Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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The fish industry was ordered to be different

What is the state focused on in the development of the fishing industry of the Far East

In the Far East, more than three million tons of aquatic bioresources are produced annually, more than two million tons of fish products are produced. However, the current indicators are far from the limit. The industry has considerable potential for growth.

The fish industry was ordered to be different
Photo: shutterstock.com
Over the past year at the state level, decisions have been made that will change the face of the fishing industry in the near future. And it will be not just development, but a qualitative update and an attempt to reform the consciousness of industrialists. For example, last year a federal law was passed to introduce quotas for the extraction of aquatic bioresources for investment purposes. That is, the opportunity to catch will be provided in exchange for obligations - entrepreneurs will have to build either a fishing fleet in domestic shipyards or fish processing plants in coastal regions. For these purposes, it is planned to allocate 20% of the total allowable catch. In the Far East this is the order of 500 thousand tons of aquatic biological resources (Federal Law dated 3 July 2016 No. 379-FZ).

At the beginning of this year, the principle of providing investors with investment quotas was agreed, which will now be assigned to users not for 10, but for 15 years. A long planning horizon and prioritization of economically and socially significant areas should help bring the industry to a completely different level of development. In addition, a special subcommittee on the development of the fishery complex has been established in the Far East, and a number of legislative acts have been adopted aimed at the development of aquaculture, another promising Far Eastern direction.


CLOSER TO THE BEACH, TO THE TABLE
Manufacturing production will develop intensively. One of the prerequisites - the requirements of domestic and foreign markets. In 2016, the average fish consumption in the Russian Federation was about 20 kg per person. However, in the DFO it is traditionally higher - 27-28 kg, and in the Khabarovsk Territory - and more than 30.

A lot is also exported. Far Eastern enterprises export over 1 million tons of fish products annually. The largest consumers are China, South Korea and Japan.

And although the figures for the annual turnover of fish and fish products have reached a record level, there is a prospect. The incentive should be investment and the TOR and SVP regimes designed to greatly facilitate the implementation of investment projects, giving residents a number of preferences in tax and customs legislation.

Among the regions of the Far East, the leader in the implementation of processing industries is the Kamchatka Territory. Since 2008, the 17 modern plants have been established here. In 2016 alone, private investment in the reconstruction and construction of new plants in Kamchatka amounted to about 1,5 billion rubles. Now on the peninsula 10 investment projects with an investment volume of almost 11 billion rubles are under implementation. Most of them are on the coast in remote areas of the region. Among the largest projects is the construction of a new fish factory complex in Tymlat with an investment volume of more than 2 billion rubles. Last year, the project received the status of particularly significant. Two more organizations received the status of residents of the Tor Kamchatka. The Lenin Kolkhoz is implementing a project for the construction of new production buildings of a coastal factory in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. And the City of 415 company together with the Korean business plans to create a complex for deep processing of fish.

The regional authorities refer processing to strategically important areas and try to support entrepreneurs. In addition to federal support measures, Kamchatka has been providing regional subsidies since last year to recover part of the costs of paying the first installment under leasing contracts, and also increased the amount of compensation for leasing payments and interest on investment loans.

The Khabarovsk Territory is also aimed at developing coastal processing. Here, for example, within the territory of the advanced development in the Mykolayiv district, a plant will be commissioned on the shore of the Sakhalin Bay. The enterprise is to be connected by road with Nikolayevsky-on-Amur and Innokentyevka village, by water transport to provide delivery to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Khabarovsk. The plant should work not only on salmon, but also on herring, navaga, capelin.

Fish processing plant "Vostochnoye" also plans to modernize production and build a new fish plant at the sites of the TOP "Nikolaevsk". Investments in the plant in the village of Innokentievka will amount to about 500 million rubles.

Khabarovsk authorities and business are closely watching the preparation of legal acts on investment quotas. They are confident that such a mechanism will open up new vistas to coastal plants.

In Primorsky Krai, under the TOR regimes, seven fishing enterprises are implementing their projects. Their hearts are Nakhodka Sea Fishing Port OJSC, which will build a fish terminal in Nakhodka, LLC Vladivostok Fish Terminal, with a project of building a refrigerating and storage complex for transshipment and storage of fish products.

But, perhaps, one of the most ambitious projects will be implemented in Sakhalin - here, already obtained the status of a resident of the Free Port, LLC Yuzhny Terminal plans to create a fish logistics and processing center in Korsakov. The investor plans to invest 998 million rubles in the development of efficient service and trade. Businessmen and regional authorities call the project the first step to form a fish cluster using modern technological processes in the Sakhalin region.

According to the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, seven projects in the field of fish processing are being implemented in the territories of advanced development, and another 9 projects are being implemented within the framework of the economic regime of the Free Port. The total amount of investments in projects is more than 12 billion rubles.


SHIPBUILDING FEELS THE FLOW
Another popular destination among investors is shipbuilding. Today, 90% of the fishing fleet in Russia is made up of ships that were built over 20 years ago. According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia, the need for fishing organizations in the Far Eastern region for the period up to 2030 is estimated at 147 vessels. Meanwhile, in recent years not a single large-tonnage fishery has been built at Russian shipyards. All investments related to the construction and modernization of the fleet have so far flowed abroad. But investment quotes, coupled with simplified tax and customs regimes, should radically change this vector.

The key in the mechanism of investment quotas is access to the resource of any investor, regardless of whether or not it has a history of fishing and operating quotas. And the competitiveness of the procedure for providing the resource should play a qualitative update of the fishing fleet and encourage domestic shipyards to follow the trends of the new time.

The list of types of water resources for allocating quotas for investment purposes has already been approved. It includes sixteen items, fifteen of which belong to the Far Eastern fisheries basin (Alaska pollock, Pacific herring, Far Eastern flounder, Terpug, Commander squid, Macurus, Navaga, Black and White halibuts, cod, five species of crab).

