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Sergey Luzyanin on the general space of the Russian Federation and the PRC
Exclusive interview to Xinhua News Agency
The beginning of the creation of a "common Eurasian economic space" and. about. Director of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Sergei Luzyanin, called a joint statement on cooperation on the conjugation of the construction of the Eurasian Economic Union and the "economic belt of the Silk Road" signed by President of Russia Vladimir Putin 8 and Chairman Xi Jinping.
Sergey Luzyaninand. about. Director of the Institute of Far East RAS
"Pairing is a very large joint project, which will take a long time to come true, but after important negotiations in Moscow, the parties actually recognized the progressivity on the one hand of the Silk Road, on the other hand, the Eurasian Economic Union." The sides confirmed that these projects strengthen each other and work For mutual development, "- said Luzyanin in an exclusive interview with Xinhua.
According to him, the projects objectively work on each other and are aimed at creating a common common economic space that benefits both China and Russia, and all other countries that belong to the “Silk Road Economic Belt,” according to research conducted by scientists before signing the application.
Speaking about the joint statement of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, Luzyanin drew attention to the fact that the SCO was mentioned as a platform and the basis for linking the "economic belt of the Silk Road" and the Eurasian Economic Union. "Previously, these projects were never considered in the" triunity ", it was always about three separate areas: the development of the economic belt, the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union and the work within the SCO, for the first time they were politically and scientifically united, so we can say that From the "triune" follows a new Russian-Chinese Eurasian geopolitics, "the source said.
According to the expert, the integration of projects will take place, first of all, in the infrastructure sphere: construction of new and modernization of old roads and railways on the Russian territory, in Central Asia and other territories of the "economic belt of the Silk Road" and the Eurasian Economic Union.
Another important area of cooperation, according to and. about. Head of the IFES RAS, is investment banking cooperation. The "Trinity" of projects will allow the investment capital of China, Russia and other countries to join the Eurasian Bank of Russia and Kazakhstan, and in the future, possibly the SCO Bank, and strengthen the main Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank. There is already a fund 50 billion dollars for the development of infrastructure projects in the framework of the project “one belt, one way,” therefore the infrastructure sector is potentially very promising, ”Luzyanin explained.
The third important line of interface projects and. about. Head of the IFES RAS considers the joint construction of factories and plants for the production of industrial materials, the development of metallurgy and the oil and gas industry, including the exploration and processing of hydrocarbons. "I have always acted and continue to advocate for greater access of Chinese investments to the energy sector of Russia, because such a huge industry gives opportunities for development to all countries," the expert explained.
Another possible direction for linking projects, according to S. Luzyanin, is agriculture. "Under the conditions of anti-Russian sanctions from the West and the implementation by Russia of a policy of import substitution, Russian-Chinese cooperation in the sphere of joint production of agro-industrial products can give a powerful impetus to development for both countries." In connection with the fact that investments are needed, four territories of advanced development, preferences In which will be given to China, in particular to Chinese businessmen, "he said.
The scientist paid particular attention to the second Russian-Chinese investment forum Global Forum, which will be held in Beijing from 3 to 5 in September during the celebration of the 70 anniversary of the Victory of the Chinese people in the anti-Japanese war. This forum, according to Luzyanin, is part of the pairing of two projects and is intended to promote the development and attraction of Chinese investment in the Russian regions.
Answering a question from a correspondent of Xinhua about possible difficulties in pairing the two projects, the scientist said that the implementation of large projects always inevitably presents difficulties. The expert identified different organizational qualities as the main problem of project matching: "The Eurasian Economic Union is already a legally and administratively established institution of development, and" one belt, one way "is a system of projects in different spheres united by the bank, as well as a huge economic process of Eurasia development with the help of China and twenty-odd states, which until the end has not yet been institutionalized. "
"The wisdom of Chairman Xi Jinping is that he announced the equality of big and small countries in these projects, that they have equal chances for development, this is very important," the agency’s source said. That is why, SLuzyanin is sure, the difficulty associated with the difference in the scale of the “economic belt of the Silk Road” and the EAEU is not a serious obstacle to the conjugation of projects.
The head of the IFES Institute believes that the Eurasian Economic Union is ultimately aimed at forming a regional integration association, while the "economic belt of the Silk Road" is not yet an integration project. "
And about. Director of IFES RAS is confident that the interfacing of projects is possible, despite this contradiction. "I think that during the development of the economic belt and the strengthening of the interface with the Eurasian Economic Union, regional integration zones for the free movement of Chinese capital, goods and services, in particular the Eurasian Economic Union, will appear," he said, adding that other less significant administrative difficulties - bureaucratic and technical nature, can be eliminated thanks to the efforts of the expert community.
According to Sergey Luzyanin, due to the conjunction of Eurasian projects from Vladivostok to Kaliningrad, it will become a zone of Russian-Chinese real cooperation in the sphere of goods, services and capital. "This will be an integration, different from that which is being carried out within the framework of the EU or ASEAN, a new Eurasian integration, which was invented by Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping," the expert is sure.
“If the pairing of the three projects is successful, both Russia and China and Central Asia will become more united, balanced and cooperative. This will change the economic and geopolitical balance of power in favor of these countries. It is important to understand that neither the Silk Road economic belt” Neither the SCO nor the Eurasian Economic Union is directed against third countries. V.Putin and Xi Jinping have repeatedly stressed that all projects are open to other participants and there are no insurmountable barriers to entry, "said Luzyanin.
According to him, "the countries are on the verge of creating a" new Eurasian geopolitics, "which in classical American political science was called" Heartland, "an arc that passes through the main continent." "A new peaceful, open" Russian-Chinese Heartland "is being created, which presupposes a non-military and non-military option for development .The strength of Russian-Chinese initiatives to link the" economic belt of the Silk Road "and the Eurasian Economic Union is that they are economic and cooperative, and not Military and power, Russia and China create the "Eurasian axis", which can become a new center of the future economic world, "predicts and. about. Director of the Institute for Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergei Luzyanin.