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"Rosneft" increases cooperation with the APR countries and develops its Eastern projects
Since the beginning of September, the Russian state corporation Rosneft has signed important agreements for the domestic oil and gas industry with its Asian partners.
The main events in the Russian oil industry in September are primarily related to the past Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, which, by the way, ended on the eve of the Day of the oil, gas and fuel industry workers. The main Russian oil company and the main newsmaker in the domestic fuel and energy complex, Rosneft, has concluded several important agreements in the capital of Primorye. The company signed an agreement with the Indian ONGC on the sale of 15% in Vankorneft JSC, in addition, a memorandum was signed with the China National Chemical Corporation (ChemChina).
ONGC will get 2 seats on Vankorneft's board of directors, it is noted that Rosneft will retain full control over the infrastructure of the Vankor block. Analysts note that the Indian company is admitted to one of the most promising oil projects in Russia - a deposit in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Our country, according to experts, has not previously entered a similar level of international cooperation.
Observers state that Rosneft receives the necessary liquidity through the sale of minority stakes. But at the same time, the state corporation does not strongly sacrifice its own capabilities to control the operational management of its assets.
As for ChemChina, it will receive a stake in the Eastern Petrochemical Company, which is part of Rosneft. The share size and price will be determined later. While partners have signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation on this project. Recall, VNHK - is the construction of a large petrochemical complex in the Far East, the volume of investment has recently been estimated at 660 billion rubles. It is planned that some of the funding will be provided by the Chinese partners.
Rosneft, in addition to signing important agreements for itself, was noted by several other important statements. First of all, they relate to oil prices and the general state of the world raw materials base.
Volatility in the oil market usually negates the quality of forecasts - both about prices and production. Often low cost is explained by the growth in the supply of hydrocarbons. But here's what the head of Rosneft Igor Sechin drew attention to at the FT Commodities forum in Singapore:
"The condition of hydrocarbon resource base is constantly deteriorating. The increase in world reserves of "traditional" oil and gas in 2014 was the lowest for the last 20 years, and the negative trend of declining growth continues for 4 already. More than 30% of new resources are hard-to-recover. The opportunities for a significant increase in oil and gas production currently have a very limited set of countries. If in the near and medium term it is mainly the Gulf countries, some countries in Africa and, possibly, the US, then in the long run the main hopes for ensuring global demand in hydrocarbons are linked to Russia, Venezuela, Iran. "
According to the head of the oil giant, it is possible to expect with high probability that during the current investment cycle, oil prices may return to levels providing investors with an acceptable return on investment. Sechin said that while low prices did not lead to a serious decline in production. However, transnational corporations are increasingly reducing investment. For example, last year, oil holdings cut programs by $ 140 billion, and this year, investments may fall by 1.5 times more.
As for Russia, in the foreseeable future it may increase oil production to 700 million tons per year, the head of Rosneft believes. Probably, Asian markets will play a significant role here. In particular, the company predicts that the growth of oil consumption in China will average 2% per year. Some experts agree that energy can soon become more expensive.
The leadership of the country seriously took up the development of the regions of the Far East. And Western sanctions have pushed Russia to strengthen ties with the countries of the Asia-Pacific region. At the same time, a number of strategic projects have been implemented for several years already and bring concrete results. In this regard, an example of the work in the Far East of Russia's largest taxpayer - OAO NK "Rosneft" is indicative. For the company this is a region of strategic interests, here it implements large-scale and long-term projects.
In the development of projects in the Far East and Eastern Siberia, Rosneft in 2013 invested about 160 billion rubles, while payments to the budget of all levels amounted to about 300 billion rubles. The volume of Rosneft's investments in enterprises and infrastructure on the territory of the Far Eastern Federal District increased 2011-2013 Year from 19 billion rubles to 37 billion rubles, that is, almost twice.
