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With the gazing dollar alone
Far Eastern power engineers still do not receive compensation for gas prices that have risen from Exxon
Energy companies in the Far East who consume gas within the framework of a contract concluded for 20-year with Exxon Neftegas Ltd, an operator of the Sakhalin-1 offshore project, have not received compensation from the federal center since 2016 for losses from the increased cost of fuel. The history of Sakhalin gas, we recall, began in the 2014 year, after a sharp rise in the dollar exchange rate - then, as a result of the fall of the ruble 1, thousand cubic meters of gas went up more than 1,5 times. Losses were partially offset by the introduction of a reduction factor to which Exxon Neftegas agreed. The rest of the additional expenses were to be covered by the federal budget - President Vladimir Putin gave the relevant instructions. However, the last compensation was received two years ago, Boris Gladkikh, State Duma deputy from the Khabarovsk Territory, told EastRussia.
"And only next year we were able to agree on 2,65 billion rubles. These funds are not visible or indicated in the general transfer stream for the Khabarovsk Territory. But there is a protocol decision, according to which the agreement will determine the appointment by February. “Far Eastern Generating Company.” This was recorded at a meeting of the State Duma Committee on Energy, and there is a letter from First Deputy Prime Minister Anton Siluanov. True, there is some misunderstanding with the financial block of the Khabarovsk Territory government, where They say that they don’t see this money and need to continue working. But I have a main document - a letter from Siluanov in my name, ”said Boris Gladkikh.
EastRussia Help. JSC Far Eastern Generating Company (DGK, part of RusHydro) is one of the key suppliers of electrical and thermal energy in the second price zone of the wholesale electricity and capacity market uniting the entire south of the Far East: Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krai, Amur Region, the Jewish Autonomous Region and south of Yakutia. According to the results of 9 months, 2018 of the year DHA produced a little more than 5 billion kWh, which is about 61% of the total output of the entire unified energy system of the East (8,15 billion kWh). The company also provides half of the heat generation in the Khabarovsk Territory, a quarter in Primorye and 3-17% in the remaining regions of presence.
According to the company's latest quarterly report, the share of fuel purchased from Exxon Neftegas in the first three quarters is 16,5%. Other largest suppliers of DHA are Khabarovsk Gazprommezhregiongaz LLC (supplies Sakhalin-2 project fuel, 10,23% in the fuel balance of the power company), SUEK group of companies (15,7%) and its subsidiary, Khabarovsk Urgalugol JSC (10,9%) , as well as the Primorsky LLC "Luchegorsky coal mine", owned by the power industry (11,5%). The prices for coal and fuel oil consumed by DHA are determined by the results of trading, and these indicators are rising - coal has risen in price by 20,75% since the beginning of the year, fuel oil - by 16,75%. Note that the DGK business has been steadily unprofitable in recent years. So, the company ended up with a net loss of more than 2015 billion rubles, 6,9 - 2016 billion rubles, 3,6 - 2017 billion rubles. The uncovered loss of previous years, according to DGK at the end of 4,6, exceeded 2017 billion rubles.
According to Boris Gladkikh, another about 400 million rubles a year due to the difference in rates is losing the “small” power industry of the Khabarovsk Territory, which also consumes Sakhalin gas. "The shortfall will need to work with him. I think that during the course of the amendments we will conduct hard work during the year, I expect the draft amendments to the budget by March," he said. "And we expected 1,4 billion rubles in reimbursement of costs for the purchase of coal and petroleum products associated with the rising cost of fuel. About 28 billion rubles were required for all subjects of the Russian Federation. Unfortunately, we will not see this amount of funds, although everything was at the maximum degree of development Until we see the order of 450 million rubles. A billion, unfortunately, we were cut off. We’ll find out whose flaw. According to preliminary information, the funds “went” to the neighboring region, but they still get into the “common pot” - the DHA works there too ” - said the State Duma deputy.
Meanwhile, says Boris Gladkikh, "there are risks that the flow of gas from the Sakhalin-1 project may stop in the future: the company is going to send gas to LNG production." "We need to switch to Sakhalin-2 products on time and, perhaps, strengthen the issues related to the Power of Siberia. On the other hand, the supply of gas from the Sakhalin-2 project is also not an easy matter, there needs to be strengthened infrastructure," - said the representative of the Khabarovsk Territory in the lower house of parliament.
Gazprom is building the Power of Siberia gas pipeline from 2014, and on December 21, the company announced the completion of construction work on the first line of the pipeline - from the Chayanda field in Yakutia to the border with China in the Amur region. In the 2019 year, equipment start-up tests will be held, after which in December 2019 gas supplies to China will begin. For the first year, Gazprom expects to export the entire 4,6 billion cubic meters of fuel through the Power of Siberia, and by 2025 the volume should grow to 38 billion cubic meters.
Gas from Yakutia and Siberia may arrive in the Jewish Autonomous Region, the Khabarovsk and Primorsky Territories no sooner than the company builds the third stage of the Power of Siberia (the so-called “Far Eastern route”), connecting the first lines of the line with the existing Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline , which now supplies fuel to the Far Eastern consumers from the Sakhalin-2 project. In any case, construction will begin no earlier than 2020 of the year.