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Fish in coals

Residents of the Primorsky Territory opposed the construction of coal terminals in the bay of Suhodol

Fish in coals

Against the backdrop of ambitious progress of the joint Russian-Japanese project to build a fish cluster in the bay of Sukhodol in the Primorsky Territory, a scandal is mounting around the construction of a huge terminal for transshipment of coal in the same bay.

Primortsy appealed to the President of Russia Vladimir Putin with a request to prevent the construction of the port. The appeal was published on the Internet and in a few days collected more than a thousand signatures.

The letter, written by user Ksenia Rumyanseva, expressed fears that the project to build a specialized offshore coal transshipment complex in Sukhodol Bay would cause colossal harm to the ecology of Primorsky Krai. "In the regions, the movement of air masses is such that the winds will blow coal dust across all nearby settlements, surrounding beaches, recreation centers," the appeal says. The letter also draws attention to the fact that the Ussuriisk Bay, where the construction will be launched, is a unique ecosystem, including the marine one. And the construction of the terminal will lead to its complete disappearance.

At the last public hearings that took place after the publication of the appeal to the President, representatives of the administration of the Romanovsky rural settlement and the residents of the village of Romanovka present at the discussions stated that "the project being implemented is of great importance for the residents of all nearby villages, including Shkotovo and Smolyaninovo, since here, new jobs and optimal working conditions will be created. "

However, as noted by the head of the International Center for Environmental Monitoring of the Institute of Biology and Soil Science of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Tatyana Vshivkova, who participated in public hearings, no decisions were made on the terminal. “No decisions were taken on the project at the event, one could only listen and ask questions. By the way, many locals, when they learned that there would be no voting, left the hall. We, environmentalists, have many complaints about the terminal, to which, alas, company representatives do not give an answer, ”she said.

Recall that in December 2013 in Moscow, within the framework of the "Transport Week", an agreement was signed on the construction of the Sea Coal Loading Complex in the vicinity of Sukhodol Bay, Primorsky Krai. The document was signed by the Federal Agency for Maritime and River Transport, FSUE "Rosmorport" and OAO HC "SDS-Ugol" in the presence of the head of the Administration of the President of the Russian Federation Sergey Ivanov and the Minister of Transport of Russia Maxim Sokolov.

The order to prepare proposals for the construction of a specialized coal port for small and medium-sized coal mining companies in the Far East was announced back in January 2012 at the meeting "On the Results of Restructuring and Prospects for the Development of the Coal Industry" by Vladimir Putin. The project was included in the federal target program "Economic and Social Development of the Far East and the Baikal Region for the period up to 2018".

"The option of placing a coal terminal on the northern shore of the Sukhodol Bay, Primorsky Territory, prepared by OAO HC" SDS-Ugol ", was developed on behalf of the Governor of the Kemerovo region Aman Tuleyev. Based on the results of the consideration of proposals submitted by interested investors for the implementation of the project, it was recognized as the most optimal. The Governor of Primorye, Vladimir Miklushevsky, supported the project, "the press service of the holding reported.

The result will be the construction of a specialized coal terminal in the Suhodol Bay with an annual capacity of 20 million tons (about 300 thousand wagons per year or in coal composition every two hours). The port facilities will include open coal storages for storing 1,52 million tons of raw materials, a terminal with access to the open sea and loading complexes. The port will be located on the back of Cape Telyakovskogo, in the Shkotovsky district. The initiator of the project is OAO Holding Company SDS-Ugol. The amount of financing will be 18 billion rubles. The implementation period is 2014-2019.

Experts believe that the creation of additional logistics facilities (including port ones) will expand the possibilities for exporting Russian coal to the Asia-Pacific market and will help to solve the problem of insufficient port facilities that are currently experienced by Russian coal miners. Meanwhile, they do not deny the harmful effects on the ecology of Primorye.

The main research officer of the POI FEB RAS, a member of the expert council on environmental safety, environmental protection and reproduction of biological resources, Doctor of Biological Sciences Vladimir Rakov believes that open coal terminals pose a serious threat.

"Periodically, the coordination councils are held, where we consider the appeals of residents of settlements where coal terminals are currently operating. Statistics of diseases due to polluting facilities in recent years in Primorye is not encouraging, such production is very dangerous for people, "he said. According to him, coal dust, the clouds of which fly over coal terminals, do damage not only to people. "We have pictures of black ice in the Bay of Posiet, there is just a coal terminal. In addition, the content of coal in bottom sediments in such places reaches 60% - and this causes serious damage to folding mollusks, zooplankton, sponges, anemones and other organisms. A lot of other problems are attached to the terminal, which result in an ecological crime. For example, the construction of shipping channels, "- concluded the expert.

"Open transshipment of coal does not correspond to demographic policy. No one will want to breathe dust. Environmental policy in the province in general since 2005 year is not considered, "- agreed with his colleague chairman of the Public Expert Council (ECO), Professor Yuri Zhuravlev.

The authorities of the region promise to do everything so that the residents of Primorye do not breathe coal dust. “We should not have requirements, what should be a warehouse, we must comply with environmental requirements for dust in the air. It is necessary to speed up the development of this issue and report back publicly, ”said Vladimir Miklushevsky, the governor of the region, in response to public replies. At the same time, the governor added: “Taking into account, of course, the plans of investors. We need to carry coal. This is the energy security of the Asia-Pacific countries, it is our economy. " According to him, the task of the authorities is “the barrier and the line on the final goal (there should be no dust in the air), and experts will decide how to put it in place, especially since there are options,” the governor said. He noted that it is necessary to take into account all the issues at the design stage of coal terminals. “The issue of ecology for us is number one,” concluded the head of the region.

The Chairman of the Legislative Assembly Victor Gorchakov said that at the level of the subject the deputies are already considering the bill, which is aimed at introducing a ban on the open storage of coal.

In the meantime, another large investment project claims to be Sukhodol Bay. The authorities of Primorye, on the instructions of the president, intend to build a fish cluster there. In the future, the complex will be able to serve almost the entire turnover of fish products in the Far East: processing will be from 80 to 200 thousand tons, transshipment, logistics, storage - from 320 to 800 thousand tons, trade without transshipment at the complex will add another 1 million tons. The chief designer of the cluster - the Moscow branch of the Nomura Research Institute, Ltd, having examined six different sites, came to the conclusion that the most suitable option is Sukhodol Bay.

At the public hearings on the construction of the fish cluster, Pavel Kolbasyuk, general director of Sukhodol Sea Port LLC, who was present at the discussion, said that the company sent a letter to the Nomura Research Institute a week ago. In it, they made claims to the institute, as “the cluster developers actually closed their eyes to the plans for building a coal terminal in the same Sukhodol bay and on the same land plots, which in turn are burdened with the rights of third parties, namely SDS-Coal Holding Company "And Sukhodol Sea Port LLC. Iwata Akira, the head of the branch of the “Nomura Institute”, said that they “did not know about the project of the coal terminal” and still have the opportunity to reconsider the options for placing the cluster. 

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