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Rural business for beginners
Why and how farmers are allocated grants in the Far East
The EU allocates 40% of the budget for subsidies to agriculture and receives three crops a year. The reality is that without subsidizing agriculture there will be no food security - therefore, farmers can not do without grants and government support. On the example of Yakutia EastRussia figured out how things are in this case in the Far East.
In 2017 in Russia grants under the program of support of beginning farmers have received 2572 farmers. This year is planned slightly less - about 2400. In Yakutia, in comparison with last year, there is an increase: if in 2017, grants were won by 66 people, then this year they became 81, noted in the Yakutia Agriculture Ministry. The procedure for granting subsidies has also changed: for example, a beginner farmer engaged in livestock (cattle, meat and dairy), since last year can claim up to three million rubles.
As the Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Policy of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Nikolai Petrov noted, until 2016 the aid was significantly less - up to 1,5 million rubles in all categories. “These funds were not enough to get on our feet,” Nikolai Petrov explained. "Now the amount has increased, and the heads of the peasant (farm) economy who received the grant will feel increased support." The grant with the unchanged amount - 1 rubles - still remained for some areas: for example, for the same horse breeders and plant breeders who find it easier to develop their agriculture.
In Yakutia for 2012-2017 years grants for support of beginning farmers were received by 618 people from 30 districts of the republic. "In my opinion, agriculture has acquired new breath among Russians and is becoming a profitable business," Nikolai Petrov believes. - For 2017 year in Russia, the income from export of agricultural products increased by 40% compared to the output of the defense industry complex. This trend is reflected in Yakutia - in recent years, we have increased the number of livestock and other indicators. For example, last year the republic passed for the first time the 25-billion mark of gross agricultural production. "
A resident of the village of Churachpa, Vasily Popov, received a grant of 1,5 million rubles in the direction "Breeding of an Animal Farm" in 2014. Then in the barn was only 7 cows, now the amount has increased to 25-ti. "The revenue from the base on average is 800-900 thousand per year, before it was less," the agrarian notes. - Probably, it will be more difficult for a beginner farmer to fill out the documentation and keep records. In the rest everything is fine. "
A resident of Even-Bytantaisk district Lena Bochkareva received a grant in the same direction more recently - last year. The funds were invested in the construction of a livestock base in 36 kilometers from the village, in which the cowshed for 50 heads is responsible for the production of products. "Now I have 28 goals on the farm. To half the cowshed was not empty, I took to the base still 17 goals according to the contract, - explains Lena Bochkareva. - They are followed by two workers. The base itself is designed for three, but due to the insufficient number of goals, there are still enough two people. In the plans to increase the number of goals to 50-ti. I work to increase production, because according to the rules of the program, the output of rural products should grow by 10% annually. "
As it turns out, today some farmers do not have enough land. For example, Alexander Zhirkov, a resident of the village of Khamagatta, Namsky District, received a grant of 1 rubles for crop production in 486. Its potato-growing base has two storage facilities - one for 000 tons, the second, unfinished due to lack of money, for 2014 tons; there is also all the necessary equipment. Only land is missing.
"On the field the size of 25 hectare, granted to me under the program, is 100% cultivation. The biggest difficulty for me is the lack of acreage, "agrarians said. - If you use the same arable land, then the harvest will decline year by year. In my plans to "grow" to 50 hectare of acreage - reaching this level, the cost of production will decrease and I will be able to sell potatoes more expensive. Now I have three permanent workers. In general, there are many people who want to work - they just need more space. "
Without subsidies, agriculture is indispensable, said Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Policy of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Nikolai Petrov. "Without government support, we will lose food security. If we buy products from other countries, then there is a risk that it can be both natural and artificial, - said Nikolai Petrov. "We should also understand that social development of the country's regions depends on agriculture: for the same residents living in villages and not having work, this is perhaps the only way to earn."
Is it worth to go to the beginning farmers, if you have not been for twenty years? The age limit for a participant in the program of a beginner farmer in Yakutia is 50-55 years, citing the figures of the deputy minister. "There is no age limit, you can create a project at least after school, even at the age of fifty. The main thing is a desire and a good idea, "Nikolai Petrov shares.
It is possible to develop agriculture not only with the help of local forces. For example, the company "Sayuri", which is a resident of the TOP "Industrial Park" Kangalassy ", to date, has grown more than 16 tons of tomatoes and 13 tons of cucumbers in a year-round greenhouse in the permafrost zone in the village of Tulagino using Japanese technologies. The project to create year-round greenhouses is implemented jointly with the Japanese company "Hokkaido Corporation" and works as a testing ground.
"Having reached the projected capacity, the project of the company" Sayuri "will close 30% of the Yakut needs. This is very good performance, "- said Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Policy of the RS (Y) Nikolai Petrov. It really looks like the truth: as Dmitry Borisov, General Director of TOR Industrial Park Kangalassa, notes, soon the investor plans to expand production, increasing the area of greenhouses of 0,1 ha size to 1,3 hectares with the second line.
According to Nikolai Petrov, the peak of agricultural development in Yakutia will come when the consumer can come to the store and calmly buy chilled meat. "Buying it, you will be assured of the freshness of the product - such meat can be, at most, three days old," explains the Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Policy. "Now, on the shelves, mostly meat is lying, which is unknown for what year and, worse, what kind of animal."
Today Yakutia can already export livestock products outside Russia, Nikolai Petrov concludes. "We can export the foal, reindeer products, fish and wild plants," the Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Food Policy said. - To take the same Tomsk region - the subject is small, and a considerable income in their budget brings exactly the products of wild plants, which they process, sell, provide employment in this area. In Yakutia, with its vast territory, there are excellent opportunities to process currant, wild strawberries, lingonberries, blueberries and other kinds of berries on a production scale and sell them to China, as, for example, Canada does. "