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Will the fishermen eat or not eat the fishing company?
Reflects Alexander Savelyev after the IV Congress of Fisheries of the Russian Federation
Fishermen from all over Russia gathered in Moscow and decided how to fill the country, which is washed by fourteen seas, with available fish. The half-thousandth hall was jam-packed, however, the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov and vice-premier Arkady Dvorkovich were placed at the most honorable places, which, in fact, are responsible for the fish economy.
As it should be, delegates from the shores of all our fourteen seas first of all noted the unconditional development of the economic, industrial, technical and social situation in the industry over the past twenty years. The catches increased almost to 5 million tons, and the state revenues from the fish industry exceeded 40 billion. And as the president of the All-Russian Association of Fisheries Enterprises, Entrepreneurs and Exporters, Herman Zverev, stated in his speech, "Formation of the modern image of the industry would be impossible without the existing basic principle of domestic fishing - long-term grant of the right to extract aquatic biological resources. The preservation of the historical principle is the basis for the further, progressive development of the industry. "
At this point, positive news for us, consumers of seafood, is coming to an end. Further representatives of coastal regions, as they say, with figures and reinforced concrete arguments explained to responsible state officials that fish economic prosperity can come to an end.
On the eve of the fishermen's congress, a grand scandal erupted. Suddenly it turned out that 600 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources, which will be confiscated from all fishing companies in Russia for investment in the construction of ships and processing factories, are mainly intended for the Russian Fishery Company.
This was the main theme of the industry in the last four years. According to Rosrybolovstva, in 2012 the fishermen had 4000 ships. Two years later - 2600. That is, the rate of retirement of the fishing fleet, whose wear is estimated at 90%, is catastrophic. And the new ones are only promised to be built near 30, of which 7 was only laid in the shipyard, as Ilya Shestakov, head of Rosrybolovstvo, said at a recent meeting with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. That is, to restore the potential, it will take more than 100 years. And then, provided that companies do not abandon the questionable program, as, for example, the Transfiguration Base of the Trawling Fleet has already done.
On the eve of the congress it became absolutely clear that the project, for which the law was changed and issued about thirty decrees of the government, failed. The so-called investment quotas will allow the Russian Fisheries Company to update the worn-out fleet, which the Chinese have relieved, but this is by no means the fishing fleet of Russia.
Now the "Russian fishing company" draws the state regulator into another adventure. Judging by the speeches of the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov and vice-premier Arkady Dvorkovich at the congress, they are stubbornly inclined to break the law on fishing in general, to reconsider the basic, "historical principle" of quota allocation.
They decided to start with a crab. For four months, as this initiative sounded, everyone was indignant: associations and unions, bankers and businessmen, veterans and experts, heads of Far Eastern regions and the plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern District. Yes, there the plenipotentiary, Vladimir Putin himself, the president of the Russian Federation, at the December press conference clearly stated that the historical principle is good for fishing, it needs to be preserved.
At the congress, everyone also spoke out unequivocally about the catastrophic threat to the well-proven historical principle from the destructive crab auctions. All are ready to firmly defend the historical principle of endowing fishermen with the opportunity to fish not only crabs, but fish in general for the next fifteen years. But this does not stop the Russian Fish Industry Company?
Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich admitted that Rosrybolovstvo and the Ministry of Agriculture are already making the necessary calculations about crab auctions, but promised that the hidden bureaucratic work will become public, without further backroom discussions. Head of Rosrybolovstva Ilya Shestakov preferred to remain silent.
On the eve of the congress, another scandal erupted. The rules for allocating production quotas in sea waters were published, in which - no less than a little - the grounds for refusal to fix the quota share were formulated. Yes, so formulated that the fishermen immediately suspected officials in the unhandled. "Mistake" in Rosrybolovstvo was promised to be corrected, but they continued the work with a quiet sap.
Mine, which laid the developers in the draft federal law "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation in the Field of Fisheries and the Conservation of Aquatic Biological Resources in Part of the Auction in Electronic Form", has yet to be rushed.
Burned on the milk of investment quotas, fishermen are now blowing on the water of every document emanating from the regulator. At the congress, they once again unanimously expressed concern that muddy amendments to the law are being prepared in the interests of the same "Russian fishery company." After all, with the help of the mechanism incorporated in the project it is possible to masterly juggle not only with carrying out, and most importantly, with the results of these same "auctions in electronic form". Especially the crab!
In general, the industry spirit against the "Russian Fishery Company" in general and at the congress in particular could add the impression that the fishermen are extremely inclined against the newcomers, that they zealously protect their industry from amateurs, but it is obvious that the industry economy is open to anyone who wants to invest in it . Well tempted beginners on the crab, who is prevented by law to buy companies with quotas on this same crab? But they are striving cheaper or zadarma. And for the sake of this it is possible to correct the law or completely bypass it. Love zadarma not work out exactly. Even if you assume, do not lead the Lord, return to the crab auctions, from the nightmare of which they got rid of at the beginning of zero, it is clear that the price of liquid seafood will soar to the skies. That is, the available lobbying of the credited billionaires outshines the elementary business logic.
Well, bought the "Russian Fishery Company" almost a year ago, quotas for crab in Primorye for a lot of money! So what? Even a quarter of the volume is not mastered! They have nothing to master, there are no special courts. They can not catch their own fish volume and have already turned into so-called quota rentiers. And the one they catch is sent for export. So we, the consumers of seafood, from their activities, as they say, neither cold nor hot.
A couple of years ago, at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council on the development of the fisheries sector, Vladimir Putin uttered a sacramental phrase: “Indeed, there are people who feel very good. Now we need to distribute this "very well" to the entire population of the country. "
It seems that not everyone has heard the president, and everyone strives to do even better. Maybe the voice of fishermen from all over Russia will be heard? We are waiting for the resolution of the congress.