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Chance for a green economy
For environmental studies in the Far East undertook a Nobel laureate from Italy. He is sure: "green" technologies have every chance to come to replace the traditional
The laboratory for the study of climate change in the Far East was created at FEFU, headed by Riccardo Valentini, professor at the University of Tuscia (Italy) and director of the European Mediterranean Center for Climate Change.
February 29, 2016 will go down in the history of the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU) as the date of the university's integration into the European global climate change monitoring system. On this day, the rector of the University Sergei Ivanets signed a labor contract with Riccardo Valentini, a world-famous Italian ecologist, professor at the University of Tuscia (near Rome), director of the European Mediterranean Center for Climate Change, laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize "For the study of the consequences of global climate change ( the so-called global warming) caused by human activities, and the development of measures for their possible prevention ”.
“The recruitment of Mr. Riccardo Valentini to FEFU assumes that he will periodically come to Vladivostok in order to lecture here and conduct seminars with our students, conduct all the necessary work with graduate students and doctoral students. But this is not the end of it. We are creating a laboratory within the walls of our university under his leadership - the Laboratory for the Study of Climate Change in the Far East, ”said FEFU Rector Sergei Ivanets at a joint briefing with an Italian professor.
According to the rector, the laboratory will be located in the central building of the FEFU, under the leadership of Riccardo Valentini, first of all, the staff of the FEFU School of Natural Sciences, but not only. “It will be an interdisciplinary structure and it will employ specialists from different departments of our university, in particular, from the School of Economics and Management of the FEFU. Moreover, the work of scientists and teachers will not be limited to office walls, but full-scale field research and measurements of climate change will be carried out with the help of our stations in the Terneisky region, ”stressed Sergei Ivanets.
Riccardo Valentini himself thanked the FEFU leadership for their trust and noted that he considered it an honor to work at such a university, which, along with the richest traditions of Russian science and education, personifies the Asian part of the great country.
“In Primorye, my Russian colleagues from FEFU and I will focus on creating a research team that will study both the risks of climate change and the positive opportunities arising from these changes. In the latter case, we can talk, for example, about the development of new types of agriculture. Moreover, we plan to create in the region such a large-scale center for the analysis of climate change that it will cover with its research not only the Russian Far East, but the entire Asia-Pacific region as a whole.
In general, our work at FEFU will go in two innovative directions. The first is related to the measurement of greenhouse gas emissions (carbon dioxide and methane) - both as a result of natural processes (vital activity of organisms) and as a result of human economic activity (hydrocarbon energy, transport, etc.).
The second direction is the planning of economic activities, which, on the one hand, would be optimal in the face of irreversible climatic changes, and on the other, it would itself contribute to the fact that negative climatic changes were reduced to a minimum, "- this is how the Italian professor in conversation with journalists.
It should be recalled here that Riccardo Valentini's activities as an ecologist are inextricably linked with the conferences of the countries participating in the UN Climate Change Convention (COP). The last such conference - 21-I according to the account - took place in Paris in December 2015. The concern of the governments of 195 countries of the world is caused by human economic activity associated with the ever-increasing consumption of hydrocarbon resources (as a result of the rapid growth of humanity itself and the development of technology). As a result, the atmosphere is littered with carbon dioxide and other so-called greenhouse gases that contribute to the global temperature rise on Earth.
So, according to the calculations of a number of environmental experts, since the beginning of the industrial revolution in the second half of the 18th century, the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by 30%. And compared with 1850, the total temperature on the globe has increased by 1 degree. According to some models, if the temperature rises another 2 degrees, it could lead to dangerous consequences.
The Paris Conference (COP-21) formulated a goal for the coming decades - to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions without jeopardizing further economic development. A number of countries announced their plans to achieve certain indicators in this direction. Thus, Russia announced its intention to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from 25% to 20% by 2030 compared to 1990. In this matter, our country relies on its forest resources, which make up 20% of the world's forest.
This is partly why Riccardo Valentini went to the Russian Far East, a region characterized by the maximum concentration of forest resources along with the minimum population density. One of the main tasks of the new FEFU laboratory under the leadership of an Italian ecologist will be the search for just such methods of economic management and energy technologies that would not so much litter the environment, but would harmoniously combine with it.
To the question of the "ER" correspondent, "Is there a chance for new environmentally friendly (so-called" green ") technologies to break through the departmental and corporate interests of influential social groups focused on traditional hydrocarbon energy sources? the Nobel laureate answered positively:
“You know, today the“ green ”economy has every chance to replace the traditional one. Electric cars, the generation of electricity from the sun and wind, the active search for the best options for the hydrogen engine - all this is slowly starting to make its way into life. And the very fact of creating laboratories similar to the one that we organized at FEFU is a good confirmation of this. Man is a system capable, at a certain stage of its development, to realize all the perniciousness of falsely understood scientific and technological progress. "
Pursuing a policy of improving the quality of teaching and conducting scientific research to the world level, FEFU invites international-class professionals. One of them was Professor Riccardo Valentini, who, in addition to the Nobel Prize, was awarded a number of other honorary awards and titles. In particular, the awards of Nornbert Gember, the European Scientific Council, the European Federation of Ecologists, Marx Planck, Ernst Haeckel and the title of "Best Ecologist in Europe 2015".