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Fish interest

Kozhemyako: "There will not be any more courage in the fish industry of the Sakhalin region"

Fish interest

Oleg Kozhemyako, appointed at the end of March to act temporarily as governor of the Sakhalin region, faced a non-trivial task: how to make the fish cheaper in a region that is traditionally considered a marine granary of Russia. The editorial staff of EastRussia tried to understand the situation.

Paradoxically, but the fact: the fish on the shelves of the region's stores, supplying half the country's seafood, is more expensive than in Moscow. And the assortment is lame. In this Oleg Kozhemyako was convinced personally, going to the fish pavilion in one of the markets of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

“Where do you have local products?” He asked the saleswoman. And he received a discouraging answer that they sell here mainly fish brought from Vladivostok. Of the local - only Kunj, purchased from amateur fishermen, but chum, obtained by drifter.

As explained by the Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Sakhalin Region, Igor Bystrov, the situation in the region is primarily due to market limitations. The population of Sakhalin and the Kuriles does not exceed 500 thousand people, more than half of them live in small settlements. Insufficiently developed transport and trade infrastructure, with high costs for the delivery and storage of perishable goods, the absence of trade networks covering the entire region, all this leads to the fact that the local market does not represent a serious interest for large fishing companies. It is easier and more profitable for them to sell their products to large federal trade networks than to establish retail sales in remote settlements. Here and the result: the prices for fish products which all the same get on counters of local shops, including from other regions, appear excessively high.

"There is one more factor," says Igor Bystrov. - A significant part of the fish that is sold in the region is either bought from the population or extracted by poaching. Or it is a legitimate catch, but it is delivered to the place of sale without the registration of veterinary certificates, as required by law enforcement and supervisory authorities. It's troublesome. Therefore, often without them. And all this, of course, is put into the cost of a kilo of fish for the end user. So to say, the payment for fear, for the risk of being caught selling non-veterinary products. According to my estimates, it is up to 50-60% of the retail price of smelt, kunji, flounder, crab, shrimp. We are struggling not so much with counterfeit or poaching products, as the persecution of entrepreneurs for non-compliance with veterinary formalities. "

The former leadership of the region did not make any serious attempts to improve the provision of the population with affordable fish. All actions in this direction were limited to one-time actions to organize the sale in the season of relatively small parties of Navaga and pink salmon at so-called social prices. Their volume usually did not exceed several tons.

How to provide the inhabitants of the region with fish? To understand the problem, Oleg Kozhemyako, without delay, held a series of meetings with the heads of fish enterprises, including small and medium-sized businesses.

Nikolay Lysyak, the head of Yantarnoye LLC, a small company from Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, which produces fish delicacies, told the new head of the region that there are no own production capacities at his enterprise. Products are not affordable for many Sakhalin people because of the high prices for raw materials, which have to be purchased from larger companies. Its negative role is played by a high interest rate on bank loans.

The leaders of small fishing companies complained that branch science today often operates in the interests of a small number of large companies. An apple of discord was, in particular, a very profitable chum salmon. The right to conduct it has a limited range of enterprises. The problem is also that the salmon and chum salmon are kept almost at the same time in the same places. Because of this, companies that do not have a quota for ketu, forced before the time to stop fishing pink salmon: God forbid, even accidentally they get the wrong fish in their seine. A lot of criticism was voiced about the activities of controlling organizations.

After studying the situation, a program of actions was developed, which was recently announced. The first thing to do is to create understandable and transparent mechanisms for supporting small and medium-sized fishing enterprises so that the rights of some fishermen are not infringed in favor of others. This, according to the head of the region, was a disease of the previous authorities. "I came here to cure her. Perhaps someone will give up positions, some will be freedom, but I will cure it. There will not be any more in the fishing industry in the Sakhalin region. We will strictly follow the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation on supporting small and medium-sized enterprises, "Oleg Kozhemyako said.

He announced his intention to increase the number of enterprises participating in the chum fishery through small and medium-sized businesses. Another measure of support for entrepreneurs should be subsidizing, at the expense of the regional budget, the interest rate on bank loans for the purchase of raw materials to acceptable 3-4% per annum.

The number of administrative barriers impeding the development of the industry, both regional and federal, is to be reduced. The head of the region made it possible for businesses to do without veterinary certificates when transporting fish within the Sakhalin Region. And when sending products to other regions, these documents will be issued in ports for free. It is also planned to get rid of excessive market checks.

Now the residents of the region will have more opportunities to provide themselves with pink salmon and keto. Until now, amateur fishing for this fish during the Putin was organized only on a very limited number of sites. And the man who wanted to legally obtain several copies of pink salmon, had to go for tens, if not hundreds of kilometers to the nearest place of catch. Of course, instead, many went for salmon to the nearest river. Here, having extracted only one or two fish, they from the point of view of law enforcement bodies became poachers with all the ensuing consequences.

The head of the region decided that now every inhabitant of Sakhalin and the Kuriles should have the right to catch up to three copies of pink salmon or chum salmon in a convenient place for him for free. He demanded that law enforcement bodies, who will participate in activities to combat poaching during the forthcoming salmon path, take this innovation into account and not infringe on the rights and interests of law-abiding citizens.

But before the beginning of the salmon path and amateur fishing under the new rules for two more months. In the meantime, the authorities succeeded in obtaining the consent of major extractive companies to sell a part of the extracted raw material to small-scale processing enterprises under direct contracts at low prices, which do not have their own fishery. This will reduce retail prices for fish products, making it more affordable for the population. For fishermen will fix specific trading places in the markets and in the trade networks of the region, where they will sell their goods. There will be established and supply of fish to other outlets without intermediaries. In them, it will be sold with a minimum trade margin, no more than 10-15%. In the category of "social" fish came humpback, pollock, herring, flounder, navaga, terpug.

Yuri Svetlikov, General Director of ZAO Gidrostroy, one of the largest fishing enterprises in the region, confirmed his willingness to work under the new scheme. "We will supply our fish products a little more than the cost price in stores, and they, in turn, should not overstate the retail price. But there is one concern that cheap fish from stores will flow to markets where it will be sold more expensive. Here it is necessary to follow this, "- said Svetlikov.

It is noteworthy that the transformations that Oleg Kozhemyako began a month ago in the fish industry of the island region correspond to the federal trend: quotas for fish and seafood for Russian needs, the elimination of administrative barriers. The need for such measures was discussed at a meeting on industry issues held in Vladivostok at the end of April, which was chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation - Presidential Envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev. Sakhalin is setting an example to its neighbors.

Anatoly Kobelev, president of the Association of Fishermen of the Gulf of Aniva, believes that the island region can become a platform for the implementation of a pilot project to improve the regulatory framework, reduce administrative barriers and improve the supply of fish and seafood at affordable prices, and combat poaching and counterfeiting. "With all these problems - the dominance of the bureaucracy, which hinders the development of the fishing industry, exorbitant prices for products - to some extent, other regions are also facing," said Anatoly Kobelev. - But in the solution of them we have literally advanced very far in recent days. Our experience can be used not only in the Far East, but also at the federal level. "

Fish at discount prices on sale in the island region has already appeared. For example, at a recent fair in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, pollock cost 84 ruble per kg, and navaga - 75 rubles (against the average price for the city, respectively, 138 and 120 rubles). In addition, at low prices were sold herring and terpug. The pollock sales from the fishing industry participants in the fair, for example, increased seven-fold. And in the first days of May, such trade events are held in many cities of the island region. The beginning is encouraging. The main thing is that all this does not become a one-time action.

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