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Russian monotowns will be supported by TORs
EastRussia - about Dmitry Medvedev's visit to Usolye-Siberian
The government of the Russian Federation this year expects to launch a new mechanism to support single-industry cities. We are talking about the organization in them of the territories of advanced development (TOR), under which residents will receive tax benefits. This was announced by Minister of Economic Development Alexei Ulyukayev at a retreat government meeting in Usolye-Sibirskiy, a monotown in the Irkutsk region.
In 2014, the authorities established the Mono-City Development Fund, which co-finances municipalities' expenditures on infrastructure. In fact, the fund is a "project office for the restructuring of single-industry towns", explained Alexei Ulyukaev. In 2014, the fund's budget amounted to 3 billion rubles, in this - 5 billion rubles, in 2016-2017 - by 10,8 billion rubles. With the 11 monocities, the Ministry of Economic Development has already concluded general agreements, and three have opened financing.
But, obviously, these measures are not enough. According to Ulyukaev, there are only 319 single-industry towns in the country, of which 94 are crisis categories. Meanwhile, the planned funds in the fund will be enough for 20-30 mono-cities, the head of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade added.
Therefore, this year the government intends to introduce a new form of support for single-industry towns - they are proposed to create TORs. Within their framework, residents who have submitted their projects will receive income tax benefits, temporary benefits to pay insurance premiums, and mining companies, in addition, can expect a reduced ratio in calculating the tax on mining. Regions can also provide benefits to residents of municipal TORs - for example, property tax.
Alexei Ulyukaev clarified that the mechanism of the TORF will work in the near future - in August, the selection of cities for inclusion in the new state support system is expected. At the same time, the minister explained that it is expedient to create TORs not only in crisis single-industry towns, but also those who are still at risk. In addition, Alexei Ulyukayev also proposed to maintain or even increase the budget of the mono-city development fund.
"Of course, the money must be saved, and if possible, taking into account the more successful development trend, all the same, and to increase efforts, because there is no money at all for single-industry towns that belong to the crisis category. You need to run in the technology itself (creating TORs), it is important to select mono-cities in order to start working as quickly as possible, ”said Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev in response.
One of the first cities where TORs can appear is Usolye-Sibirskoe. Vrio of the governor of the Irkutsk region Sergey Eroshchenko suggested the premier to include this city in a pilot project for creating areas of advanced development.
Earlier, the city-forming enterprise Usolye-Sibirskoy was "Usoliekhimrom" (UHP), a manufacturer of household and industrial chemicals. Group "Nitol" on the basis of UHP, and also "Usolye-Siberian silicone" tried to create a plant for the production of polysilicon (it is used in solar energy). But due to the fall in prices for it, the shareholders and creditors of Nitol in 2013 decided to curtail the project.
According to the provisional governor, the regional authorities are counting on the Nitola site to implement a project to produce caustic soda and calcium hypochlorite. In addition, previously Sergei Eroshchenko said that the government intends to attract an investor, who in Usolye-Sibirskoye will manufacture methanol (up to 1 million tons per year). In June, the vice-governor signed a cooperation agreement with OOO "Siberian Technological Materials Group", which is implementing a chemical project in Usolye.
As explained by Sergei Eroschenko, the total amount of investment in new projects in a monotown is estimated at 5 billion rubles. As the press service of the governor, most of this amount (3,8 billion rubles) is accounted for by another major enterprise of the city - Usolie-Sibirskiy Khimfarmzavod. He, in particular, plans to launch a line for the production of oncological drugs.