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Fishermen hit their tails

Why fish is stuck in Primorye

Fishermen hit their tails

The authorities of Primorye can cut the program of support for fisheries. Businessmen and analysts believe that the program should be correlated with the requirements of the market.

Head of the Primorsky Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Bioresources Alexander Perednia at the annual meeting of the Association of Fishery Enterprises of Primorsky Krai reported that the amount of support for branch workers can be significantly curtailed. The fact is that fishermen systematically underestimate budgetary funds.

The support program was approved in 2010 and was calculated until 2013. In 2014, the program was extended until 2017 after significant changes were made. The main goal of the new document is to meet the needs of the population of the region and the domestic market of the country in high quality fish products and seafood. The program implies a transition from a commodity market to a market for deeply processed fish and seafood. The main attention in the document is paid to the development of artificial reproduction of aquatic biological resources (aqua and mariculture), modernization of the fish processing sector and an increase in the degree of processing of aquatic organisms, increasing the export of competitive fish products with high added value. With the help of budgetary funds, the region is ready to compensate part of the costs for the acquisition of technological fish processing equipment, for the payment of interest on loans raised for these purposes, and for the payment of lease payments. The total allocation from the federal budget for the implementation of the program is 882792,27 thousand rubles, the regional budget - 1140347,74 thousand rubles, from extra-budgetary sources - 3324058,80 thousand rubles.

In 2013, the foreseen annual funding amounted to 220 thousand rubles. However, the real payments on subsidies from the regional budget amounted to 127,68 105 thousand rubles. That is, less than half of the amount planned in the state program. As A. Perednya said, the main part of the funds was transferred to enterprises engaged in coastal fish processing in the region - 335,17 thousand rubles. Another 96 thousand rubles. were allocated to firms that are engaged in commercial (industrial) fish farming and the reproduction of aquatic biological resources. Under leasing agreements, the regional fishermen purchased new technological fish processing equipment for a total of 258,39 million rubles.

According to the director of the profile department, heads of farms do not want to develop funds, because they do not want to fulfill the conditions for receiving subsidies stipulated in the program.

“For example, one of the requirements of the program is a fixed salary in aquaculture enterprises. Businessmen do not want to set salaries at a level even two times lower than the industry average in order to “get out of the shadows,” A. Perednya said. For the same reason, according to him, some of the fish processors did not want to participate in the program. Moreover, at the last meeting of the Primorsky Fisheries Council, it was decided to return the subsidies allocated to some enterprises. A similar issue was raised with regard to aquaculture enterprises, since funds were provided, and there was no increase in production.

"Aquaculture gives 0,5% of production, and time requires a lot. The leaders of such enterprises and associations are the most frequent guests in the department, "A.Perednia stressed. - If we sign an agreement on the allocation of funds, then we also subscribe to the requirements for the indicators. But last year only 79% was mastered, and that part of the funds allocated for the subsidy will be returned. " If mastering this year will be similar, then he is ready at least now to sequester the program.

Business representatives believe that the responsibility for the failure of the program lies on the shoulders of the administration. They say that they have repeatedly voiced their suggestions and comments at all stages of the approval of the program.

"In itself, the concept of" increment in a number of areas of fisheries "is absurd, since the industry depends heavily on the volume of permissible catches, that is, on natural factors. Similarly, aquaculture depends on this. Therefore, it is impossible to finance the growth of indicators in fisheries, "said Alexander Platonov, president of the Far Eastern Aquaculture Association.

In addition, businessmen are convinced that it is impossible to evaluate the results of a long-term program for the time that it works.

"We only managed to buy and install new equipment, the growth of indicators has just begun. Therefore, it is not yet possible to assess how effectively the program works. Too little time. And then, the criteria are not obvious from the point of view of practical implementation, "- said one of the company's leaders, who took advantage of the state support, but wished to remain anonymous.

Analysts remind that Primorye has its own positive experience in support of coastal fish processing: from the end of 2010 for 2012 years, there operated the regional target program, which involved about two dozens of enterprises. In 2013, it was replaced by the state program for the development of the entire fishery complex of the region, with more ambitious goals and tasks. "However, the effectiveness of the new tool now raises more and more questions," said Natalia Sycheva, the head of the "Open Industry" project.

"In October last year, the governor criticized the department of fisheries for the pace of implementation of the" fish "state program (for 9 months, only 35% of the budgeted funds were spent) and instructed to put pressure on the construction of the fishing industry cluster and the fish market. At the end of the year, the indicator did not reach 50%, and the enterprise-participants of the program, who, in the opinion of the department, did not provide the proper "production growth" were guilty. The business has its own strong arguments in response, but the problem only worsened, because instead of developing the industry received another conflict, "- she said the analyst.

