to the authorities. After five years, the temporary owner is granted a 49-year lease. At the same time, they promise that after a 10-year lease, the land can be registered as property.
What about the program "Far Eastern hectare" say economists
Igor Makarov Associate Professor of the Department of World Economy, HSE
“The“ Far Eastern hectare ”is good because it does not require large government spending. In many ways, the program is a win-win: if there are a lot of developed areas, and they start economic activity in the region, great. If not, there will still be some result at the lowest cost. All this can be assessed in five years, when it becomes clear whether the plots will become the property of temporary owners.
The program will not solve, for example, a demographic problem due to its scale - this is just one of the ways to develop a business. Do not compare the "Far Eastern Hectare" with the development of the Wild West in the 2013th century. in America or with the initiative of settling Siberia under Stolypin. In those days, the land was the main source of income, for many - a factor of survival. Now it is a much less attractive asset, especially if its only a hectare. In modern conditions, economic activity on land is impossible without access to capital and infrastructure. In general, this program is part of a large-scale strategy for the development of the Far East, which was launched in XNUMX, when Russia, previously economically oriented only to Europe, realized what prospects could open up for it in the Asia-Pacific region. By the way, now the Far East occupies a key place in the gradual deepening of cooperation with Asian countries. "
What the participants say
Arthur Agafonov Journalist East Russia, Moscow
“My brother and I have been developing tourism in the Far East for more than five years: guides through most of the Far Eastern regions, drove and walked Yakutia, Kamchatka, Chukotka, Primorye, Sakhalin, Magadan region and Khabarovsk Territory. Locals love to measure their lands with foreign countries. The territory of the Far East is about two Indies. One Yakutia would fit six Frances. At the same time, a little more than six million people live in the region - about the same in Denmark. The vast expanses of the region are empty.
The main difficulty in obtaining a hectare is the choice of location. I advise you to compare the map on the portal with Yandex Maps - so you will definitely not take a swamp or a ravine. Although we did not have any difficulties with the choice: we got to our future site a year ago, when we were compiling a guide to the Sakhalin Region. Once we were driving along the highway and saw a woman who was selling boiled crabs right on the road. True, at first we decided that it was strawberries, only then we saw it. We bought crabs, beer and sat down to dine on the seashore. Then we thought how nice it would be to live here. Therefore, when the program started working, we chose a site right there on the shore.
The beauty of the chosen place is that it is located forty minutes from the capital of the region - Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk. An asphalted road leads to the city - it’s not some kind of tundra-forest. Plus, there are world markets nearby - Japan, Korea and China. We are planning to use the received land for commercial purposes, to establish our own business. What - they have not yet come up with: there is still a year to think about the plan. We are not going to move permanently, although we are ready to live there for a year or two in order to realize some interesting project. "
Andranik Agafonov Chief Editor, East Russia, Moscow
“Locals say:“ The latitude is Crimean, the longitude is Kolyma ”- this proverb very accurately defines the Far Eastern climate. The south of Sakhalin in latitude is almost Crimea, but the weather is complicated. It is rainy and cool in summer, the sea warms up weakly. And the coast is often covered with dense fog. It is damp in winter and strong winds blow; there is so much snow that trains get stuck. But it is nice to have a house on the seashore - even if the Sea is Okhotsk. From our site to the water 30 meters. You can build a pier for a boat, you can buy a yacht and sail around the world. I hope that we will reach our land in the fall. First, we will put a sea container where you can spend the night and leave your things - it will be possible to keep within one hundred thousand rubles. In the future we plan to build a house together with our neighbor friends. True, the question arises about expediency - it is problematic to live without electricity and water.
But so far we do not consider Sakhalin as a permanent place of residence. It is rather a summer base, from which it is convenient to travel to the Kuril Islands, Japan, China and Korea. Acquaintances, on the contrary, take land here for an apiary, mini-farms, the construction of campgrounds and hotels. The program's website lists many uses for sites. There are even "border guards", "hemp cultivation" or "religious purposes". "
Konstantin Andreev Sailor, Vladivostok
“I have long dreamed of my own house with a small farm: beds, chickens. One could come there on weekends and holidays. And after retirement, move for good. Therefore, when the program became available to all residents of the Far East, I decided to take part in it. I didn't even need a whole hectare - 30-40 acres would be enough. The main criterion was the maximum proximity to Vladivostok and communications.
A suitable plot was found near the village of Steklyanukha. From there to Vladivostok no more than 60 kilometers. I issued an application on January 13 and received preliminary approval about a month later. But at the beginning of March, they refused me, explaining that the site I had chosen fell within the boundaries of the archaeological heritage site. I did not want to apply for the second time. At the same time, it seems to me that the program will work normally: it is easy to send an application. Plus, it doesn't take more than ten minutes. The problem can arise only with the map on which you want to draw the desired area. Due to the lack of objects on it that interfere with the receipt of land, people are misinformed. Unfortunately, there are a lot of people like me who have not coped with the map.
The fate of the temporary owners after five years of developing hectares is still unclear: the state can lease high rent for them. And if the land is allowed to be registered as property, it is not a fact that the cadastral value will be acceptable. And taxes will have to be paid. Another problem is communications and infrastructure. Owners must do everything at their own expense: call engineers, surveyors and other specialists to conduct surveying and assessment. It's expensive - it's easier to buy a dacha ”.
Tatyana Babushkina Farmer, Kamchatka
“Many Russians spend their holidays in Cyprus, where they ride donkeys from one winery to another up hills and hills. Two years ago, my family and I thought why not make the same attraction in our Kamchatka Peninsula. We have a very beautiful nature: volcanoes, water, forest! We bought three adult donkeys, which eventually had three more babies, and organized farmon your own site. We decided to develop the family business further, and therefore, having learned about the launch of the Far Eastern Hectare program, we took two plots near our house - for me and for my son. The paperwork was not difficult. Now, mainly parents with children, residents of nearby cities come to our farm, but we hope that tourists will soon catch up. Because many travelers from Russia and other countries come to Kamchatka.
Some of our friends are also participating in the Far East settlement program. Basically, hectares are taken for housing or business development. Some, like us, want to expand: open honey apiaries, put up greenhouses. Kamchatka has good, fertile land. I like the idea of the program itself: I believe that they should invest in the region, build modern buildings, develop business, and attract tourists. They say that there will be no ownerless and vacant plots - local authorities must monitor how the land is used, and if a hectare is empty, the state will take it back. "