Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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Fish interest

Kozhemyako: "There will not be any more courage in the fish industry of the Sakhalin region"

Fish interest

Oleg Kozhemyako, appointed at the end of March to act temporarily as governor of the Sakhalin region, faced a non-trivial task: how to make the fish cheaper in a region that is traditionally considered a marine granary of Russia. The editorial staff of EastRussia tried to understand the situation.

Paradoxically, but the fact: the fish on the shelves of the region's stores, supplying half the country's seafood, is more expensive than in Moscow. And the assortment is lame. In this Oleg Kozhemyako was convinced personally, going to the fish pavilion in one of the markets of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

“Where do you have local products?” He asked the saleswoman. And he received a discouraging answer that they sell here mainly fish brought from Vladivostok. From the local - only kundzha, purchased from amateur fishermen, and chum salmon obtained by the drifter method.

As the Deputy Prime Minister of the Sakhalin Region Igor Bystrov explains, the situation in the region is primarily related to the limited market. The population of Sakhalin and the Kuriles does not exceed 500 thousand people, more than half of them live in small settlements. Insufficiently developed transport and trade infrastructure with high costs for the delivery and storage of perishable goods, the lack of trade networks covering the entire region - all this leads to the fact that the local market is not of serious interest for large fishing companies. It is easier and more profitable for them to sell their products to large federal retail chains than to establish retail sales in remote settlements. Here's the result: the prices for fish products, which still end up on the shelves of local stores, including those from other regions, turn out to be prohibitively high.

“There is one more factor,” says Igor Bystrov. - A significant part of the fish that is sold in the region is either bought from the population or obtained by poaching. Or is it a legal catch, but it was delivered to the point of sale without obtaining a veterinary certificate, as required by law enforcement and regulatory authorities. It's troublesome. Therefore, they are often dispensed with. And all this, of course, is included in the cost of a kilogram of fish for the end consumer. That is to say, payment for fear, for the risk of being caught in the sale of products that do not have veterinary documents. According to my estimates, it is up to 50-60% of the retail price of smelt, kunja, flounder, crabs, shrimp. We are fighting not so much against counterfeit or poaching products, as persecution of entrepreneurs for non-compliance with veterinary formalities. "

The former leadership of the region did not make any serious attempts to improve the provision of the population with affordable fish. All actions in this direction were limited to one-time actions to organize the sale in the season of relatively small parties of Navaga and pink salmon at so-called social prices. Their volume usually did not exceed several tons.

How to provide the inhabitants of the region with fish? To understand the problem, Oleg Kozhemyako, without delay, held a series of meetings with the heads of fish enterprises, including small and medium-sized businesses.

Nikolay Lysyak, head of Yantarnoye LLC, a small company from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk that produces fish delicacies, told the new head of the region that his enterprise does not have its own production facilities. Many Sakhalin residents cannot afford the products because of the high prices for raw materials, which have to be purchased from larger companies. The high interest rate on bank loans also plays a negative role.

The leaders of small fishing companies complained that branch science today often operates in the interests of a small number of large companies. An apple of discord was, in particular, a very profitable chum salmon. The right to conduct it has a limited range of enterprises. The problem is also that the salmon and chum salmon are kept almost at the same time in the same places. Because of this, companies that do not have a quota for ketu, forced before the time to stop fishing pink salmon: God forbid, even accidentally they get the wrong fish in their seine. A lot of criticism was voiced about the activities of controlling organizations.

After studying the situation, an action program was developed, which was recently announced. The first step is to create clear and transparent mechanisms to support small and medium-sized fishing enterprises, so that the rights of some fish producers are not infringed in favor of others. This, according to the head of the region, was a disease of the previous government. “I came here to cure her. Perhaps someone will give up positions, someone will give up freedom, but I will cure her. There will no longer be a get-together in the fishing industry of the Sakhalin Region. We will strictly fulfill the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation to support small and medium-sized businesses, ”said Oleg Kozhemyako.

He announced his intention to increase the number of enterprises participating in the chum fishery through small and medium-sized businesses. Another measure of support for entrepreneurs should be subsidizing, at the expense of the regional budget, the interest rate on bank loans for the purchase of raw materials to acceptable 3-4% per annum.

The number of administrative barriers impeding the development of the industry, both regional and federal, is to be reduced. The head of the region made it possible for businesses to do without veterinary certificates when transporting fish within the Sakhalin Region. And when sending products to other regions, these documents will be issued in ports for free. It is also planned to get rid of excessive market checks.

Now the residents of the region will have more opportunities to provide themselves with pink salmon and keto. Until now, amateur fishing for this fish during the Putin was organized only on a very limited number of sites. And the man who wanted to legally obtain several copies of pink salmon, had to go for tens, if not hundreds of kilometers to the nearest place of catch. Of course, instead, many went for salmon to the nearest river. Here, having extracted only one or two fish, they from the point of view of law enforcement bodies became poachers with all the ensuing consequences.

The head of the region decided that now every inhabitant of Sakhalin and the Kuriles should have the right to catch up to three copies of pink salmon or chum salmon in a convenient place for him for free. He demanded that law enforcement bodies, who will participate in activities to combat poaching during the forthcoming salmon path, take this innovation into account and not infringe on the rights and interests of law-abiding citizens.

But before the start of the salmon fishing season and amateur fishing according to the new rules, there are still two months. In the meantime, the authorities managed to get the consent of large mining companies to sell, under direct contracts at low prices, a part of the extracted raw material to small processing enterprises that do not have their own industry. This will reduce retail prices for fish products and make them more affordable for the population. The fishermen will be assigned specific trading places in the markets and retail chains of the region, where they will sell their goods. The supply of fish to other outlets without intermediaries will also be arranged. They will sell it with a minimum trade margin, no more than 10-15%. The category of "social" fish includes pink salmon, pollock, herring, flounder, navaga, and greenling.

Yuri Svetlikov, General Director of CJSC Gidrostroy, one of the largest fishing enterprises in the region, confirmed his readiness to work according to the new scheme. “We will supply our fish products at a little more than the prime cost to stores, and they, in turn, should not overstate the retail price. But there is one concern that cheap fish will flow from stores to markets, where it will be sold at a higher price. This is what you need to watch out for, ”Svetlikov said.

It is noteworthy that the transformations that Oleg Kozhemyako began in the fishing industry of the island region a month ago are in line with the federal trend: quotas for fish and seafood for Russian needs, the elimination of administrative barriers. The need for such measures was discussed at a meeting on industry problems held at the end of April in Vladivostok, which was chaired by Yuri Trutnev, Deputy Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District. Sakhalin sets an example for its neighbors in this matter.

Anatoly Kobelev, president of the Aniva Bay Fishery Association, believes that the island region can become a platform for implementing a pilot project to improve the regulatory framework, reduce administrative barriers and improve the supply of fish and seafood at affordable prices, and combat poaching and counterfeit products. “With all these problems - the dominance of the bureaucracy, which hinders the development of the fishing industry, exorbitant prices for products - other regions, to one degree or another, face, - said Anatoly Kobelev. - But in solving them, we have literally made great progress in recent days. Our experience can be used not only in the Far East, but also at the federal level. "

Fish at discounted prices are already on sale in the island region. For example, at a recent fair in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, pollock cost 84 rubles per kg, and navaga - 75 rubles (against the average price in the city, 138 and 120 rubles, respectively). In addition, herring and greenling were sold at low prices. For example, the sales of pollock among the fishermen participating in the fair increased sevenfold. And in the first days of May, such trade events are held in many cities of the island region. The beginning is encouraging. The main thing is that all this does not become a one-time action.

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