In her opinion, 47,8% of the development of the program budget is an important signal, primarily for the regional authorities. "Why such a low figure? What does not suit the business in terms of subsidies? How to fix the situation? This is what the administration should think about, that is, sit down at the same table with processors, aquafermers and discuss options for solving the problem, and not "stimulate" their prospect of cutting the program budget, "the expert concluded.

Business requirements should be consistent and logical.

"You can not enter rules that are knowingly far from practice. Otherwise, their stimulating effect will be reduced to zero, "said Larisa Sakharova, Ph.D. (Economics), Professor of the Department of Financial Management of the Far Eastern Fisheries University. In her view, thanks to the previous support program, enterprises' investments in their own production grew by 40%.

"Enterprises were able to compete in the market with foreign products," the expert added. She believes that if the program is closed, fish processors will be placed in obviously unequal conditions, including with neighbors in the region. The latter, meanwhile, enjoy state support more actively.

According to Pavel Kolotushkin, head of the Fisheries Agency of the Sakhalin Region, the new state program "Development of the Fishery Complex of the Sakhalin Region for 2014-2020 Years", adopted last summer, began to operate only from the beginning of this year. However, investments in the industry were actively received during the entire 2013 year.

“Thus, in 2013, the implementation of the investment project“ Creation of capacities to increase production of aquatic biological resources in the Sakhalin-Kuril water area, with their subsequent processing at coastal capacities, was completed. The project initiator, ZAO Gidrostroy, built a cargo pier, a refrigerator for 4, thousand tons of fish products and put into operation a workshop for the production of canned fish. The project cost amounted to 1 billion, 70 million rubles, ”said P.Kolotushkin. So far this is the only investment project implemented in the region. Investment in fixed assets in the industry in 2013 amounted to about 2 billion rubles. However, according to forecasts of the management of the agency, in 2014, the investment activity of economic entities will continue.

"Enterprises of the fisheries complex plan to build new facilities for fish processing infrastructure and storage," the head of the department said. He said that the amount of funding planned by the program to support the fishery sector of the island is 6 129 028 thousand rubles.

Increasing the efficiency of the industry, believes P. Kolotushkin, will be directly linked to the support of the established closed technological industries.

"Support will be provided to enterprises of fishing and processing, which are focused on year-round work and high added value in the products. The funds will be spent on the development of aquaculture farms, on the study and involvement in the turnover of underutilized fishing facilities, "he said.

Of these funds 3 456 500 thousand rubles. It is planned to spend on the development of coastal fisheries and coastal processing. 2 672 528 thousand rubles will be allocated for the development of aquaculture. The funds of the regional budget will be provided in the form of budget investments and in the form of subsidies to legal entities and individual entrepreneurs. Grants will be provided to compensate for the interest rate on loans received for the purchase of new equipment, to compensate for lease payments, as well as to reimburse part of the costs incurred by organizations for the production of marketable products. Fish farmers will also be reimbursed part of the cost of acquiring and settling fertilized caviar, developing reproduction biotechnologies, and developing a risk insurance system.

In the Kamchatka region in the current year also began to operate a similar program of support. As stated by the Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Galitsyn, the approved document includes the activities of the previous three-year program (2013-2015), as well as measures for the development of salmon farming from the draft long-term regional target program "Development of aquaculture in the Kamchatka Territory for 2013-2020 years" . The new state program “has grown” in volume due to four subprograms: “Development of aquaculture”, “Development of coastal fish processing complex”, “Development of human resources of the fishing industry” and “Ensuring the implementation of the Program”.

A significant difference from the previous program is the amount of funding provided. The total budget allocations of the regional budget for its implementation is 547 226,96 thousand rubles. In 2014, it is planned to spend 75 285,7 thousand rubles. (in the previous program for the same year budget funding was provided in the amount of 48 594 thousand rubles), in 2015 of the city - 64 289,7 thousand rubles. (38 797 thousand rubles. In the previous program).

The interlocutor of EastRussia.Ru was unable to clarify the levels of utilization of the previous program, but noted that it was popular among the trade community, "and therefore received a continuation and development." According to him, in the period from 2010 to 2013. participants of the program 2010-2012. and the 2013-2015 programs. 21 investment project was implemented, including 13 - for the development of coastal fish processing infrastructure, 8 - for the construction and acquisition of fish processing vessels.

“Results of the implementation of the program 2010-2012. reflect the steady positive dynamics of the development of the fisheries complex of the Kamchatka Territory, ”summed up V. Galitsyn. 

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