Irkutsk
Ulan-Ude

Blagoveshchensk
Chita
Yakutsk

Birobidzhan
Vladivostok
Khabarovsk

Magadan
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

Anadyr
Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
Moscow

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Russia through the eyes of a foreigner: 48 hours at the Pole of Cold

Russia through the eyes of a foreigner: 48 hours at the Pole of Cold

Saturday morning, over a cup of coffee, I saw a letter with an invitation to Yakutia for an ethnographic holiday. "If you are ready, send me your passport details," wrote the editor-in-chief of National Geographic Russia. My heart almost jumped out. This is a chance to go to the Russian Far East, to one of the coldest points in the world! Seven days later I was at the Domodedovo airport and boarded the plane.

Bears shopping

The first thing that captures the view of the traveler, exhausted by the 6-hour flight Moscow-Yakutsk - a huge poster: a local beauty with a long braid in luxurious white furs and diamonds reveals her arms with the words: "Almazergienbank welcomes you on Olonkho Land." "I wonder if there's enough heat from these commercial hugs to get at least to the taxi?" - I thought.

The cold struck directly into the lungs, tickled the throat. I coughed. Spontaneous reaction of the body to the cold, from which the body contracted, as if for a moment thought about how to respond to these new sensations. After living for some time in the northern latitudes, I already knew the sensation when everything in the nose freezes and thaws with every breath, but that's so, to a cough - it was something new

We are heading for the snow-covered parking, flooded with the light of the neon lights of the terminal. I am a seed, trying in vain to keep up with my guide, which now and then disappears in the steam and exhaust steam compartments from working engines. The door of our minivan flew open, and, jumping inside, I proudly thought: "I did it! I got to the "coldest city on the planet", Yakutsk, the capital of the Russian Far Eastern republic of Sakha (Yakutia) ".

“Oh, it's still warm,” laughs Ruslan Timofeev, our guide and head of the public relations department of the local municipality, seeing my reaction to the “miserable” minus 33 of Celsius. “This is autumn for us. Winter will begin tomorrow! ”And he was right, because the main purpose of our visit to Yakutsk was the presence at the 4 annual ceremony of the celebration“ Winter begins with Yakutia ”. And isn't it symbolic to welcome the winter right here, where she feels like a sovereign mistress ?!

Later, during an interview with the mayor of the city, Aisen Sergeyevich Nikolayev, I learned that Yakutia is known not only for its record low temperatures recorded in the city of Oymyakon, the famous Cold Pole, which is considered the coldest point in the Northern Hemisphere and the coldest place on Earth, but also a place with an extreme difference between winter and summer temperatures - with an amplitude from minus 64 frost in winter to plus 42 heat in a short Yakut summer - in as many 106 degrees! “To fall in love with Yakutia, come in the summer,” the mayor advised with a smile, “and in order to understand it, in the winter.”



Well, we're on time, that's just where to start?

The Republic of Sakha, named after the Sakha tribe, or Yakutia, is about the same size as India (or four of France, as the locals like to say). Yes, India, but with one thousandth of its population, a third of which lives in Yakutsk. The population of Yakutsk is very young, the average age is only 29 years. In the city there are more than 30 higher and secondary special educational institutions in various fields: from economics and finance to art, but most importantly, people do not leave from here. The problem of mass flight to Moscow, from which many Russian regions suffer greatly, is not worth it. And even those who were temporarily blinded by the lights of the capital, as a rule, still return to their hometown, such as the actor and director Alexei Egorov, whom I talked to.

Our minibus was slowly moving along the predawn streets of the snow-covered city, and, clinging to the frozen window, I tried to distinguish the outlines of the neighborhoods ... Here are the panel houses-twins ... gray, pale green, pale peach trees, here is the square with ice sculptures. Here are strange, bear-like figures, unnaturally moving along the sidewalks. Some in the wind, others meet him. Oh, but these are people! From head to toe wrapped in fur, in helmet-like hoods made of mink, arctic fox, raccoon and sheepskin. Shoes are called "pima", or "boots", and are sewn from the skin of a reindeer. By dangling handbags it can be determined that some of these creatures are women, obviously hurrying to work or shopping at a local store.

“Do you have wolves?” I asked one of our guides, who was wrapped in fur from head to toe, thus making a timid attempt to apply my very poor knowledge of Yakutia. The image of a pack of wolves raging in the northern forests was firmly imprinted in my memory after reading a newspaper article a few months ago. But about wolves attacking deer and horse herds, it seems, no one seemed to burn with desire.

"And the bears?" - I did not frown. Tatyana Nikolaevna, a representative of the PR department of the local administration, responded by lowering her huge fur hood: “We have a lot of bears! Summer is so hot that they run out of the forest. Hungry. She told us that a year ago, all local newspapers were full of headlines about a man who killed a bear attacking him with a knife, and added with a smile: “Sometimes we hear stories about how people manage to survive in a fight with bears, if at the right moment the phone will ring. They say that bears get scared and run away. Therefore, we have a joke that bears are afraid of Justin Bieber’s ringtone. ” She laughs, and her silver earrings ring.

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