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The extraction of marine mammals can become an additional "trump card" for Magadan
How the seals were rolled into asphalt
In the Soviet years, the extraction of marine mammals (largha, lakhtak, lionfish, Akiba) was carried out industrially. When using raw materials, marine dozens could not do without an innovative approach. So, at the end of 1980-s, when the coverage of the Magadan-Balagannoye-Talon highway was improved, an emulsion was rolled up into the concrete, which included about 7% of frost fat. The emulsion, by the way, proved to be effective in critical climatic conditions (the road runs along the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk), and the cost of marine mammals, according to the road workers, was lower than the value of bitumen.
And what today? Scientists of the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO) once again draw the attention of the state and business to the extraction of marine mammals, developing standards for food products from the meat of these animals. As the assistant to the director of VNIRO Zoya Slagoguzova shared, the assortment is rather wide: it is culinary products (meat in jelly, cutlets, stew, stuffed pancakes, etc.), and sausage products (boiled-smoked and sausage sausages, sausages, sausages, etc.). , And frozen semi-finished products (pelmeni, a variety of stuffed products), and canned goods.
"The cost of products from the meat of sea-milling depends on the cost of raw materials and processing into final products, and given that the cost of processing mozzvere and beef or pork meat is similar, the difference in price will depend only on the cost of raw materials. For residents of the North and the Far East, it should be cheaper than beef or pork products. Taking into account that the meat of morgue has a high protein content, polyunsaturated fatty acids, iron and vitamins at low energy value, all these properties make products from it very promising both in public and individual, and in dietary, curative and therapeutic-preventive nutrition " , - Zoya Slagoguzova concluded.
Where did ZRSy
In Moscow, the test raw materials for the development of products from the meat of the sea-buckthorn were supplied by the Federal State Unitary Enterprise MagadanNIRO, and according to Vladimir Volobuev, the Deputy Director of this organization, in the Magadan Region the cases with the number of marine mammals are very good.
However, it is not a fact that the fishermen will be able to take the volumes indicated by scientists. If at the end of 1990's in the Magadan region, special animal-hunting vessels (ZRSy) of Polish and Finnish construction still worked; now there are no such ones anymore, as there are no specialists and no processing production.
In the middle of the 2000-ies. An enterprise specializing in the extraction and processing of marine mammals - "Oceanbioecoprodukt" - appeared. In the interview of those years, the head of the enterprise Andrei Zabelin said that "Okeanbioecoprodukt" had achieved certain results: a trademark "Tylenol" was created, the patent for the release of which belonged to this company, in general "certified production, received products, at this stage the question arose about the sales market And the cost of this product. " Then the enterprise participated in the trade and economic fair in Harbin, where it found interested in the products of investors and partners, but ... Today, the company does not carry out activities for the extraction and processing of marine mammals. At least, this information is confirmed in Okhotsk Territorial Administration of Rosrybolovstvo.
“Oceanbioproduct” is the last enterprise that was engaged in this type of fishing, but now there are no applications from the company for shooting the sea fish, ”said Snezhana Kotyukh, Deputy Head of the Regional Directorate of the Federal Fisheries Agency, EastRussia.
Other Kolyma fishing companies on the mozverya also do not pay attention. First of all, it is connected with the sales market: no one will spend their own funds on what will subsequently not be claimed and will not bring profit. Thus, the main question arises, to which there should be a clear answer: who will become a consumer of marine mammal production. When this becomes clear, the tasks of developing production technologies, supplying mammal courts, recruiting specialists will be decided.
The traditions of the people are not the same
By the way, if we talk about specialists, it would seem that one of the solutions is to attract hunters from among indigenous peoples of the North (indigenous peoples of the North), for whom this kind of fishing is traditional. However, the reality is that the indigenous population of the Magadan region is practically not mining marine mammals.
“There is practically no mining of sea livestock by representatives of the Indigenous Minorities, although statements from time to time are received from them,” Snezhana Kotyukh told EastRussia. - Shooting is not for the sale of meat and related products, so the numbers are reduced, literally, to units.
An authorized representative of the indigenous minorities of the North at the Magadan Oblast Duma, Anna Khabarova, confirmed to EastRussia correspondent that the situation with regard to the legislation on the extraction of marmot has improved compared to how it was four years ago.
"Previously, mining was conducted only in the spring and autumn, but now the seal can be fired all year round. But the whole trouble is that practically all the indigenous population does not have arms, "she said. - On the one hand, rifled weapons are expensive, on the other hand, the difficulty is caused by obtaining rights to it. To some extent, this is due to the use of alcohol (I'm not talking about everyone, but among young people this is the case), which is an obstacle in the passage of a medical commission. "
As Anna Khabarova noted, the rifle, or rather its absence, is not the only factor restraining the traditional type of activity of the indigenous people. Few people today have a suitable boat - after all, you will not go for rubber on a mozvere. Boat means should not only be purchased, but also obtained the necessary permits, including the right to manage it. While Magadan, by the way, does not train navigators.
How much lakhtaku left?
The government of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug not long ago designated that the main prospect for the development of the agro-industrial complex of the region relates specifically to the fishing of the moors. And the emphasis is not on meat and skins, but on enzyme-endocrine raw materials. In this case, mammals can theoretically yield profits that exceed the revenues from the gold mining industry of Chukotka.
In this situation, the sea fishing industry may become an additional trump card for the Magadan region, especially since the first steps in this direction have already been taken. Thus, the governor of the Magadan region, Vladimir Pecheny, discussed with the Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation Nikolai Fedorov the prospect of modernization and development of the region’s fisheries complex, which implies reconstruction and transfer of the fishing terminal of the Magadan sea port to state ownership, as well as the creation of a coastal base for storing the seafood.
For your information:
Seal meat contains high-grade protein, unlimited in essential essential amino acids, the proportion of which exceeds 24% of the native weight (for comparison: in category I beef this indicator averages 18,9%, in pork meat - 14,6%, in pork fat - 11,4% , I category lamb - 16,3%).
In muscle tissue of seals, the content of myoglobin, and hence of easily digestible heme iron, is, on the average, 10 times higher than in meat of farm animals, and also in fish. The iron content here reaches 9-12 mg per 100 g, which is almost 2 times more than in the beef liver.Seal meat has a high content of vitamin A and B vitamins, as well as a high content of mineral elements, including essential ones: ash content 1,4-1,6 g for 100 g, while ground animal meat 0,7-1,1 g for 100