Rosneft is represented in the region by a full production cycle: the company produces oil and gas, refining, transshipment and sale of oil and oil products. The importance of its activities for the economy of the Far Eastern regions is difficult to overestimate: it is one of the "whales" on which the DFO is held even in the most difficult times. According to the adviser to the president of Rosneft, in the rank of vice president, academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, former presidential envoy to the Far Eastern Federal District and Khabarovsk Territory Governor Viktor Ishayev, the company, despite the difficult macroeconomic situation, retained all its investment projects in the Far East. In particular, we are talking about the creation of a new shipbuilding complex on the basis of the Zvezda plant, the Eastern Petrochemical Company (VNKhK) construction project, the modernization of the Komsomolsk refinery and the construction of the Far East Liquefaction Plant, the development of the Sakhalin-1 project and others.
The seriousness of these intentions is due not only to the business plans of the largest public oil and gas company in the world, but also to the logic of the development of the entire Russian economy. “Breakthrough to the East”, the policy of import substitution, the creation of competitive enterprises in the Russian Far East capable of entering their markets and products in the Asia-Pacific Region — such goals and objectives were set by the country's leadership and are contained in instructions from President Vladimir Putin level It is quite logical that Rosneft in these programs, designed for the medium and longer term, has a special place. This is a company with almost 70 percent Participation of the state, its policy always corresponds to the line identified as a strategic priority for the country as a whole. Especially since Rosneft has historically worked in the Far East.
Figures and plans
Rosneft is the flagship of the oil and gas industry. This again is not just words, but figures that you can not argue with. The results of the 2014 year speak for themselves: the production of oil and liquid hydrocarbons amounted to 205 million tons, unit operating costs decreased to 3,9 dollars in BC, free cash flow reached 16 billion dollars, net debt was reduced by 23,7% . If in 2013 the company paid taxes amounting to 2 trillion 720 billion rubles, in 2014 year - more than 3 trillion. In fact, every fourth ruble in the federal budget is a contribution to the treasury from Rosneft.
In 2014, Rosneft’s gas production reached 56,7 billion cubic meters. m, which is almost half (49%) more compared to 2013 year. Significant growth was ensured by the effective integration of new gas assets, including the consolidation of OAO Sibneftegaz, as well as the implementation of the program for the economically efficient use of associated petroleum gas. The planned gas production volume in the medium term has been contracted, and this allows the company to expand its presence in the Russian gas market. Since October, 2014, when the exchange trading in natural gas was launched at the St. Petersburg International Commodity Exchange, Rosneft has been actively involved in each trading session.
To take all the riches from the ground
Rosneft is the largest subsoil user on the Russian shelf: the company performs work on the 51 section of the continental shelf of the Russian Federation. Their resource base is 46,1 billion tons of oil equivalent.
One of the areas that Rosneft always pays special attention to is geological prospecting. As of today, according to the assessment of independent auditor Degolyer & MacNaughton, the proven reserves of hydrocarbons in the SEC classification amounted to 34 billion b.e. (4,6 billion toe), recovery of production by the growth of proven reserves - 154%. Increase in 1 billion boe. Was achieved through the effective involvement of reserves (including hard-to-recover reserves) in development through operational drilling. Modern methods of development of deposits and geological prospecting on the basic well stock have added additional resources to the company - 1,8 billion b.ne.
As for Sakhalin oil, a jubilee was recently celebrated - 125-anniversary first exploration work on the island. The history of industrial production of hydrocarbons on Sakhalin dates back to the 1928 year. It was then that the state association of the oil and gas industry was formed in the form of the All-Union value trust “Sakhalinneft”, now “Sakhalinmorneftegaz” - a subsidiary of OJSC “NK Rosneft”.
For more than eight decades, Sakhalinmorneftegaz has gone from a small trust to a leading enterprise using innovative mining methods. So, for the first time in the industry, on the Sakhalin fields, thermal methods of influence on the layer were introduced on an industrial scale, which made it possible to increase the volume of extraction of high-viscosity oils, the gas-lift method of oil production, including compressor, was developed. And the successful experience of Sakhalinmorneftegaz in drilling directional wells under the seabed was subsequently used in the development of Sakhalin shelf projects. Today, Sakhalinmorneftegaz produces 1,6 mln. Tons of oil equivalent per year, acts as an operator for more than 30 licenses for the development of Sakhalin oil and gas fields.
