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The saga of the Far Eastern hectare - 3
A series of essays on people and free land. Sketch # 3: chances and risks of the Far Eastern hectare
Everything started happily, bravely and under the TV camera. Hectares were given to several well-known benefactors and other good people. They were told about them in regional and some federal media. They shared their plans for a hectare with journalists. Then there was a pause.
Leonid BlyakherProfessor, Head of the Department of Philosophy and Culturology of the Pacific State University, Doctor of Philosophy
The administrative resource is included. In any case, such rumors persistently creep through the Far Eastern cities and villages. Civil servants of various ranks rushed over the hectare. Photos of officials on their own hectare appeared on the Internet. Important people expressed their opinion that the matter is good, they will also take it. For all the demonstrativeness of this act, people, one way or another interested in obtaining land, were able to get a closer look at the process of allocating land. Other tools worked for the “external audience”. Here is a VTsIOM poll showing millions of people eager to acquire land in the region. Look, you won't be in time? And here are many articles about how good it is to have a house in a village, ideally a Far Eastern one.
With millions of residents of European regions of Russia has not yet happened, but slowly the program began to unwind. Tens of thousands of plots were allocated, maps of plots were drawn up, and responsible persons were appointed. Applications, of course, were not millions, but already thousands. And not only officials. However, already with the thousands there were constantly some kind of incomprehensibility that required the direct intervention of either the minister or the plenipotentiary. The implementation of the program required professional work and long coordination. But the PR project dictated the need for quick action. More often won PR. Therefore, contradictions arose.
It turned out to be impossible to obtain a loan at any real interest rate for the development of the already received hectare. The happy owners of hectares appealed to the plenipotentiary. The latter spoke menacingly at the next meeting. The officials saluted, but the problems continued. Sometimes absurd and unexpected. So, the whole region "thundered" the case with a man, from whom for grubbing his hectare they demanded a fine of half a million rubles. After all, he destroyed trees, harmed the environment. And again, the benevolent intervention of the top officials of the territory and region.
But the number of problems as the number of owners of "Far Eastern hectares" increased definitely did not want to decrease. People naively wished to be able to drive to their site. But there was no road. In general, it was desirable to have electricity in the 21st century. And again it did not turn out. Again, thunder and lightning flew to the municipalities, which tear down and sabotage the much-needed undertaking. To the leaders of the subjects of the federation, who did not provide, did not provide, etc. The fact that the municipalities to ensure unexpectedly fallen on them "hectares" simply do not have the funds, did not make a pronouncement.
And the problems are growing and growing. Increasingly, the site is located directly near the landfill, or even on land that is already owned. They were included in the number of "Far Eastern hectares" and common areas: roads, power lines, etc. More and more outraged voices. Some of them are extinguished in the vast expanses of the Far East. The taiga wind carries some voices to the media. And someone's speeches reach the powerful of this world.
It is becoming increasingly clear that the land cadastre in the region correlates, more likely, with the prices for firewood in the southern hemisphere than with the actual situation with the land. Not that there was someone's evil intent. It's not that someone wants to complicate life for the recipients of the "Far Eastern hectare". Not at all. It's just that neither the high authorities in the capital, nor the local leadership, have any idea of what it controls. And this, according to studies carried out with the support of the Khamovniki Foundation, Olga Molyarenko and Alexander Pavlov, is not only a Far Eastern specificity. In this situation it is extremely difficult to make the PR project grow into something tangible. That's why the menacing speeches and outraged voices continue.
Does this mean that the project is doomed to failure? I think no. If it lasts for some time, then its transition from a virtual state to a real one can happen in an orderly fashion. Will everything go smoothly? Of course not. The problems associated with extremely approximate knowledge of the object of management (the region) will remain. Each time their decision will not be common, but random. But some general principles for solving these problems are gradually developed. Good or bad? White or gray? I do not know. More importantly, they are working. So that the municipalities on which the lion's share of the burden and risks lay in this project were somehow (not only the fear of punishment or legal prosecution) motivated to participate in the project. If it is, then the number of people who have connected their lives with the land, with the Far Eastern land, will grow. They will work on the local market. Accordingly, the region’s dependence on external exports will be reduced. Yes, and the social aspect is no less important. After all, as the regional production is curtailed with the state subsidies that are getting shorter, the number of “office workers” will decrease, the areas where the released population could “leak” apart from working in Yandex Taxi will become more and more important. Of course, work on the ground is not for everyone. But for many. It means that these people will not only not leave the region, but also will not take a sawn-off shotgun or a pistol. It would be good to add liberated trade to liberated agriculture, and then for the Far East you can be calm. Skilled people will survive.
The growth in the number and size of these "freed" (or at least bailed out) farms is quite capable of giving impetus to the construction of roads, elevators, vegetable stores, factories for the processing of these products and much more. Of course, these will not be enterprises with thousands of workers and engineers, but sausage shops, distilleries, bakeries with a dozen workers, shops and cafes. But can it be for the better? After all, each such employee, earning a living himself, reduces the social burden on budgets, initiates the creation of related jobs. And there ... The prospects are breathtaking. However, before we prophesy, we better think again. Together.