Russian shipbuilders have already set their sights on conquering new peaks. And their authorities actively support this.

"We are following the development of mechanisms for the allocation of so-called investment quotas, because already in the near future it can increase the capacity utilization of not only shipbuilding plants, but also equipment suppliers. At the same time, work with fishermen is already underway. Thus, the Khabarovsk Shipyard signed an agreement on the intentions to build a series of hijackers with OOO Viking, with the beginning of work in 2017. At present, the customer, together with the designer, is working on the project of future ships, "- said Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry and Transport of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergey Ivashkin.

Another measure, a utilization grant, adds to the chances of investment success. In early May, the Government of the Russian Federation approved a mechanism for reimbursing the costs of acquiring new ships instead of those handed over for scrapping. The size of the subsidy for the purchase (construction) of one new vessel for the fishing or technical fleet is 10% of its value (excluding value added tax), but not more than 70 million rubles.

However, even without sounded measures, the regions have long taken a vector for fleet renewal. In the same Kamchatka, in addition to fish processing, they are actively investing in shipbuilding. Thanks to the investment project of one of the oldest Kamchatka fishing enterprises, Kolkhoz named after Lenin, the region became a leader in the field of fleet construction. This is the first company that builds up-to-date production vessels at the Russian shipyard. Within the framework of this project in 2018, the Kamchatka fleet will be replenished with three state-of-the-art vessels, with a total value of about 4,5 billion rubles. The first vessel will leave the slipways in June of this year, the second in November.

The Sakhalin Region also sets priorities in favor of shipbuilding. In addition to the coastal capacities in Korsakov, ship-repair facilities with elements of modular shipbuilding (Nevelsk and Korsakov) will be built as part of the implementation of the South Terminal project. This is enshrined in the regional program for the development of fisheries up to 2020.


AQUACULTURE: HERE WAITING FOR CHANGES
According to the estimates of Far Eastern scientists, more than 2 million hectares of the sea area off the Russian coast of the Sea of ​​Japan and the south of the Sea of ​​Okhotsk are suitable for aquaculture. However, less than 20 thousand hectares are being developed. The potential for aquaculture production in the Far East is more than 1 million tons of products per year, while less than one percent has been realized. With an annual catch of more than 3 million tons of fish, only 6 thousand tons of aquaculture are produced per year. They intend to change the situation radically.

"The direction of aquaculture today is one of the most promising for development. However, in the direction of growing populations of commercial fish and shellfish - aquaculture - there is a significant lag, the potential is practically not realized. Therefore, the decision to provide entrepreneurs with a part of the water area for the development of this promising industry is absolutely logical and correct. This will contribute to the growth of industrial production, the creation of new jobs, the strengthening of the economy and the investment attractiveness of the region, "said Deputy Minister for Far East Development Serey Kachaev.

A breakthrough idea of ​​how to involve the maximum amount of water areas in economic circulation was made by the Deputy Prime Minister - Presidential Plenipotentiary in the Far Eastern Federal District Yury Trutnev. On his initiative, a declarative procedure was introduced for aquaculture plots with their further auctioning.

An interactive one window service for Russian and international market participants will be formed. That is, a dimension grid will be applied to the fishery basin water area. An entrepreneur in online mode will be able to make a choice of a site. The application will automatically go to Rosrybolovstvo, which will approve the boundaries of the fish farm and display it on an electronic auction through the Internet service of the Foundation for the Development of the Far East.

The idea of ​​an interactive map of the sites was supported by Russian President Vladimir Putin. Draft acts of the Government of the Russian Federation have already been developed, which will ensure the implementation of such a model by the end of the year. A list of potential investors in new aquaculture enterprises in the Russian Far East (250 companies from Russia, Asia-Pacific countries, Europe, the USA, etc.) has been formed, contacts have been established with trade representations of Russia in the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, North America and Europe. Proposals were sent to potential investors to create aquaculture farms in the Far East using a new Internet service.

Meanwhile, in the first quarter of this year, more than 5 thousand hectares of water area were provided to entrepreneurs for the development of aquaculture in the Far East. A total of 54 such sites have been identified. We are talking about 3 plots with an area of ​​31,88 hectares in the Sakhalin Region, 18 plots with an area of ​​389,45 hectares in the Khabarovsk Krai and 33 plots with an area of ​​4802,2 hectares in Primorye. The plans and schedules of the auctions are published on the websites of the Ministry for the Development of the Russian Far East, the Federal Agency for Fishery and its territorial departments in the Far Eastern Federal District. Now it is open information. Schedules of such auctions are laid out on a quarterly basis so that any interested investor can take part in them.

In Minvostokrazvitiya are sure that the fishing industry is able to make a powerful contribution to the development of the Far East. The Minister of the Russian Federation for the Development of the Far East, Alexander Galushka, believes that the implementation of measures aimed at developing the fisheries complex of the Far Eastern Federal District will ensure an investment inflow of over 150 billion rubles in the next three to five years. 

"We will continue to increase investment attractiveness and stimulate the inflow of private investments into key economic sectors of the Far East. The Government of Russia is completing work on by-laws on the procedure for providing investment quotas for fishing. They fixed the priority of the Far East. Those who will build new fishing vessels in the Far Eastern shipyards and new processing plants in the Far East will receive more quotas for the right to fish. Before the Eastern Economic Forum, we plan to launch a new electronic service for the selection of marine areas for aquaculture. It will be an open, convenient, underline, competitive mechanism. Any investor can choose the area cleared of all legal restrictions on the electronic map, submit an application electronically and within ten days the selected site will be auctioned, "the minister said.

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