For 2014 year, Russian and foreign oil refineries of Rosneft processed 99,83 million tons of "black gold", which is 10,8% more than the indicator of 2013 year. Much of the growth in refining is ensured at the Russian refineries, thanks to the plant modernization program and the development of production facilities, within which construction of complex production facilities at the Russian refineries was carried out, as well as the integration of oil refining assets.
This work is conducted not only in the central regions of the country, but also in Siberia and the Far East. For example, in December 2014, OJSC NK Rosneft and OJSC AK Transneft signed an agreement within the framework of a joint project to construct an oil lateral from the East Siberia - Pacific Ocean oil pipeline (ESPO) to the Komsomolsk refinery. This will ensure transportation to the plant of up to 8 million tons of oil per year. Now most of the oil at the CPNZ is by rail. The new pipeline will not only ensure the supply of large volumes of raw materials, but also make this process much safer and more stable. It is planned to finance the design and construction of the oil pipeline outlet at the expense of the long-term tariff.
The Komsomolsk refinery is a subsidiary with which Rosneft has great hopes for the future. This is the largest oil refiner in the Far Eastern Federal District, the company employs about 2 thousand people. KHPZ produces 22 products, including gasoline and diesel, meeting the requirements of the Euro-5 standard. If in 2013 the volume of oil refining amounted to 7,1 million tons, then 2014 million tons were processed at the plant in 7,6 million, and the quality indicator is especially important: the Komsomolsky refinery completely switched to the production of gasoline and diesel fuel according to the Euro-5 standard. The construction of a hydro-cracking hydrotreatment complex with an annual capacity of 3,65 million tons will increase the processing depth to 92,4%. Currently, the refinery is assembling metal structures and equipment for hydrocracking-hydrotreatment plants, producing sulfur, hydrogen, and building general industrial facilities.
When the modernization program is finally completed, the plant will be able to produce significantly more oil products - primarily motor fuels, the consumption of which in the Far Eastern regions will grow.
The same goal - the saturation of the Far Eastern market with high-quality petroleum products, are the company's plans to build a powerful oil refining and petrochemical complex - the Eastern Petrochemical Company in the Nakhodka area. Its appearance in the region will contribute to the creation of a petrochemical cluster of related industries with a large number of new jobs.
Of no less importance is a well-organized system for the sale of petroleum products. In this respect, it is extremely important for the Russian Far East to consistently implement Rosneft's projects, such as the development of a filling terminal for Kneveichi air vessels in Vladivostok, the further development and modernization of RN-Nakhodkanefteprodukt, a large sea terminal that transports oil products for shipment to Far Eastern regions of the country and for export. In the Far Eastern Federal District, RN-Vostoknefteprodukt, a subsidiary of Rosneft, is successfully operating, providing oil products in a total of seven regions of the Far East and Siberia (both wholesale deliveries of motor fuels and retail sales via the Rosneft filling station network).
The head of the Sakhalin region, Oleg Kozhemyako, said that Rosneft could build an oil refinery in the Okhinsk district in the vicinity of the fields. While details of the project are being worked out. According to the forecast, at the first stage the plant will process +150 Thousand tons of oil per year.
If the "Star" is lit ...
In Primorye, with the participation of Rosneft, a shipbuilding cluster is being created on the basis of JSC Far East Center for Shipbuilding and Shiprepairing (DTSSS). The core of it will be a new shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" in the city of Bolshoy Kamen. The relevant instruction was given by the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin during the June 2015 workshop. It was especially noted that the implementation of this project will give an impetus to the development of a number of related industries and infrastructure - the so-called "multiplicative effect". In addition to Rosneft, Gazprombank also participates in the consortium in the person of the joint venture CJSC Modern Shipbuilding Technologies (CTC CJSC). Interest in the project was also shown by the well-known Dutch company DamenShipyardsGroup.
The shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" will become the first in Russia shipyard for large-capacity shipbuilding with a processing capacity up to 330 thousand tons of metal per year. The project is designed for three stages of implementation. The first start-up of the SC "Zvezda" should ensure the construction of medium-tonnage vessels and marine equipment. The second phase provides for the commissioning of a dry dock and full-cycle production facilities for the production of large-capacity vessels and marine equipment. Commissioning of the third stage is the construction of a dry dock with production workshops for the construction of offshore marine equipment.
At the first stage, it is planned to set up an engineering center with the number of people up to 300, which will develop design documentation and technological preparation of production. In the future, Russian designers and designers will design ships and marine equipment of the full cycle, including the Arctic class, at the enterprise. At present, the primary organizational work has already been carried out, an anchor order has been drawn up.
For the Far East, it is especially important that the new production will create additional jobs (according to calculations - about 10 thousand) and will bring significant tax revenues to the regional treasury. As the head of the Ministry of Eastern Development Alexander Galushka assured, the state structures will take on the role of “investor advocates” and at the same time set themselves the goal of easing the process of attracting qualified personnel to new production and creating infrastructure as much as possible.
"Golden Eagle" helps "Falcon"
One of the most promising areas of Rosneft's activities in the Far East is participation in the Sakhalin-1 project. This is the first large-scale offshore project being implemented in the Russian Federation on the terms of the Production Sharing Agreement concluded in 1996. The project involved companies Rosneft (20%), ExxonMobil (30%), SODECO (30%) and ONGCVideshLtd (20%). In total, 1 million tons of oil were produced within the Sakhalin-64 project, and by 2018, its production will grow by 33% in relation to the current project indicators.
In January of this year, oil production was started at the Arkutun-Dagi field, which will allow extraction of 1 project production by 2018 more than 10 million of oil per year for the Sakhalin-7 project. All works on the new site, by the way, were carried out exactly on time and in compliance with all norms of industrial and environmental safety. Sokol industrial oil comes from an oil producing platform called Berkut, the most powerful in the world, allowing drilling wells with a vertical offset of at least 4,5 km. When reaching the planned capacity, the production volume will reach XNUMX million tons per year.
Sokol oil is of excellent quality. It has very low sulfur content 0,27% and density 0,835 - 0,837 kg per cubic meter (36,7 degrees API). Because of this, it costs more than Dubai, as well as the Oman brand, for marking South-East Asia. The main buyers of Sakhalin oil are nearby Japan and South Korea, but many parties go to other countries of the Asia-Pacific region: China, Thailand, etc.
The development of a field located on the northeast shelf of Sakhalin Island in the Far East of Russia will increase the total daily production of the Sakhalin-1 project to more than 27 thousand tons. Mining at two fields - Chayvo and Odoptu - began in 2005 and 2010 respectively. The reserves of oil and condensate at Chayvo - over 15 million tons; gas - about 13 billion cubic meters. In the future, the Northern Chayvo will provide annual production on the shelf of the order of 1,5 million tons of oil. Gas will be the initial resource base for a promising Far Eastern LNG plant. For the transportation of hydrocarbons, a special tanker fleet with deadweight of each ship 100 thousand tons, as well as escort icebreakers are used. The tankers have a reinforced ice class and double hull for the safe transportation of cargo, even in difficult ice conditions.
To install the upper platform of the Berkut platform, a unique transport operation was carried out to deliver it to the planned point over a distance of more than 2600 km. During the manufacturing, delivery and installation of the fundamental upper structure, several world world records were successfully beaten, including installation in the open sea by the overthrust method. The weight of the top structure 42 thousand tons, the total weight together with the base more than 200 thousand tons. This is the largest construction of this kind in the world. At the same time, it absolutely meets strict security criteria. She is not afraid of earthquakes in 9 points, no ice, no tsunami, no other cataclysms and force majeure.
"Berkut" was put into operation by Russian President Vladimir Putin during the video bridge (on the very platform at that moment were the first persons of the companies participating in the consortium). The President of Russia stressed: "The development of Sakhalin - natural resources and the sea shelf - has for us a big, you can say - national importance. And thanks to such projects as the Berkut platform, we can use the richest but inaccessible deposits, create new production facilities, create new jobs, and, on the whole, strengthen the social and economic development of the most important region for our country, the Far East. "
The development of the Sakhalin-1 project is a joint plan of Rosneft and ExxonMobil for the construction of an LNG plant on Sakhalin, with a capacity of 5 million tonnes of LNG per year with the possibility of further increase. The resource base of the Far Eastern LNG project will be deposits on the shelf of the Sea of Okhotsk, developed by Rosneft independently and jointly with partners in the Sakhalin-1 project.
In May of this year, Rosneft produced the first million tons of oil at the northern end of the Chayvo field. This event occurred just eight months after the completion of drilling at this field from the onshore site of the first well in September 2014. Currently, oil production at the field is conducted from two unique wells with a large departure from the vertical with a length of 10825 and 9923 meter. By 2017, production should increase here to 2 million tons of oil per year.
Pure Arctic water
However, the Far East is not only the Pacific coast, but also the Arctic. The issues of its development are now also extremely acute and are discussed in the "highest offices". The company 26 licenses for shelf areas in the Far Eastern Federal District - in the Sea of Okhotsk, the Laptev Sea, the East Siberian and Chukchi Seas.
The main thing that is required is specific programs, a sequence of actions. As regards the Arctic, Rosneft shows not only the ability to build business plans on a scientific basis, but also the ability to take on a real social responsibility with real meaning. Work on offshore sections of "Rosneft" performs with exceeding and overfulfilment of license obligations.
The Russian National Committee for Assistance to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) under the chairmanship of Academician Nikolai Laverov, member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, chairman of the Interdepartmental Commission for Environmental Security of the Russian Security Council, supported the initiative of Rosneft and the Russian Geographical Society to develop an interdisciplinary scientific program for studying the Arctic . This program will allow to formulate the principles of a special regime of economic activity in the region, including clear environmental rules for the development of the shelf.
One of the best examples of such cooperation between Rosneft and the elite of Russian science is research expeditions. In August, the expedition "Kara-Summer-2015" sailed. It became the eighth organized by Rosneft. Specialists from the Arctic Research Center and the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute participated in it. On board the research vessel "Viktor Buinitsky", equipped with the necessary deck and laboratory equipment, scientists collect data on hydro-meteorological and ice conditions during the summer period in the waters of the northern seas. The route - from the Kara to the East Siberian Sea. The obtained data is necessary to assess the impact of environmental parameters during the development of the Company's licensed areas.
In the course of a similar expedition of the previous year, experts from various institutes continued to study the least studied areas in the waters of the northern seas: Kara, Laptev, East Siberian and Chukchi. During the Kara-Summer-2014 expedition, the Rosneft company, having installed a modern automated station on the island of Solitude, completely restored the meteorological observation system in the Kara Sea. Two more similar weather stations were again installed on the Transfiguration Island in the Laptev Sea and on the Zhokhov Island in the East Siberian Sea, which will provide the region with a full-fledged meteo-monitoring complex. The purpose of the research is to localize areas of hydrocarbons that are promising for detection. The collected materials will allow making economically viable and environmentally friendly decisions on exploratory drilling and the development of a complex for the extraction and transport of hydrocarbons.
Rosneft has many work directions in the Far East. It is possible to assess the prospects of each project in different ways, but in one opinion all experts agree: the company now has the most clearly structured and thought-out strategy in the Far East for many decades to come. It is in such business plans - a pledge that the Far East will really become for Russia a "point of growth" and a "point of reference" for many new victories.